S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com LIRR #401 and 100-ton Sister Boxcabs Continuation Page 2 keywords = boxcab LIRR Long Island 401 ALCo GE IR I-R American Locomotive Company General Electric Ingersoll Rand 402 Brill Baldwin Westinghouse 403 oil electric diesel engine rail road CNJ 1000 stinkpot Schenectady Baldwin Westinghouse WEMCO AGEIR distillate Campbell "

Updated:   25 Feb 2014; 22:45 ET
[Page converted 13 Mar 2010;

    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
Update info on the top on ALL pages for your convenience.

URL:  http://sbiii.com/boxcab1b.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/boxcab1b.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher



note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) has been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they are dropping WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have to scramble to transfer everything by then.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.


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S. Berliner, III's

sbiii.com

ALCo-GE-IR
Boxcabs Page

 

I-R 60-ton Demo

A new type of locomotive!
Ingersoll-Rand 1925 Demonstrator #9681
(later CNJ #1000)
(ALCo builders photo S-1484 - source uncertain;
possibly from 1980s AAR flyer)

 

 

LIRR #401 and Sister
Boxcabs Continuation Page 2

Oil-Electric ("Diesel") Locomotives

INDEX to Boxcabs Pages:

note-rt.gif   The primary Boxcabs Index has been moved to a separate page,
together with links and credits.

Boxcab Help - A service for boxcab afficionados,
posting reasonable questions (at my sole discretion).

There are now more than seventy-five (75) BOXCAB pages;
see the full INDEX, now on a separate page.

[A new "bugaboo" has reared its ugly head - complexity of organization -
see COMPLEXITY on my main index page.]

  The Boxcabs Index Page.


LIRR #401 and 100-ton Sister
Boxcabs Continuation Page 2

Oil-Electric Locomotives

ALCo-GE-IR

[AGEIR]

(American Locomotive Company - General Electric - Ingersoll-Rand)

(American Locomotive Company - General Electric - Ingersoll-Rand)

There are now more than seventy-five (75) BOXCAB pages;
see the main Boxcabs page and the Boxcabs INDEX.

PAGE INDEX:

LONG ISLAND RAIL ROAD #401

BOXCAB MODELING NOTES - moved to Boxcabs Models page 24 Feb 00.

BOXCAB DIMENSIONS - moved to Boxcabs Models page 24 Feb 00.

LIRR #401 and Sisters Continuation Page 1

Westinghouse Catalog Data on #403.

EPILOGUE to #401 (moved from main #401 page 19 Oct 2001)

LONG ISLAND RAIL ROAD INFORMATION BULLETINs
on #401 and #403 when new.

LIRR #401 and Sisters Continuation Page 2 (this page)

Train Shed Cyclodedia No, 20 on LIRR #401.   new (24 Feb 2014) Unindexed further so far; scroll away!


[First of all, I want to credit Bill Russell, Penny Bridge; we seem to be linking back and forth but he has the most compendious site about NY-area railroading, where most boxcabs lurked, with tons of information.

Second, take a look at Mark Laundry's Yard Limit Diesel Switcher Spotter's and Reference Guide, a site about early diesel switchers, especially a 1994 paper by Benn Coifman on "The Evolution of the Diesel Locomotive in the United States", with an excellent history of the ALCo-GE-IR consortium (on which I have drawn), as well as McKeen, Westinghouse/Baldwin, Hamilton/EMC/EMD, and Pullman's efforts.]

I must credit and thank the late John F. Campbell for much of the latest information about LIRR #401(1) and #402(2); since Sep 00, he had had an extremely detailed and accurate site focusing exclusively on the earliest history of the ALCo-GE-IR (AGEIR) locos, his "ALCO / General Electric / Ingersoll-Rand (AGEIR) Diesel-Electric Locomotives" site.  I heartily recommend it to you!  John Campbell had since added a complete roster of all the ALCo-GE-IR boxcab locos built in the first production run, totalling 33 units, from 1925 to 1930, but not the later Bi- and Tri-Power or GE-IR units.


Some of what follows is duplicated deliberately from the original BOXCABS page.

The first production diesel locomotive, then called an "oil electric" locomotive, was one of four built for speculation; the first was fired up and ran in December 1923 and was released for demonstration in June 1924.  The first unit sold went to the Central Railroad of New Jersey (CNJ) in 1924.  It was built by a consortium of American Locomotive Company (ALCo), one of the world's largest steam locomotive manufacturers (itself an agglomeration of many smaller, but very significant, steam engine builders going back to the 1850s), the General Electric Company, already a well-recognized manufacturer of electric locomotives and components for electrics (and in co-operation with ALCo on these since the 1890s), and Ingersoll-Rand, a major builder of gasoline and diesel motors (and famed for its air compressors).  After the initial four were sold, another eleven were built.

Most of these early units were built for service in and around New York harbor's many "vest-pocket" marine terminal yards (CNJ, PRR, Erie, B&O, D&LW, etc.).  A few went to other harbor railroads and to major industries (Ford, IR, etc.) for in-house yard work.  The Long Island's first, #401, was a road switcher, built for mainline service!

That first engine, CNJ #1000, not only started the irresistible swing to dieselization, it also spawned a small family of boxcabs which the author finds fascinating.  Originally, they came in two sizes, both with virtually identical bodies and fittings, with slightly-rounded roofs and flat ends (looking very much like boxcars with windows - thus "boxcab"); 60-ton locos with a 300HP I-R oil engine, and 100-ton locos with two 300HP I-R oil engines.  The first units also were fitted with tube radiators mounted symmetrically at each end of the roof and curved to fit.

LONG ISLAND RAIL ROAD #401

LIRR
(Photo from Train Shed Cyclopedia #43)

401 in Z-scale 1:220 1000 in Z-scale 1:220 LIRR 401                    CNJ 1000

Z-Scale (1:220) Drawings

(This is no longer just a drawing!
See
Even More Z on Z-scale page 5.)

The World's First Production Diesel Road Switcher

Also the first diesel to haul a revenue train on a long-distance run

LIRR #401 - thumbnail of 258+Kb image!
[Photograph from Long Island Rail Road archives;
click on thumbnail image to bring up full 258Kb photograph.]

(refer to the BOXCABS and the beginning of the preceding
#401 and Sisters pages for information on predecessor units)

The photo on the main page (and above) with a number of dignitaries on the ground near the cab (with its three-man train crew) of #401, on what is probably its inaugural run on the Long Island, is from an LIRR publicity piece; when I found my AA-2 class drawing (noted on the main LIRR Boxcabs page), I also found my earliest perspective drawings (which are on my Boxcab Models cont. page 1 and my original copy of that LIRR piece; this latter is reproduced here in its entirety:

LIRR #401 - thumbnail of 910Kb image!
[Photograph from Long Island Rail Road archives;
click on thumbnail image to bring up full 910Kb photograph.]


Bonanza!  Kevin Endriss was kind enough to share with me (and thus with us) four prints he aquired of photos from the collection of George Votava; the text below each is what is written on the back of the prints.

These two are of #401 at Morris Park, after the radiators were rebuilt:

401 a Votava 12May40
(photo from G. Votava, thence K. Endriss Collection - all rights reserved)
[Cropped thumbnail image - click on picture for full Votava image]

Long Island Railroad #401
Type:  0-4-4-0
Class:  AA-2
Weight:  203,300 lbs
T.F.:  60,000 lbs
Drivers:  36"
Builder:  Alco-GE-IR
Year:  November 1925
Builders Number:  66085
Photo:  Morris Park Yard, May 12, 1940

LIRR #401 b Votava Nov25
(photo from G. Votava, thence K. Endriss Collection - all rights reserved)
[Cropped thumbnail image - click on picture for full Votava image]

Long Island Rail Road #401
Type:  0-4-4-0
Class:  AA-2
Weight:  203,300 lbs
T.F.:  60,000 lbs
Horsepower:  600
Drivers:  36"
Builder:  Alco-GE-IR
Builder's Number:  66085
Year:  November 1925
Photo:  Morris Park Yard, July 9, 1950

These two are of #402-1, the Brill unit that was sent back; the first (at least) is a Brill builder's photo:

402-1 a Votava Jan26
(photo from G. Votava, thence K. Endriss Collection - all rights reserved)
[Cropped thumbnail image - click on picture for full Votava image]

Long Island Rail Road #402 Type:  B-B
Builder: J.G. Brill
Year: January 1926 (December 1925 was written first and then crossed out)
Builder's Number: 22315
Photo: Philadelphia, PA., January 1926 (again December 1925 written and crossed out)
Notes: Built as 60 ton gas-electric. Tested on PRR in Philadelphia area,
returned to Brill in about three months. Resold to Grand Trunk Western in June 1934,
their number 7730. Converted to diesel-electric in May 1939. Renumbered 73 in December 1950.
Retired in June 1960. Scrapped in February 1961.

402-1 b Votava Jan26
(photo from G. Votava, thence K. Endriss Collection - all rights reserved)
[Cropped thumbnail image - click on picture for full Votava image]

Long Island Rail Road #402
Type:  B-B
Builder:  J.G. Brill
Builder's Number:  22315
Date:  January 1926
Photo:  Philadelphia, PA, January 1926
Notes:  Built as 60 ton gas-electric.  Tested on PRR in Philadelphia area,
returned to Brill in about three months.  Resold to Grand Trunk Western,
their number 7730, in June 1934.  Converted to diesel-electric in May 1939.
Renumbered 73 in December 1950.  Retired in June 1960.
Scrapped in February 1961.


Here, courtesy of Art Huneke's ARRt's ARRchives, is an article from page 17 of the Sep 1951 Long Island Railroader about the demise of #401 (reposted 24 Feb 04 at much higher resolution as a further courtesy of Art):

LIRR #401 Sep 51 Obit
(from A. Hunecke collection - all rights reserved)
[Cropped thumbnail image - click on picture for much larger image]


Freudenreich Feinwerktechnik {new URL Dec 2001} makes a fabulous 60-ton Boxcab model, with and without end doors, in Z (1:220) scale (with a flywheel, no less!); see my Freudenreich Z Scale Page.  If we could have gotten about 5 or 6 people together, he'd have made a stretched, early 100-ton version (with correct window spacing and roof detail); as it was, I had to get a custom, one-off chassis for myself for a microscopic #401 (see Boxcabs).  Now, about #402 - - - !  Not to mention B-W #403A&B - - - !


When noted railroader-cum-rail-historian Bill Volkmer was 13, his folks took him out to East Williston to visit family for Easter 1950; while there, he took his trusty Amsco Pioneer fixed-focus camera in to Jamaica and shot* a picture (drastically cropped, here) with Jay Tower to the left and what certainly appears to be #401 in the far distance:

LIRR401Apr50Jam
(Cropped from Apr 1950* picture from W. Volkmer collection - all rights reserved)
[this is a "reverse"-thumbnail image - click on picture for
much smaller image at true resolution]

[* - it is also possible that this is cropped from an image from a negative made by Dennis Lamont.]

The resolution of this picture is so low that we can only surmise what it is at which we are looking; however, the four "squat pot" stacks make it seem fairly sure that that is indeed #401 working away down the yard to the west.


Train Shed Cyclodedia No, 20, Diesel Electric Locomotives 1925-1938, "reprinted from the Original Cyclodedia", starts off with 1927 " Section 14, Motor Locomotives and Cars, Internal Combuston Engine", pages 1011-1032, in itself bracketing a three-page insert, pages 1013-1015, on the subject by the AGEIR consortium:   new (24 Feb 2014)

INGERSOLL-RAND COMPANY, NEW YORK, N. Y.
GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, SCHENECTADY, N. Y.
AMERICAN LOCOMOTIVE COMPANY, NEW YORK, N. Y.

The article gets into production data and such and goes beyond the purview of this site (or my interest) but the AGEIR insert is so pertinent that I decided to reproduce it in full; the diagrams were reproduced in high resolution on the preceding page and the photographs follow the three pages:

TS20Pg1013  TS20Pg1014  TS20Pg1015
(24 Feb 2014 images of Pages 1011, 1012, and 1013 of TSC No. 20)
[Click on thumbnails for larger images.]

The photographs, Figures 2389, 2390, 2487, 2488, 2489, 2491. 2493, 2495, and 2496 (in my order):

[While the next six photos illustrated the article on LIRR #401, they were actually images of an early GE 40-ton gasoline-electric loco, probably ca. 1917, and the classic portrait of #8835, the Wason-bodied prototype 1923 demonstrator #8835:]

#40tonGE#6
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2389 on Page 963 of TSC No. 20)
[Click on thumbnail for larger image.]

GE 40-ton Gas-Electrc #6 (probably 1917)

Although #6 is a classic GE semi-steeplecab traction motor, notice the early beginnings of the familiar boxcab design and the roof radiator.

#8835 had a rounded nose but the tail end was flat (with an end door), the result of a pre-diesel accident which demolished to other previously-rounded end:

#88352390
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2390 on Page 963 of TSC No. 20)
[Click on thumbnail for larger image.]

GE 60--ton protoype-demonstrator #8835

#88352488
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2488 on Page 1013 of TSC No. 20)
"Ingersoll-Rand Oil Engine with Direct-Connected G-E Gnerator and Exciter".

#88352495
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2495 on Page 1016 of TSC No. 20)
[Click on thumbnail for larger image.]

"Interior View Showing Oil Injection and Circulat-
ing Water Pumps".

#88352489
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2489 on Page 1013 of TSC No. 20)
"Operating Position in Cab or Oil-Electric Locomotive"
(the cab of #8835 - possibly in the flat end).

The next photo was actually taken inside the front (rounded) end of the prototype 1923 demonstrator #8835.

#88352496
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2496 on Page 1016 of TSC No. 20)
[Click on thumbnail for larger image.]

"Interior of Cab of 60-ton Oil-Electric
Locomotive".

Now, chief!  This is a magnificent view of a brand-new #401:

#401TS20Fig2493
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2493 on Page 1016 of TSC No. 20)
[Click on thumbnail for larger image.]

Since the accompanying article was placed in the 1927 Cyclopedia by the AGEIR consortium, it is logical to assume that the portrait was taken at the GE Erie works immediately after initial painting and before lettering was applied.

This is a quarter view of one of the heavier trucks for the 100-ton oikl-electric locomotive:

#401TS20Fig2491
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2487 on Page 1013 of TSC No. 20)

Unfortunately, it still doesn't really resolve the angularity/alignment of that spring support plate.

Here's #401 on an early trial run::

#401TS20Fig2487
(23 Feb 2014 image of Fig. 2487 on Page 1013 of TSC No. 20)
[Click on thumbnail for larger image.]

"hauling load of more than 1200 tons" {sic}.

That does it for Train Shed No. 20 and LIRR #401.


For more on the only surviving 100-ton (nominal - actually 108-ton) oil-electric boxcab, Foley Bros. #110-1, now preserved at the Feather River Rail Society's Portola museum, click here; that will take you in turn to a large collection of detailed photos of that rare bird.


William E. Miller, historian of the Electric Lines in Southern Ontario, ends his e-mail messages a with a great keyboard graphic (see the bottom of my Electric Boxcabs Continuation Page; I have taken the liberty of doctoring it to make a vague representation of #401:

___  ___  ___ _________ ___  ___  ___
__||||||||||_|_|_|_______|_|_|_||||||||||__
|_\___________________=___________________/_|
||_|      |_|       =      |_|  [_] |_| |
|401          LONG  = ISLAND    | |     |
[===============================|=|=====]
_|(o)\\=//(o)     |_|_|_|  |_|(o)\\=//(o)|_
===============================================


See the preceding page with additional information on
LIRR #401, #402, and #403a and 403b.
More to follow, including more detailed dimensions, pictures
(especially now that I've found my LIRR AA-2 Class drawing),
and more links (that might even work!).



LEGACY

  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.


There are now more than seventy-five (75) BOXCAB pages;
see the full INDEX, now on a separate page.


COPYRIGHT NOTICE

See Copyright Notice on primary home page.



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prevpage.gif subjndex.gif frstpage.gif nextpage.gif
To tour the Boxcabs pages in sequence, the arrows take you from the previous page to the Boxcabs index, to the first Boxcabs page, and on to the continuation pages 3 and up, then 100-tonner LIRR #401 and her sisters, survivor boxcabs (with map) and survivor notes, survivor CNJ #1000 (the very first), Ingersoll-Rand boxcabs (with instruction manual), other (non-ALCo/GE/I-R) boxcabs, Baldwin-Westinghouse boxcabs, odd boxcabs, and finally model boxcabs.



© Copyright S. Berliner, III - 2003, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2014  - all rights reserved.


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