S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page keywords = Berlinerwerke railroad model stories tall tales apocrypha PRR Pennsy Pensylvania "

Updated:   23 Jan 2011, 18:50:  ET
[Page created 15 May 2003; converted 23 Jan 2011
    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
Update info on the top on ALL pages for your convenience.

URL:  http://sbiii.com/bw-apoc.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/bw-apoc.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher



note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.


S. Berliner, III's

Berlinerwerke Script

(Berlinerwerke)
sbiii.com

Apocrypha Continuation Page


THE BERLINERWERKE APOCRYPHA

BW Key

This page sponsored jointly (lots of 'em) by the
National Railway Hysterical Society
and the
National Muddle Railroad Association.


(Lighten up - they're spoofs!)

[See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga
    and Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha (for taller tales?):
    NORTHEAST CORRIDOR FREIGHT ENGINES.
    LEWELLEN NORTHERN GARRATTS.
    CSXT AC100CBW and NSC CB100W-10 10,000 horsepower locos!
    Also, see the fabled BW DDP45 and other EMD engines EMD may never have dreamed of!]

Insanity doesn't run in my family, it just sort of dawdles along.


Because the Apocrypha and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages, they are now presented in full on a separate Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index).


Updated:  [Ref:  This is bw-apoc4.html   (URL http://home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/bw-apoc4.html )]

S. Berliner, III's

Berlinerwerke Script

(Berlinerwerke)

Apocrypha Continuation Page 4

Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"
Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher

This site has now been visited times since the counter was installed.


THE BERLINERWERKE APOCRYPHA

(continued)

BW Key

This page sponsored jointly (lots of 'em) by the
National Railway Hysterical Society
and the
National Muddle Railroad Association.


(Lighten up - they're spoofs!)

[See also the main Berlinerwerke Apocrypha page and Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation page 2, and Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation page 3, as well as the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga
    and Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha (for taller tales?).
    Also, see the fabled BW DDP45 and other EMD engines EMD may never have dreamed of!]

Insanity doesn't run in my family, it just sort of dawdles along.


Because the Apocrypha and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages, they are now presented in full on a separate Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index).   new.gif (03 Oct 06)

INDEX

On the main Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Page:
  Eerie Multiplex 2-4-6-8-10-12, "Old 9999".
  PRR/BW DD3 Boxcab Triple-Power Diesel-Electric Locomotive 2-B+3-3+3-3+B-2.
  PRR Z6s Arctic 4-2-2.
  Berliners Bessere Biffi und Biffisch.

On Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Page 1:
  GC&E #13 13-truck Shay!  (moved to this page 23 Mar 03)
  4-Truck Heisler V8
  Steam Motorcars

On the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 2:
  PRR V1 Rocky 4-14-2 {moved from preceding page 07 Mar 99}.
  BW V2 Hiss Bomb.
  PRR Genesis Engine (unlikely!).
  PRR Centipede Engine 4-D-D-4 (even more unlikely, but oh, 'tis true, 'tis true!).
  "Big Hooker" double-ended 250-ton Tunnel Crane
    and new pix of NYC 2x120-ton prototype.
  Super Garratt, BW-UP Garratt Boy, and BW-UP Bigger Boy.

On the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 3:
  BW Climaxiii (moved here from page 1 on 19 Apr 03)
  Double-Sided Shays.
  Piker and Oscar (moved from main BW Apocrypha page 12 Dec 03 and again to page 3 on 18 Jan 04).

On this Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Page 4:
  Soviet Class AA20 4-14-4!
  Parker Parodies - loco research by Karen Parker  (moved to BW Guest Apocrypha Page 2 on 16 Jan 04).
  Pennsy Multiplex - the fabled Wopsononock Class YNOT 2-4-6-8-10-12.
  BW/Lima/C&O T-6 4-14-6 Doppelgänger.
  BW/PRR Zoo 4-14-6 Doppelgänger.
  BW-EMD F-45 and FP-45 Variations

On the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 5:
  BW/PRR ASs 0-4-4-0 Articulated Switcher.

On the Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha Page 1:
  NORTHEAST CORRIDOR FREIGHT ENGINES.
  LEWELLEN NORTHERN GARRATTS
  CSXT AC100CBW and NSC CB100W-10 10,000 horsepower locos!
  EMD SW-13 Switchers

On the Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha Page 2:
  Parker Parodies - loco research by Karen Parker
    (moved from this page to the BW Guest Apocrypha Page 2 on 16 Jan 04).

Because the Apocrypha and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages, they are now presented in full on a separate Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index).


Before I continue, I should note that all this started with a secret project that is still unfinished and the next major development of the Berlinerwerke was their fabled DDP45:

DDP45

For more about her and her family, see my EMD page and BW-EMD F-45 and FP-45 Variations, below.


Soviet Class AA20 4-14-4!

Doug Self from the U.K., who's been so helpful on these pages, has a page on oddball Stalinist-era Soviet loco locos, one of which is the fabled SEVEN-COUPLED 4-14-4!  Yes, Virginia, there IS a 4-14-4 (or was)!

AA20 4-14-4
(photo courtesy of D. Self - all rights reserved.)

Doug says that this is one of the very few pictures of the AA20-01 4-14-4 locomotive.

Doug's text accompanying the picture runs as follows (edited slightly):

Russian railways were in almost constant crisis in the 1930s, mainly as a result of under-resourcing and political interference; problems were to be solved using new and radical ideas, promoted by non-technical commissars and theoreticians.  The results were unfortunate, to say the least.

Stalin's Locomotive:
the Class AA20-1 of 1934
the amazing 4-14-4

According to Bell (1946), construction of this notorious design was started at the Krupp works in Essen, to a Soviet design as a 2-14-4, but was then transferred to Lugansk, where a four-wheel leading truck {bogie} replaced the two-wheel pony truck, and it emerged in Dec 1934.  It became famous as the largest non-articulated locomotive in Europe, and in particular for having the most coupled axles in the world.  A few countries produced 12-coupled designs, but nobody else tried fourteen.  It was intended for heavy haulage on light (78 lb/yd) {26 lb/ft} rails, with a modest loading of 20 {metric} tons per axle, on the Moscow-Donbass route.  (The "20" in AA-20 refers to 20 {metric} tonnes per axle.)  It made a successful trip to Moscow in Jan 1935 for publicity, but never entered service and no details are available about trial runs.

In an (unsuccessful) attempt to get the AA-20 to negotiate curves, the middle three axles had blind {flangeless} drivers, and universal joints were included in the side rods between the first and second, and the sixth and seventh, axles.

It was clear (though never publicly admitted) that the AA20 was a complete disaster.  It spread the track, wrecked every set of points it passed over, and derailed almost every time it moved.  Steaming was poor and the locomotive too powerful for existing couplers and too long for the turntables.  After 1935, it was stored for 25 years at the Shcherbinka test facility and finally scrapped in 1960.

Here is a side elevation drawing (with English notation):

AA20 4-14-4
(drawing courtesy of D. Self - all rights reserved.)
[Thumbnail drawing - click on the image for a larger drawing.]

Note the enormous firebox for burning low-quality coal.

Thanks for sharing all this, Doug!

Doug's page shows other Soviet locos so weird as to defy belief, but they're real, click here to take a look, but do come back, please.  You will see (or, in the 1940 case, just read about):

    THE 1949 OR23-01 OPPOSED-PISTON STEAM LOCOMOTIVE.

    TEPLOPAROVOZ! THE 1939 8000 2-8-2 OPPOSED-PISTON STEAM-DIESEL LOCOMOTIVE.

"Teploparovoz" is Russian for "Diesel-Steam"; this loco used the Still Steam-
Diesel system, in which the outer faces of the pistons were acted on by steam and
the inner faces by internal combustion!

    TEPLOPAROVOZ! THE 1940 TP1-1 2-10-2 OPPOSED-PISTON STEAM-GAS LOCOMOTIVE.

[Coming soon.]

    TEPLOPAROVOZ! THE 1948 8001 2-10-2 OPPOSED-PISTON STEAM-DIESEL LOCOMOTIVE.

This was the third and last teploparovoz prototype to be built and has been
described as "almost a complete disaster"!

Yet the Russki Ridiculosities described thereon were real (really ridiculous), like the camel (a horse designed by a committee - or was it the elephant?)!


Parker Parodies - Karen Parker has an absolutely fantastic site, PixelMagic, which is truly spectacular and is a MUST SEE!, with most original locomotives, á lā BW and Ersatz Motive, but mostly made for the C&O.  Just for example, a fabulous Ely-Thomas Twin-Vee-Twin Climax appears on the BW Guest Apocrypha Page 2.  However, she has made several egregious errors on C&O locos; these have been corrected on Guest Page 2.  Projects in which the BW played no part or only a minor rôle and which appeal to me appear there; BW locomotives or ones in which the BW was heavily involved will continue to appear here.

{I may have messed up some links and references in this transfer;
please advise me if I did so.


Pennsy Multiplex

The fabled Wopsononock Class YNOT 2-4-6-8-10-12

During World War II, the incessant pounding of mainline freights over the Horseshoe Curve caused the track to slip inward, tightening the curvature and threatening to cause serious derailments and interruption of the flow of critical war materiel.  Even constant high-speed troop and passenger consists, pushing outward and tending against this tendency, could not offset the inexorable inward drift of the trackage.  Hearing of this dire predicament, the BW's irrepressible Ira Ersatz suggested that the old Eerie Trippplllex [the "O. D. Ball" Malllet Articklllated, Class Y-2b (or not 2b)] be resurrected for its nasty habit of straightening the rails.  His more serious brother, George Ersatz, instantly seized on the idea; why not?  Thus, the concept for the most incredible steam locomotive of all time, capable of outpulling any single locomotive ever built, as well as double- or triple-headers, the Pennsy's fabled Wopsononock Class YNOT 2-4-6-8-10-12 was born.  Design sketches were submitted to the PRR and the U. S. Railway Administration and were accepted almost immediately.  The War Production Board allocated sufficient quantities of high-tensile steel and the Berlinerwerke's Cresson facility, working at top priority with the Pennsy's Altoona and Juniata shops fabricated this most extraordinary loco in a remarkably short time.

We have the resourceful and redoubtable Karen Parker (above), in conjunction with the ever-helpful Berlinerwerke Art Department, to thank for this builder's photo of the Wopsononock:

PRR/BW Multplex
(13 Jan 04 image by and © copyright K. Parker and S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed image - click on picture for larger image]

Learning from the Eerie's mistakes, the locomotive, utilizing the best Pennsy practice of the time, was rated for 300psi of steam, supplied by a massive firebox fed by tandem Standard HT stokers.  Ira's most innovative idea, reduced to effective practice by the ever-efficient George, was to have a canteen (auxiliary tender) semi-permanently-coupled by a drawbar and fitted with a conduit to the rear of the tender and an automatic pump operated by water level detectors in the tender cistern such that the tender cistern was always topped off, thus maintaining traction on the rear engine.  This did away with the regrettable tendency of the rear (third) engine of triplexes to slip as the water in the tender was depleted.  In addition, steam from the third engine exhausted through the tender cistern and that from the fourth (tender) engine through the cistern of the canteen, thus preventing either cistern from freezing in severe winter weather.  To supply sufficient water to the huge boiler, twin feedwater pumps and lifting injectors were fitted, as was a special, oversized Worthington Type SA feedwater heater, mounted between the twin stacks and the forward sand box on the boiler top.

To hold the weight of the giant main cistern, the tender was fitted with a unique twelve-wheel radial trailing (if one can call it that) truck with ALCo lateral motion devices on the two axles at each end.  In addition, to guarantee sufficient starting tractive effort, a novel set of small steam turbines was fitted to each of the six axles of the tender trailing truck, exhausting out of a smaller stack behind the stack for the third engine at the rear of the tender cistern deck.

The canteen was basically the cistern ends of two 250P84 tenders butted together.

Although fitted with standard Pennsy claw-foot markers and a brow-mounted headlight, the locomotive also had a steerable auxiliary headlight mounted on the pilot deck and connected by an ingenious linkage to the pilot truck such that it projected its beam around the curves.  The locomotive was set up for high-speed passenger service, sporting dual generators to handle the load, but was never utilized in that mode.  For freight service, George Ersatz came up with another innovation aimed at cold-weather; the usual PRR freight doghouse was a torture chamber for brakies in sub-zero temperatures, even though fitted with a steam heater, so George utilized the enormous space behind the firebox to make a double-sized cab with room for the conductor's desk and for the brakeman, cantilevered out over the fourth engine's cylinders.

To supply enough air for all those engines and overlength trains, two sets of duplexed Westinghouse 8½" 150-S (high-pressure) cross-compound air compressors are mounted, with one set on each side to balance the weight.

Departing from tradition, stuffy Pennsy Motive Power management, prodded heavily by the PR Department, assigned a five-digit number, 10000, to the loco.

Happily for humanity, the war ended before the YNOT could really strut its stuff, but the runs it did make over the Horseshoe Curve showed that it was both exceedingly effective in straightening curved rail and able to pull as hard as (and harder than) drawbars and coupler knuckles and knuckle pins could handle.  Rapid post-war dieselization side-lined this wonderful beast; her final disposition is yet unknown.


BW/Lima/C&O T-6 4-14-6 Doppelgänger

When Ira Ersatz got wind of the C&O 4-14-6 T-5 (photo repeated here),

Lima/C&O T-5 4-14-6
(07 Jan 04 image by K. Parker - all rights reserved)
[This image required minor rework by the BW Art Dept.]

he got a brainstorm which the ever-practical George Ersatz reduced to practice in the form of design sketches he presented to Lima and C&O management.  They liked the concept and gave the BW a vote of confidence and a go-ahead in the form of a contract to erect one experimental loco, also a 4-14-6, to be classed T-6 and given road number 5500.  Ira's idea, which he dubbed the Berlinerwerke Doppelgänger ("Double"), was to double the length of the cylinders and piston rod, bore the forward portion of the cylinders out 1" oversize, fit the rear piston, slide a diaphragm plate with a standard (if double-sided) rod gland inside, butted against the back of the overbore, and then slide in a ½" thick sleeve to bring the bore back to normal diameter, fit the forward piston, and bolt on the normal cylinder front.  Similar arrangements were made to the piston valves and dual steam delivery pipes and stacks were placed in the lengthened smokebox.  Of course, a pilot truck with a longer wheelbase and heavier journals was required.  The BW/Lima/C&O T-6 4-14-6 Doppelgänger, then (a builder's photo):

BW/Lima/C&O T-6 4-14-6 Doppelgänger
(16 Jan 04 image by and © 2004 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
{There's that favored photo location, again!}

This produced twice the normal thrust but the War Production Board, always willing to help the BW in its outstanding efforts to enhance the war effort, released sufficient quantities of high-strength steel, and greatly strengthened main and side rods and wrist pins were easily able to accomodate the load.

The Doppelgänger was enormously successful, although a bit rough on couplers, draftgear, and tires, so much so that the normally-reactionary Pennsylvania Railroad ordered a similar unit (which we finally have been able to trace), but rapid postwar dieselization doomed it, also.  Its disposition is unknown.

A parallel C&O development, one which was far outstripped by the Doppelgänger, was the U-2 4-10-6, later known as the Withuhn Configuration, shown on the Guest page.


The Pennsylvania Railroad Class Zoo 4-14-6 Dopplegänger #10001

I had really hoped we could track down that Pennsy unit and, lo and behold, it turned up (amazing)!  First, Karen Parker found this Streamstyled version but she was way off on that; that was a later design study but was never actually adopted:

PRR 4-14-6 Doppelgänger study
(17 Jan 04 image by K. Parker - all rights reserved)
{Very-slightly enhanced by the BW Art Dept.}

Some diligent further searching uncovered the actual Pennsy unit, classified in the Z-series (which had been assigned to experimental units) as Class Zoo and assigned road number 10001 (following the precedent of the Multiplex, whch is exactly what the Motive Power people feared):

PRR Zoo 4-14-6 Doppelgänger
(18 Jan 04 image by and © 2004 K. Parker/S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

The Zoo was quite a beast; unkind wags said that the sub-class letters "oo" stood for "outlandish and outrageous"!  This loco never did get tested at Altoona; it had too many connected driving wheelsets for the Test Plant!  In tests out on the road, it performed far better than expected and was found to handle the Horseshoe Curve quite well at drag speed and was acceptable for passenger service if held down to 60mph on the Curve.  Serial production was being set in work when dieselization reared its bland, characterless head.


Piker and Oscar

[Moved from main BW Apocrypha page 12 Dec 03] and again to page 3 on 18 Jan 04).


DD3 and BW-EMD F-45 and FP-45 Variations

Over and above the infamous DDP-45, the BW came up with many variations on the basic F-45 and FP-45 diesel locos (and I do mean loco); they are listed on the EMD page and I'll repeat the list here, with photos (unfinished and, in some cases, badly blurred but you'll get the idea); I had never intended showing these to anyone until they were finished but that started 20 years ago or so and some are shown on my BW Saga pages so as long as I was at it taking a photo of version 2 of the DD3, I went down to the layout and took rough shots of the unfinished BW diesels (those based on the F/FP-45), as well.

DD3 - original version:
orig DD3

DD3 - substitute version (squashed DD1s):
2nd DD3

F-4.5 (0-B-0):   rev.gif (20 Dec 03)
F-4.5

FP-4.5 (0-C-0):
FP-4.5

F-45B (C-C):
F-45B

F-50 (C-C):
F-50

FP-50 (C-C):
FP50

DDP-45 (D-D) (as above):
DDP45

DDP-50 (C-C+C-C) - cobbered up:
DDP-50 cobber

DDP-50 (C-C+C-C) - shop trucks (wood chassis):
DDP50 shop trucks

DDP-50 (C-C+C-C) - chassis:
DDP-50 chassis

TDP-45 (C+C+C+C):
TDP-45
[Dec 03 (except old DD3 and DDP-45) images by and © 2003 SB,III - all rights reserved]

Gotta get me some working full-width diaphragms for the TDP-45!

The F-4.5 shot was badly blurred and not worth the effort to reshoot but I did, anyway.  Some of those bodies were put together with Testor's lemon (non-hydrocarbon) cement and have fallen apart.  The F-4.5 and DDP-50 chassis have yet to be cut to fit.

The box with the FP-90MAC (C-C) unfinished chassis and body, which had gone missing, turned up in Dec 2007 and I got a spare SD-90MAC shell; now I have to get busy!   rev.gif (31 Jan 08)

Note that I added missing hyphens/dashes to the BW-EMD classes
but not to the DD3 (the PRR did not use hyphens/dashes).



Because the Apocrypha and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages, they are now presented in full on a separate Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index).

See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga
    and Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha (for taller tales?).
    Also, see the fabled BW DDP45 and other EMD engines EMD may never have dreamed of!


Have I ever told you that there are many Web sites and fora and chats and such that have very serious discussions about the relative merits of DDP-45, the Z6s, and these other loco locos vis-ā-vis the Big Boy, etc.!  Doncha just love it!


More tales will follow.

[See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga.]


If you like this sort of nonsense, take a gander at Jim Wells' incredible Whitby Locomotive Works; Jim's overall Fantasonics "Model Railroad Magic Website" has become too complex for me to navigate.  Unfortunately, the AW NUTS Magazine, site of the A.W. N.U.T.S. Garden Railway Society is no longer available, nor are Lion Air (I'd be Lion if I didn't warn you to keep your tongue in your cheek on this one!) or D. Dickens' The Patiala State Monorail Tramway site (whooie - and it's for real)!


You may wish to visit the Railroad Continuation Page, et seq.


Because the Apocrypha and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages, they are now presented in full on a separate Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index).

[See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga.]

I always wondered at the incredibly tight security at the Berlinerwerke during WWII; now it can be told!  See, for starters, the wild site of Sig Case, Rails to the Stars - Steam in Space, files from the National Aeronautics and Steam Administration and the tie-in to the Berlinerwerke V1 on Apocrypha Page 2.


See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga
  and Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha (for taller tales?):
    NORTHEAST CORRIDOR FREIGHT ENGINES.
    LEWELLEN NORTHERN GARRATTS.
    CSXT AC100CBW and NSC CB100W-10 10,000 horsepower locos!
  Also, see the fabled BW DDP45 and other EMD engines EMD may never have dreamed of!


If you like this sort of nonsense, take a gander at Jim Wells' incredible Whitby Locomotive Works; Jim's overall Fantasonics "Model Railroad Magic Website" has become too complex for me to navigate.  Unfortunately, the AW NUTS Magazine, site of the A.W. N.U.T.S. Garden Railway Society is no longer available, nor are Lion Air (I'd be Lion if I didn't warn you to keep your tongue in your cheek on this one!) or D. Dickens' The Patiala State Monorail Tramway site (whooie - and it's for real)!



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LEGACY

  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

See Copyright Notice on primary home page.



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