S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com Baldwin-Westinghouse Survivor Boxcab B-71 Page keywords = boxcab Baldwin Westinghouse B 70 71 73 ALCo GE IR I-R American Locomotive Company General Electric Ingersoll Rand EMD Electro motive oil electric diesel engine rail road Visibility Cab

Updated:   21 Sep 2020; 17:50  ET
[Page converted 07 Nov 2010; Page created 01 Feb 2001;
{restored missing images - 10 Jan 2003}
    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
Update info on the top on ALL pages for your convenience.

URL:  http://sbiii.com/boxcab71.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/boxcab71.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher

note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.

INDEX to Boxcabs Pages:

note-rt.gif   The primary Boxcabs Index has been moved to a separate page,
together with links and credits.

Boxcab Help - A service for boxcab afficionados,
posting reasonable questions (at my sole discretion).

There are now more than seventy-five (75) BOXCAB pages;
see the full INDEX, now on a separate page.

[A new "bugaboo" has reared its ugly head - complexity of organization -
see COMPLEXITY on my main index page.]

{I make an exception to the AGEIR focus
for any surviving boxcab!}


B-71 has been saved!  I got a call on 29 Sep 2016 from Nick Kallas, Executive Director of the Illinois Railway Museum in Union, Illinois, that B-71 is on the property.   new.gif (29 Sep 2016)

It's arrival was announced on the IRM blogs and is further documented on it's own new B-71 blog page, where Nick is given credit for saving it.

By specific written permission, here are IRM pix taken the day after her arrival at IRM (on 17 Aug 2016):   added.gif (05 Oct 2016)

B-71ArrivalIRM1 B-71ArrivalIRM2 B-71ArrivalIRM3
(18 Aug 2016 pictures courtesy of IRM - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnails for MUCH larger images.]

L - A tall cab and strange car body || C - A few members looking at the arrival
R - B-71 sitting on IRM's interchange waiting to be switched in to the museum campus
[IRM Captions (edited)]

More to follow.

ARMCO B-71 was in big trouble again (09 Nov 2012) - see below!

See the Boxcab Survivors Page
specifically for those others that survived.


This page is unindexed (so far); scroll away,
except for:

MTM Data on B-71

1930 Westinghouse Catalog Data on B-71

There are now separate pages for each surviving boxcab; the redundant material is being removed from the main survivors pages (very slowly).


If you are travelling, take a look at the Survivor Boxcabs Map, with accompanying Survivor Boxcabs Roster, and go visit your favorite boxcab!

I thought I'd now visited all but the ones in Montreal, and now I've "been there, done that"!

There are seven (7) ALCo-GE-IR (and just GE-IR or GE alone) boxcab units surviving and four (4) B-W (or B-W-style) units, one EMC unit, plus two (2) "home-grown" Anglo-Canadian and English units and two (2) electric boxcab survivors, for a total of sixteen(16) known North American and British survivors.

Here we are concerned with Baldwin-Westinghouse (O.K., so it's not an ALCo-GE-IR) survivor ARMCO (American Rolling Mills) #B-71, formerly at the Minnesota Transportation Museum in St. Paul, Minnesota, but now definitely at the Illinois Railway Museum*.   rev (21 Sep 2020)

[* - I have no further details of the move yet;
nor have I updated the text which follows.]

Baldwin-Westinghouse Survivor Boxcab B-71
American Rolling Mill Co.
Columbia Division, Butler, Pennsylvania


ARMCO #B-71 - Take a look at the Baldwin-Westinghouse Visibility Cab units noted on the Survivor Boxcabs page (Marre 1995, page 410); I've dubbed them "semi-boxcabs" to keep some semblance of order here!  Now that I was out at the Minnesota Transportation Museum in St. Paul (on 22-23 Aug 99), I can show you that they have a complete but rusted hulk that was ARMCO's B-W #B-71 Visibility Cab:

1930 ARMCO B-W B71 at MTM
(23 Aug 99 photo © 1999 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved).

[There is an overhead view of B71 (mislabelled B21)
on page 16 of the Aug 1999 Railfan & Railroad.]

[Note:  B70 originally had no dash/hyphen (it was "squoze" in on a later photo in the Baldwin catalog) and B-71 and B-73 did - go figure!]

ARMCO B-71 Endangered Again!

The desperate situation of B-71 is so fluid at this writing (25 Nov 2012) that I'm going to summarize it here
and re-edit the rest of the page at some later date!
(25 Nov 2012)

MTM can simply no longer house this relic and it must be removed from the property at once or it will be torched!  No matter what the loco's previous history was, Youngstown Steel Heritage Foundation has not paid it's rent in over a year and can't be reached.  The IRM (Illinois Railway Museum, owner of AGEIR DL&W 3001-cum-I-R #91) will take her but hasn't the funds to move her!  I'm trying to locate people who could help move her at minimum cost (or free).  Hoisting a 70-ton locomotive is an expensive operation.  If I or others can get a drop-center flat that will hold her (73.1 tons and 34' 8" long without footboards or couplers) and railroads would donate hauling the flat from MTM in St Paul, MN, to IRM, in Union, IL - some 375 auto-road miles, she could easily be loaded and unloaded by volunteers without a crane - all it takes is jacks, cribbing, and heavy come-alongs:

(25 Nov 2012 drawing by, and © 2012, S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

Jack her up; crib her, run skids across onto the flat, slide her over using heavy come-alongs, and tie her down!  It couldn't be easier (it says here)!  This method is used all the time for big transformers.  Unloading at IRM could be done the same way, in reverse.

[More to follow as events unfold.]


I was advised (11 Sep 02) that the Gopher State Railway Museum was seeking someone or group to acquire their Armco B-71 (apparently the MTM did not actually own this loco).  Their museum did not have the funds required to move this locomotive to their site (a 20 acre plot of land 2 miles north of New Prague, Minnesota, on State Highway 21 - which puts it some 30 miles south-south west from Minneapolis).  They had until spring of 2003 to move B-71 or dispose of it by other means.  Mike Lehne, President of the Gopher State Railway Museum, advised 10 Jan 2003 that they were unable to come up with adequate funding and that Ed Bowers bought her and has promised that she will not be scrapped and that he would find a good home for her {he'd better! - SB,III}.

note-rt.gif - Here we go, again!.  On 09 Nov 2012, I was advised that B-71 would be scrapped within two weeks!   new.gif (09 Nov 2012)

They have great photos of this loco which I have reproduced below.

The late John Campbell reacted to the 2002-3 news with this, "In 1978 Trans-Northern (Clint Jones) had acquired this unit and it was on his tourist/shortline Algoma Railroad in Algoma, Wisconsin in 1978":

B71 Algoma 78
(Cropped and rotated* from photo courtesy of J. F. Campbell - all rights reserved)

(* - Wherefore the jagged edges.)

Amazing!  She actually had paint on her (such as it was)!

[BIG NEWS! (07 Nov 2010) - B-71 has been acquired by the Youngstown Steel Heritage Foundation and will be moved in 2011 from St. Paul to Youngstown, Ohio, for restoration and eventual mechanical restoration.]

Let's rephrase that - B-71 was supposedly sold by Ed Bowers to Youngstown Steel Heritage Foundation in Oct 2010; an e-mail to Youngstown re B-71 on 04 Dec 2015 elicited a reply to the effect that the deal had fallen through.   added.gif (05 Oct 2016)

Westinghouse cross-sectional drawings show the configuration of typical Visibility Cab units:

West. Vis. Cab end

West. Vis. Cab top

West. Vis. Cab side
(Drawings from TRAIN SHED CYCLOPEDIA #43

Here is MTM's text on B-71:

[I have NOT checked this against the Westinghouse specs, below; they should match.]

Armco B-71 Westinghouse "Visibility Cab" Switcher

Armco B-71 is one of a handful of diesel locomotives built by Westinghouse during the
formative years of diesel-electric locomotive technology. As such, it represents an
evolutionary step between boxcab locomotives like MTM's Dan Patch 100 and more
functional designs such as EMD's NW-2.

Westinghouse Electric And Manufacturing Co. (WEMCO) had been a major supplier of traction motors and electrical gear for electric locomotives for decades, so when a market developed for diesel-electrics (which could be thought of as electrics with their own built-in power plants), it was only natural for Westinghouse to enter the fray. As with the company's straight electrics, the trucks and bodies were subcontracted to the Baldwin Locomotive Works. The prime movers were licensed Beardmore designs.

In November 1930, Westinghouse delivered a 70-ton, Oil-Electric locomotive for switching service, road number B-71, to the American Rolling Mill Co. (ARMCO) Columbia Division in Butler, Pennsylvania. The order number was 61401. From the frame down, it was almost identical to B-70 which was a box-cab design intended to compete with Ingersol-Rand products. Above the frame, the carbody had been redesigned to offer the engineer better visibility from a raised position. According to WEMCO advertising from 1930: Single Power Plant Oil Electric Locomotives 300 and 400 hp The Westinghouse 300-hp and 400-hp single power plant locomotives each consist of a single cab mounted on swivel trucks having an elevated engineman's compartment at one end. The engine-generator unit and accessories are contained in a hood forming the remainder of the cab, which has recessed side walls to provide visibility for the operator. In the engineman's compartment, windows on all sides and Westinghouse dual control enable the operator to move from one side to the other at any time while continually having the locomotive under complete control. The hood contains the engine-generator unit, its supply tanks, control apparatus, battery box, and supply cabinet. All of these items except the engine-generator unit and water tank are located under the recessed portions of the side walls, thus providing free aisle spaces on all sides of the engine. The fuel tanks are mounted horizontally at a height sufficient to afford gravity feed to the engine. The cooling radiators are mounted vertically on the sides and the front at the upper end of the hood with a vertical blower arranged to draw air through the sections. The water tank is mounted vertically on the hood end sheet directly below the radiators so all water will drain inside the cab on engine shut-down. Sand boxes are located at the four outer corners of the cab, affording direct flow to the wheels. The muffler is recessed in the hood roof directly over each engine. Compressors and air tanks are mounted between trucks on the underframe. Safety platforms, switchman's steps and headlights are provided at each end of the locomotive. The hood has windows in each side and a door in each end, the rear door leading to the engineman's compartment which also has an end escape door. A few interesting notes about the WEMCO advertising: The 300-hp and 400-hp engines were almost identical. The 300-hp followed the Beardmore design, while the 400-hp had a larger bore and higher RPM. The box-cab heritage is evident in their description of the "engineman's compartment" and the "hood" together forming the cab - which in preceding designs was a single enclosure. The Westinghouse dual-control is an interesting sight. It consists of a standard brake stand and trolley-like controller under the floor, connected to two control stands above the floor by connecting rods and cables. Their claim of the engineman being able to switch seats without loosing control is reasonable - in the box-cab design he would be obliged to get up and walk around the engine-generator to the opposite corner of the locomotive. There is a typo in the third-to-last paragraph by referring to "each engine." The last four paragraphs are almost identical to the advertising of the 600-hp and 800-hp models, which consisted of two mechanical packages in two hoods arranged back-to-back around a centered engineman's compartment - much like a later Baldwin center-cab or a GE 44-tonner. The illustrations (not duplicated here) show a coal stove and coal bin in the cab for heat. As built, B-71 looked slightly more streamlined than it does today. The corner sand boxes originally looked like extensions of the hood's shoulders. At some point their height was reduced about a foot - probably not for aesthetic reasons. B-71's as-built specs were: Total weight of unit - 146,200 lb. Classification of wheels - B-B Weight per driving axle - 36,550 lb. Number of driving axles - 4 Starting tractive effort (30% adhesion) - 43,860 lb. Maximum starting tractive effort - 67,000 lb. Tractive effort - continuous rating - 20,000 lb. Maximum safe speed - 35 mph. Track gauge - 4 ft., 8 1/2 in. Total wheel base - 25 ft., 8 in. Rigid wheel base - 8 ft., 0 in. Length overall (coupler knuckles) - 36 ft., 7 in. Length of cab - 5 ft., 6 in. Width overall - 10 ft., 2 in. Overall height of locomotive - 14 ft., 9 in. Diameter of drivers - 38 in. Engines per cab - 1 - Westinghouse Type and fuel - Solid injection - oil Cylinders - 6 Cycle - 4 stroke Rating - 300 hp. at 800 rpm. Generator - 1 - type 477-B, 625 volts, d-c, direct-connected to oil engine Auxilary generator - 1 - type YG-15-A-2 Number and type of motor - 4 - type 582-FE-6 Gear ratio - 15:70 Control - Electro-pneumatic, dual control, series-parallel, parallel. Automatic loading of engine by torque control Battery - 64 volts, 204 amp.-hr. Compressors - 2 - type D-3-F Radiators - Force cooled with automatic control Number of this type of unit placed in service - 1 Year placed in service - 1930 Over the years some modifications have taken place. The original engine was replaced with a 400-hp Hamilton 68-5A 6-cylinder engine, and the corner sand boxes, which were the same height as the shoulders, have been shortened. B-71 is believed to have served the Cadillac & Lake City in Michigan prior to being acquired by MTM (in 1985?). Of 11 single-engine "Visibility Cab" units built, at least two (ARMCO B-71 and B-73) survive. B-73 is in operating condition. Predecessor ARMCO B-70 is also said to survive in Atlanta, Georgia. Although unrestored and not very attractive as is, B-71 is remarkably complete, and could conceivably be made operable again. At present MTM is considering a cosmetic restoration. Sources: 1."The Second Diesel Spotter's Guide" by Jerry A. Pinkepank; data p. MISC-407 - MISC-411. 2."Oil Electric Locomotives and Rail Cars" (WEMCO - reprinted in TRAIN SHED CYCLOPEDIA No.43); data p2-3, data & photo p19.

Here is the 1930 Westinghouse catalog data for #B-71:

Although there is no copyright notice anywhere in the issue, I want it perfectly clear
that this material comes directly from TRAIN SHED CYCLOPEDIA issue #43, edited only minimally.

[I have NOT checked this against MTM's specs, above; they should match.]


"Diesel and Oil Electrics from Westinghouse (1930) and Ingersoll-Rand (1936)"
64 Full-Size Pages Reprinted from the Original Catalogs - Newton K. Gregg, publisher, March 1976

Oil Electric Locomotive Data

American Rolling Mill Co.
Butler, Pennsylvania

70 - Ton
Oil Electric Locomotive
for Switching Service

(Road Number B-71)

{Full specifications in exact Westinghouse format:}
Total Weight of unit                                                146,200 lb.
Classification of wheels                                            B-B
Weight on drivers                                                   36,550 lb.
Number of driving axles                                             4
Maximum starting tractive effort (30% adhesion)                     43,860 lb.
Tractive effort - continuous rating                                 20,000 lb.
Maximum safe speed                                                  35 mph.
Track gauge                                                          4  ft.,  8 in.
Total wheel base                                                    25  ft.,  8  in.
Rigid wheel base                                                     8  ft.,  0  in.
Length overall (coupler knuckles)                                   36  ft.,  7 in.
Length of cab                                                        5  ft.,  6  in.
Width overall                                                       10  ft.,  2  in.
Overall height of locomotive                                        14  ft., 11  in.
Diameter of drivers                                                          38  in.
Engines per cab                                                      1 - Westinghouse
Type and fuel                                                       Solid injection - oil
Cylinders                                                            6
Cycle                                                                4 stroke
Rating                                                              300 hp. at 800 rpm.
Generator                           1 - type 477, 625-volt, d-c., direct-connected to oil engine.
Auxiliary generator                                                 1 - type YG-15-A-2
Number and type of motor                                            4 - type 582-FE-6
Gear ratio                                                         15:70
Control       Electro-pneumatic, single-end, multiple unit, series-parallel.  Automatic control
    of engine putput by torque governor
Battery                                                            64 volts, 204 amp.-hr.
Compressors                                                         2 - type D-3-F
Radiators                                           Force cooled with automatic control.
Number of this type of unit furnished                               1
Year placed in service                                             1930

Gopher State Railway Museum Photos of ARMCO B-71 at MTM:

B71 MTM 1
Armco B-71 locomotive outside of Minnesota Transportation Museum.

B71 MTM 2
Armco B-71 locomotive outside of Minnesota Transportation Museum.

B71 MTM 3
As you can see the locomotive needs a lot of help.

B71 MTM 4
Inside the engine compartment.

B71 MTM 5
The control cab.

B71 MTM 6
You can see the engineers seat in the background.

B71 MTM 7
This is the door to the engine compartment.

Engine compartment.
[Photos and captions (adapted) from Gopher State Railway Museum site - all rights reserved to GSRM]

(What a mess; but you have to admit, it's really a colorful loco!)

Speaking of colorful, and of the Cadillac and Lake City (noted above in the MTM text), "believed" is no longer the operative word; Tom Gloger sent me this shot (ca. Aug 2004) "When I was visiting the Cadillac & Lake City in [late July] 1968 - - - I stuck my flash camera in the door, took a few pictures in random directions, and left.  When the film was developed, I had one shot of a bulgy orange and black object that didn't look like anything I'd seen before."):

(photo by and courtesy of T. Gloger - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed image - click on picture for larger image]

Armco B-71 in shop at Cadillac & Lake City, Jul 1968.

"Bulgy orange and black object", indeed!  It may not be much of a documentary shot, but it sure is historically definitive and most colorful, with B-71 and that assortment of paint cans and such arising out of the stygian gloom, not to mention the suspended two-bulb 8' fluorescent light fixture.  Neat artwork for a blind grab shot; thanks, Tom!

On Net buddy Mark Laundry's The Yard Limit, I ran across Andy Inserra's June 2002 photo of ARMCO B-71 at the Minnesota Transportation Museum:   added (07 Jul 2019)

(Jun 2002 photo by and courtesy of M. Laundry/A. Inserra - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed image - click on picture for larger image]

Armco B-71 at MTM, Jun 2019.

See also the other surviving Westinghouse Visibility Cab - ARMCO B-73!

This page is STILL under construction - please bear with me.



  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.

There are now more than seventy-five (75) BOXCAB pages;
see the full INDEX, now on a separate page.


See Copyright Notice on primary home page.

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To tour the Boxcabs pages in sequence, the arrows take you from the Boxcabs index page to this first Boxcabs page, to continuation pages 3 and up, then 100-tonner LIRR #401 and her sisters, survivor boxcabs (with map) and survivor notes, survivor CNJ #1000 (the very first), Ingersoll-Rand boxcabs (with instruction manual), other (non-ALCo/GE/I-R) boxcabs, Baldwin-Westinghouse boxcabs, odd boxcabs, and finally model boxcabs.

{Not inserted into the Boxcabs Tour sequence, yet.}

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