S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com Emile Berliner Continuation Page 1 keywords = Berliner Berlin Emile Emil Henry Herbert Edgar Maurice Hanover Hannover Joseph Jacob Cora Clara Oliver Carbon Microphone Gramophone Gram-O-Phone phonograph transmitter disc disk Gesellschaft RCA Victor Talking Machine Victrola Nipper His Master's Voice HMV air craft plane Joyce Fury EEMCO ERCO Ercoupe Aircoupe helicopter autogyro children milk Compo EMI Polygram Polydor Seagram Alcatel kabelmetal

Updated:  07 Mar 2014 17:05 ET
[Page created 22 Nov 2001; converted 07 Mar 2014
    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]

URL:  http://sbiii.com/berleml1.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/berleml1.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher



note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.


S. Berliner, III's
sbiii.com

Emile Berliner
Continuation Page 1


EMILE BERLINER
and FAMILY -
continued

Emile Berliner and the Gramophone
I have brazenly lifted this wonderful illustration from an MIT site about and for young inventors!


Limitations on size of any single page forced me to split off the
Emile Berliner (and family) stories and Notable Berliners list from the Berliner page.


DISCLAIMER! - I am NOT related to Emile Berliner and do not claim to be!

I also have relatively little interest in Berliner discography and so provide only a limited amount of information and disc-oriented links from which you can go off on an endless quest on the Web.


INDEX:

BERLINER PAGE:
Berliner Families
Long Island Berliners
Author's Lineage
Berliner Miscellany Emile Berliner

OTHER NOTABLE BERLINERS PAGE:
Additional Berliners of Note

EMILE BERLINER and FAMILY PAGE: Emile Berliner, inventor of the carbon microphone, disc gramophone, and helicopter!
Nipper, "His Master's Voice", and a surprise!
Henry Adler Berliner - aviation, helicopter, autogyro, Berliner-Joyce, Ercoupe/Aircoupe, etc.
Emile's Biography
Milk and Sanitation

                                                                   (Image du Musée des Ondes Emile Berliner à Montréal)

EMILE BERLINER and FAMILY - continued (this page):
Annotations in my copy of Emile's Biography
Other German Berliners.

(moved from main Emile Berliner page on 22 Nov 01)
Museums covering Emile and Henry Berliner, et al., and their Work.
(moved from main Emile Berliner page on 22 Nov 01)
Library of Congress Berliner Collection
Emile (and Henry) Berliner Links and References.
United States Gramophone Company and Henry Adler.
Emile (and Henry) Berliner Bibliography.

Emile and Henry Berliner Aviation Page (this page):
    Henry Adler Berliner - aviation, helicopter, autogyro,

Berliner-Joyce, Ercoupe/Aircoupe, etc.
    (moved from the main Emile Berliner page on 20 Nov 2004)

HANNOVER BERLINERS:
    Other German Berliners.
    The Berliners of Hannover 1720 - 1997".


My copy of the comprehensive biography of Emile Berliner, "Emile Berliner, Maker of the Microphone", noted on the previous page, has these annotations in it; I think they are rather interesting:

[Inside front cover notes (q.v.).  Slightly annotated.  Pp. 325-328, 329-332, 341-344(index), 353(index)-(+3 blank) uncut (cut by me).]

INSIDE FRONT COVER (verbatim) -

family of 11 children

8  dry goods clerk at 15	{lined through}

9   left school at 14
10  then printer's devil - no pay
11   "   dry goods clerk at 16

17  to us {sic} at 19

20   2 weeks stormy crossing

37  at 22 gents clothing drummer on
      Mississippi

38  chemist's bottle washer   $6, a week

80  young dry goods clerk's principle never
                                    superseded
83  soap box

90  filed patent on 13th
		 _____________________________
		|			      |
		|     The University of       |
		|      Dubuque Library        |
		|   College of Liberal Arts   |
		|         WITHDRAWN           |
		|			      |
		|             *               |
		|			      |
		|        Presented by         |
		|    Dr. and Mrs. Donald A.   |
		|            Laird            |
		|_____________________________|

ANNOTATIONS IN TEXT -

Page 17 (underlined) - depressing rain was falling as Emile stepped,

Page 38 (marginal, opposite "clipping dated 1886") - Pd. $6 a week

Page 55 (circled) - a tall,

	(set off) - Casson sets forth in his gripping story of the tele-
		    phone, "inherited the peculiar genius of his fathers,
		    both inventive and rhetorical, to such a degree that
		    as a boy he had constructed an artificial skull, from
		    gutta-percha and India rubber, which, when enliv-

Page 65 (circled) - "Get it,"

Page 80 (set off, in Italics in text) -
		    land of his adoption, was on the verge of achieving
		    was a battery speech transmitter, the principle of
		    which has never been changed or superseded.  Out
		    of the humble lodging-house back room in Washing-

Page 81 (set off) -
		    giving the telephone its most vital and essential ad-
		    dition, the loose contact transmitter, or microphone,
		    and the continuous current induction coil, or trans-
		    former.  He was to do so, most incredible of all,

	    (set off) -
		    Concentration was automatic with him.  He let no
		    single day go by without pursuing his experiments.
		    Every luncheon-hour at the store in Seventh Street
		    would find Berliner snatching time to run around
		    the corner to his "laboratory" lodgings.

Page 82 (set off) -
		    The "miracle" that Berliner had to show them
		    was the membrane of a toy drum with a common
		    sewing needle firmly adjusted through it, a steel
		    dress-button, and a guitar string-the chrysalis,
		    though few believed it, of the telephone transmitter.

Page 111 (circled) - a tall,

Page 295 (checked) - 5. Seek the association of persons younger than
			yourself.

That's the end of the annotations; hope you enjoyed them.


Other German Berliners

  (moved from main Emile Berliner page on 22 Nov 01)

Ca. 1988, I had the pleasure of seeing a notable display about another Berliner (who turns out to have been Emile's brother, Joseph) in the Hanover city museum; he was a leading civic light before WWII and his daughter, Clara, was lost at the Theresienstadt camp in the Holocaust; Cora, the daughter of one of Emile's other brothers, Manfred, who had her Ph.D. and was an economics professor, was a heroine of the Holocaust, although eventually also lost.  I wrote to the museum for more background.  If you happen to be in Hanover, the museum is the Historischen Museum Am Hohen Ufer (the Historical Museum on the Upper Bank) at Pferdestrasse 6 and well-worth visiting.  Well, they sent me (Jul 97) a reprint of the cover and pages 76 through 81 of the "100 Jahre Schallplatte - Von Hannover in die Welt, Beiträge und Katalog zur Ausstellung vom 29.September bis 10.Januar 1988 im Historischen Museum am Hohen Ufer, Hannover", covering the Berliner family (remember - it's NOT mine)!  See a fine translation on a separate page.  There is also more information about Emile's other ventures with his brothers (they also founded what is today's Kabelmetal while they were at it) on that page.


There is a Realschule (junior high school) in Stoecken, a suburb of Hanover, which was renamed for Emile, the Emil-Berliner-Schule and Polygram opened Das Emil Berliner Haus (see below) on Emil-Berliner-Strasse (Street).


Grandson Oliver, in his afore-mentioned letter to me of 06 May 1992, also wrote that the family gives The Maker of the Microphone Award annually and that he, himself, received the Golden Gramophone and the Grammy medals on behalf of Emile.  Medals presented to Emile were in the possession of a cousin (now deceased); some may have gone to the Smithsonian and the Library of Congress and some may have been passed down in the family.

Oliver advised (01 Apr 1998) that Polygram opened an Emil Berliner Haus right next door to their big CD factory in the Hannover suburb of Langenhagen, and that both are on newly-renamed Emil-Berliner-Strasse (Street).  DGG was to have had a major celebration in September of that year (1998) to mark its centenary (Polygram has unfortunately had to cancel this and merge it into the 11 Jun 1998 anniversary bash), and that EMI (The Gramophone Co.) was 100 in 1997 and issued some fine Emile souvenirs (more Emile collectibles!).  Oliver advises that he was honored by having dedicated both the house and the street in Stoecken (see below).

Checking the timeline (click on "The HISTORY") on DGG's site, I found a page (unloadable) on the Emil Berliner Haus; it was opened in 1996 and the dedication ceremony was attended by members of the Berliner family.

See the bibliography for another book, about the Hannover Berliners.



Museums featuring Emile and Henry Berliner
et al., and their work:

(moved from the main Emil Berliner page 22 Nov 01)

Several museums with detailed displays are noted herein, such as the Smithsonian and the Wright-Patterson museums; however the major museum display must be that of le Musée des Ondes Emile Berliner* à Montréal, since it is devoted exclusively to Berliner records (and Gramophones).  One must assume that Polygram's recently opened Emil Berliner Haus must include a major display.

* - Le Musée des Ondes has pages both en Français and English text, as well.

Another is Vienna's Phonomuseum, at Mollardgasse 8, A-1060 Wien, Tel.: (+43-1) 58 11 159

I was about to host a courtesy site for the Phonomuseum on my own domain
  (27 Nov 00), but my contact there seems to have evaporated (15 Dec 01).

Ca. 1988, I had the pleasure of seeing a notable display about another Berliner (who turns out to have been Emile's brother, Joseph) in the Hanover city museum (more on this on the main Emile Berliner page; he was a leading civic light before WWII and his daughter, Clara, was lost at the Theresienstadt camp in the Holocaust; Cora, the daughter of one of Emile's other brothers, Manfred, who had her Ph.D. and was an economics professor, was a heroine of the Holocaust, although eventually also lost.  I wrote to the museum for more background.  If you happen to be in Hanover, the museum is the Historischen Museum Am Hohen Ufer (the Historical Museum on the Upper Bank) at Pferdestrasse 6 and well-worth visiting.  Well, they sent me (Jul 97) a reprint of the cover and pages 76 through 81 of the "100 Jahre Schallplatte - Von Hannover in die Welt, Beiträge und Katalog zur Ausstellung vom 29.September bis 10.Januar 1988 im Historischen Museum am Hohen Ufer, Hannover", covering the Berliner family (remember - it's NOT mine)!  See a fine translation on a separate page.  There is also more information about Emile's other ventures with his brothers (they also founded what is today's Kabelmetal while they were at it) on that page.


Library of Congress BERLINER COLLECTION

BIG NEWS! - While not exactly a museum, the Library of Congress has just released its presentation, Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry, a collection which contains a selection of more than 400 items from the Emile Berliner Papers and 108 Berliner sound recordings from the Library of Congress's Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division.  The announcement states that, although "the focus of the online collection is on the Gramophone and its recordings, it includes much evidence of Berliner's other interests, such as information on his businesses, his crusades for public-health issues, his philanthropy, his musical composition, and even his poetry.  Spanning the years 1870 to 1956, the collection comprises correspondence, articles, lectures, speeches, scrapbooks, photographs, catalogs, clippings, experiment notes, and rare sound recordings.  More than 100 sound recordings from the Berliner Gramophone Co. are featured on the site, demonstrating the various genres produced in the 1890s, including band music, instrumentals, comedy, spoken word, popular songs, opera, and foreign-language songs.  Noted performers such as the Sousa Band appear, and rarities are featured such as a recording of Buffalo Bill giving his Sentiments on the Cuban Question just prior to the Spanish-American War and Native-American ghost dances recorded by the noted ethnologist James Mooney."

{Information largely quoted from the LoC announcement.}


UNESCO lists, in their Memory of the World Register - Germany:  "The oldest sound documents (Edison-cylinders) of traditional music, from 1893 to 1952.  Register list - The Berlin Phonogramm-Archive is a part of the musicological section of the Ethnographical Museum, State Museum at Berlin, Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation [Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv am Museum für Völkerkunde, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz].  More than 145,000 recordings of mu{s}sic representing the cultural heritage of many cultures all over the world excluding Western Art and Pop music are stored on completely different sound carriers such as Edison-phonograms, analog and digital tapes, and all kinds of discs (from 78 shellac discs to LPs and CDs).   This is a world-wide unique sound collection with universal significance and intercultural dimensions." (25 Jan 2005)

The museum can be reached at:

Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv
Arnimalle 27
14195 Berlin (Germany)

phone:  +49 30 / 8301-241
fax:  +49 30 / 8301-292
e-mail:  phonoarch@smb.spk-berlin.de

This came to me via the good offices of National Sound Archives of the Jewish National & University Library in Jerusalem, with an announcement of the printing of "Music Archiving in the World", including a CD with musical examples, published by VWB Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung.



There is a Realschule (junior high school) in Stoecken, a suburb of Hanover, which was renamed for Emile, the Emil-Berliner-Schule and Polygram opened Das Emil Berliner Haus (see below) on Emil-Berliner-Strasse (Street).


Grandson Oliver, in his afore-mentioned letter to me of 06 May 1992, also wrote that the family gives The Maker of the Microphone Award annually and that he, himself, received the Golden Gramophone and the Grammy medals on behalf of Emile.  Medals presented to Emile were in the possession of a cousin (now deceased); some may have gone to the Smithsonian and the Library of Congress and some may have been passed down in the family.

Oliver advised (01 Apr 1998) that Polygram has opened an Emil Berliner Haus right next door to their big CD factory in the Hannover suburb of Langenhagen, and that both are on newly-renamed Emil-Berliner-Strasse (Street).  DGG was to have had a major celebration in September of 1998 to mark its centenary (Polygram unfortunately had to cancel this and merge it into the 11 Jun 1998 anniversary bash), and that EMI (The Gramophone Co.) was 100 in 1997 and issued some fine Emile souvenirs (more Emile collectibles!).  Oliver advises that he was honored by having dedicated both the house and the street in Stoecken (see below).


Links and References for Emile and Henry Berliner:

Deutsche Grammophon GmbH (English-language site).

Deutsche Grammophon maintains an Emil Berliner Studios (recording studio - recording service, audio engineering, tape mastering, and special services, plus a massive archive), in Langenhagen, Germany.  They thoughtfully provide an English version of their entire site.  EBS has a lot of background about Emil(e) B., including a history and chronology. http://www.emil-berliner-studios.com/english/content_creation/index.html

Kurinsky's Fact Papers, noted at the top of the main Emil Berliner page, are at:

"Fact Paper 27-I The Early Years", and
"Fact Paper 27-II The Later Years".

Here is a fabulous (and learnèd) contemporary U. S. account of the Berliner Gramophone from page 39 of the February 1888 issue of "The Manufacturer and Builder", courtesy of Cornell University Library's incredible "The Making of America Digital Collection":

1888 Berl. Gram.
[Image from the February 1888 issue of "The Manufacturer and Builder",
courtesy of "The Making of America Digital Collection",
Cornell University Library (by specific written permission) -
all rights reserved to Cornell University.
[Image restored 07 Mar 2014]
Thumbnail image - please DO click on the picture for a larger 1.14Mb image;
it will be very much worth your while to load this image.]

Please note-rt.gif - I have deleted extraneous material not germane to the Gramophone story and pasted the month image from page 40 below the year in the upper left corner of the page.

You are really urged to look at the larger image - the text is quite legible and that is NOT a sewing machine (!); the fan in the left front is the air-damped speed controller (just as in a Swiss music box) and the box below the stand contains the shot (weights - not a battery).  The sheet of paper under the speaker (output) trumpet lying on the bench is inscribed "Reproduction".  Note the (pre-microphone) speaking (input) trumpet hooked directly through a flexible tube to a curved stylus operating under the disk.  I could not help but wonder if the clarity of the disk was artistic license or if the disk was actually transparent or translucent; sure enough, the description advises that the stylus cut into a coating of lampblack deposited on a parchment or glass surface to create a master recording far superior to Edison's tinfoil.   rev (07 Mar 2014)

There are also many links in the text of these pages, notably under Berliner and Aviation.

There is an interesting site on surviving Berliner Gramphones and disks, the Berliner Registry Project [new URL 07 Mar 2014].

That last helicopter (number 5) that Emile and Henry built and which flew successfully on 24 Feb 1924 belongs to the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum but resides at the College Park Aviation Museum at the airport in College Park, Maryland, the oldest continuously operating airport, founded by the Wright Brothers in 1909 to train military aviators:

BerlinerCopterCollPkMus
(Photo from the College Park Aviation Museum - all rights reserved)

Bruce Harrison sent me these photos he took of the Berliner helicopter at the museum:

BerlinerCopterCPAM-bh14

BerlinerCopterCPAM-bh32

BerlinerCopterCPAM-bh13
(B. Harrison photos at College Park Aviation Museum - all rights reserved)

The museum lists the copter as having a 38' wingspan, with an 18' fuselage, and standing only about 7' tall.  The original engine was a 220HP BR-2 Bentley rotary, but it is currently fitted with a 150HP AR-1.

To me, this craft looks far more like an autogyro; I'll have to see that NASM film clip of the flight again.

Henry, Jr., advises that the College Park Aviation Museum has "a large collection of Emile and Henry Berliner planes, machine tools and history, as well as data on the ERCO factory site which Henry Sr. established".


United States Gramophone Company
and Henry Adler

Paul Melzer, of Paul Melzer Rare Books & Autographs, member of the Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of America, the International League of Antiquarian Booksellers, the Manuscript Society, and the Ephemera Society, at 797 N. St. Augustine Road, Chesapeake City, Maryland  21915, 410-885-3269, seeks information on the United States Gramophone Company and its treasurer, Henry Adler.  He has a letter on USGC letterhead, dated 19 Jan 1895, written in longhand by, and signed by, Emile Berliner as President:

USGS letterhead

USGS signature
(Cropped from image of letter owned by P. Melcher - by specific permission - all rights reserved)

The letter is on eBay as Item No. 2285899487.  As Emile married Cora Adler (1862-1942) of Washington, D. C., in 1881 and Henry Adler Berliner, born in 1895, was their sixth child, Henry Adler was almost-certainly her father or brother; oh, to have my Wile to hand.


{more to follow - see above and main Emile Berliner page in the interim.}


Emile and Henry Berliner Bibliography:

"Emile Berliner, Maker of the Microphone", Frederic W{illiam}. Wile, Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1926.

"The Berliners of Hannover 1720 - 1997"@, Philipp Goldmann (privately published), 1997, LoC 96 78708

9 Island Avenue, Suite #2014, Miami, FL  33139
305-674-8367, FAX 305-534-3513, e-mail fips@icanect.net
  [@ - In full:  "The Origin and History of the Branches of the Berliners of Hannover 1720 - 1997"]

    (one copy is in the "Emile Berliner Room" at the Smithonian Institution in Washington, D.C.)

  (Philipp Goldmann is the grandson of Rahel Berliner, Emile's youngest sister.)

"The Manufacturer & Builder", February 1888, Page 39 - a contemporary U. S. account of the Berliner Gramophone, on Cornell University Library's incredible "The Making of America Collection" (see above).

"Revolving Cylinder Motors", Aeronautics, Nov 1913, pp. 165, 171, & 180] (Library of Congress link given).

There is also a rather good Emile Berliner bibliography on the Library of Congress site.


One of the nicest things about having put up these Berliner pages, especially these about Emile and his family, is the wonderful people, like Oliver and henry, Jr., , whom I have met or with whom I have corresponded; the latest are grand-nephew Philipp Goldmann, who advised (Nov 2001) about his 1997 book (above) and Henry, Jr., who advised (05 Jun 2006) about his son John and about the College Park Museum. (06 Jun 2006)


You might wish to visit my other Berliner pages noted on the INDEX, on the main Emil Berliner page.


LEGACY

  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

See Copyright Notice on primary home page.



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