S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 6 keywords = Berlinerwerke railroad model stories tall tales apocrypha PRR Pennsy Pensylvania

Updated:   29 Oct 2016; 22:55  ET
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    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
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URL:  http://sbiii.com/bw-apoc6.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/bw-apoc6.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
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Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
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note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.


S. Berliner, III's

Berlinerwerke Script

(Berlinerwerke)
sbiii.com

Apocrypha Continuation Page 6


THE BERLINERWERKE APOCRYPHA

BW Key

This page sponsored jointly (lots of 'em) by the
National Railway Hysterical Society
and the
National Muddle Railroad Association.


(Lighten up - they're spoofs!)

[See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga
    and Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha (for taller tales?):
    NORTHEAST CORRIDOR FREIGHT ENGINES.
    LEWELLEN NORTHERN GARRATTS.
    CSXT AC100CBW and NSC CB100W-10 10,000 horsepower locos!
    Also, see the fabled BW DDP45 and other EMD engines EMD may never have dreamed of!]

Insanity doesn't run in my family, it just sort of dawdles along.


Because the BW Apocrypha, RSR (Ruhnian State Railways) Apocrypha, and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages and the main Apocrypha index, they are now presented in full on separate pages; the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index) and the RSR Apocrypha Index.


Before I start, I should note that all this started with a secret project that is still unfinished and the next major development of the Berlinerwerke was their fabled DDP45:

DDP45

For more about her and her family, see my EMD page.


INDEX

On the main Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Page:
  Eerie Multiplex 2-4-6-8-10-12, "Old 9999".
  PRR/BW DD3 Boxcab Triple-Power Diesel-Electric Locomotive 2-B+3-3+3-3+B-2.
  PRR Z6s Arctic 4-2-2.
  Berliners Bessere Biffi und Biffisch.

On Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Page 0:
  PRR/BW DD3 Boxcab Triple-Power Diesel-Electric Locomotive 2-B+3-3+3-3+B-2. (moved from main BW Apocrypha Page on 11 Oct 04).
  Berliners Bessere Biffi und Biffisch (moved from main BW Apocrypha Page on 11 Oct 04).
  Genesis Redivivus!.
  BW-BLW-GE-WEC-PRR GG2.

On Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Page 1:
  GC&E #13 13-truck Shay!

(moved to this page 23 Mar 03)
  4-Truck Heisler V8
  Steam Motorcars

On the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 2:
  PRR V1 Rocky 4-14-2 {moved from preceding page 07 Mar 99}.
  BW V2 Hiss Bomb.
  PRR Genesis Engine (unlikely!).
  PRR Centipede Engine 4-D-D-4 (even more unlikely, but oh, 'tis true, 'tis true!).
  "Big Hooker" double-ended 250-ton Tunnel Crane

and new pix of NYC 2x120-ton prototype.
  Super Garratt, BW-UP Garratt Boy, and BW-UP Bigger Boy.

On the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 3:
  BW Climaxiii (moved here from page 1 on 19 Apr 03)
  Double-Sided Shays.
  Piker and Oscar (moved from main BW Apocrypha page 12 Dec 03 and again to page 3 on 18 Jan 04).

On the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 4:
  Soviet Class AA20 4-14-4!
  Parker Parodies - loco research by Karen Parker

(moved to BW Guest Apocrypha Page 2 on 16 Jan 04).
  Pennsy Multiplex - the fabled Wopsononock Class YNOT 2-4-6-8-10-12.
  BW/Lima/C&O T-6 4-14-6 Doppelgänger.
  BW/PRR Zoo 4-14-6 Doppelgänger.
  BW-EMD F-45 and FP-45 Variations.

On the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 5:
  BW/PRR ASS 0-4-4-0 Articulated Switcher.
  BW/PRR GBBG1 4-C-C+C-C-4.
  BW/PRR E44, E22, and E11 Electrics.
  BW/EMD GM6c, GM4b, GM2a.
  BW/PRR RCCR1 4-D+D-D+D-4 "Millipede".
  BW/PRR BP120 4-D-D+D-D+D-D+D-D-4 "Millipede II".

On this Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Page 6:
  BW/Baldwin/PRR Oil-Fired Turbine-Electric Class CCCC.  [Moved from page 5 on 11 Oct 04]
  BW/Baldwin/PRR Class T3 Oil-Fired Cab-Forward.
  BW/Baldwin/PRR Class T4 Oil-Fired Cab-Forward Double Duplex.   new.gif (26 Feb 08)
  BW/Baldwin/Virginian 2-4-6-8-10-12 Multiplex.
  Improved BW/Baldwin/Virginian 2-4-6-8-10-12 Multiplex.   new.gif (31 Jan 08)
  The ELEGARNT (Elegant Energy-Efficient Elephant-Garratt)
  12,000HP SD90MAC2.
  ALCo-GE-BW FPA-1.

On the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 7:

  9,000HP GE-BW Turbine (B-B+B-B)-(B-B+B-B)-T.
  9,000HP UP Turbine (B-B+B-B)-T-(B-B+B-B).
  12,000HP GE-BW Turbine (C-C+C-C)-(C-C+C-C)-T.

On the Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha Page 1:
  NORTHEAST CORRIDOR FREIGHT ENGINES.
  LEWELLEN NORTHERN GARRATTS
  CSXT AC100CBW and NSC CB100W-10 10,000 horsepower locos!
  EMD SW-13 Switchers

On the Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha Page 2:
  Parker Parodies - loco research by Karen Parker

(moved from this page to the BW Guest Apocrypha Page 2 on 16 Jan 04).

Because the Apocrypha and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages, they are now presented in full on a separate Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index).




BW/Baldwin PRR BW/Baldwin/PRR Oil-Fired Turbine-Electric Class CCCC

[Moved from page 5 on 11 Oct 2004]

The Pennsy had a terrible time with their S2 steam turbine #6200, a really bad design, and neither the N&W's #2300 Jawn Henry nor the C&O's M-1s #501, 502, and 503 were that much better.

However, Ira Ersatz had a brainstorm while watching tests of the Jawn Henry and, after a quick confab with brother George, they approached the Pennsy's Motive Power Department with a proposal that was quickly accepted.  The Berlinerwerke staff worked extra hard on this project, in conjunction with Baldwin and Altoona.

Basically, Pennsy enginemen balked at the incredible length of loco they'd have to look along if the PRR went along with the other designs and the Pennsy wanted an oil burner, anyway, so the cab didn't have to be back by the firebox which had to be near the tender.  Instead, they went with the N&W concept but put the firebox and cab up front, put a huge fuel tank in the space where the ash hopper had been, and raised the tender to accomodate an enormous tankage of water (necessitating four-axle trucks).  The oil and water tankage allowed the locomotive to run the full length of PRR trackage without pit stops and the huge cab, with bunks, a kitchenette, and a john in the nose, accomodated two crews working in shifts so no crew changes were required en route.  The PRR wanted a high-speed, dual-service unit with a full cowl for passenger service.  Raymond Loewy got into the act and he and Baldwin specified, and the PRR readily approved, grafting a standard shark cab (raised to fit the huge turbine body and split so the pilot stayed with the lead span bolster).

George adopted the idea from the PRR Multiplex 2-4-6-8-10-12 of shifting water into the locomotive's fuel tank (by means of internal bladders to avoid cross-contamination) to make up for the loss of weight, and therefore tractive effort, as fuel was consumed.  The tremendous extra weight of liquid gave the locomotive far more tractive effort than the Jawn Henry, well over 200,000 pounds!

George's most significant contribution, though, was to add a small Garrett APU turbine as a sort of exciter-starter.  Whenever it was necessary to idle, the main turbine was motored by the APU instead of gulping vast amounts of fuel, the bugaboo that caused the downfall of all other RR turbine engines, even the UP's.  Throttle response from idle was thus fast and fuel economy was fantastic.  George's concept was so obvious that it caused a lot of flattened foreheads in the trade and the loco, named the "Joe Magarac" [the famed Allegheny steel worker - (pronounced "Mah-gah-ratz'") - for obvious competitive reasons] was wildly successful; however, the rapid onset of dieselization and depletion of oil wells in the state of Pennsylvania left it an orphan.  Its disposition is unknown.

Here then (based on the Jawn Henry and RF-16 Shark drawings on Joshua Moldover's The Railroad Paint Shop) is the BW/Baldwin PRR Oil-Fired Turbine-Electric Class CCCC, the "Turbine II" (nicknamed the "Joe Magarac"):

PRR Joe MagaracOil-Turbine CCCC
(RR Paint Shop images reworked 30 Sep 04 by S. Berliner, III
- all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed - click on the picture for a larger image;
the full image will require significant horizontal scrolling!]

Just for comparison, here's a simplifed copy of Josh's Jawn Henry drawing:

Baldwin N&W Jawn Henry
(RR Paint Shop image reworked 29 Sep 04 by S. Berliner, III
- all rights reserved to The Paint Shop)
[Thumbnailed - click on the picture for a larger image;
the full image will require significant horizontal scrolling!]

{I had erroneously reported the Turbine II as being nicknamed "Paul Bunyan".}

[Something was decidedly odd here; these thumbnails didn't show on my PC clone with Windows 98 Second Edition (with Vector Graphics Rendering loaded) using MS IE Ver. 6, Netscape 7.02, or Mozilla Firefox, although they do in Netscape 4.8, as they do on a new IBM Thinkpad with Windows XP in both IE Ver. 6 and Mozilla Firefox, and the full images take forever to load in IE!  The line work is only one pixel thick, but so is it in several of the above images (GBBG1, GM6c/4b/2a, which were created and processed in the same manner), and they show just fine.]

Well, it seems, according to the late Russ Hass, that Baldwin preferred to use Commonwealth driving trucks, only using the Tri-mounts shown above when "they were unable to obtain Westinghouse traction motors and GE's wouldn't fit in a Commonwealth truck".   rev (29 Oct 2016)

So, I had to search diligently through the Berlinerwerke files and, sure enough (note how it never seems to fail), there was a drawing of the Joe Magarac "Turbine II" with the original Commonwealths:

PRR Joe MagaracOil-Turbine CCCC
(RR Paint Shop images reworked 30 Sep 04 by S. Berliner, III
- all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed - click on the picture for a larger image;
the full image will require significant horizontal scrolling!]


BW/Baldwin/PRR Class T3 Oil-Fired Cab-Forward

The Pennsy briefly considered buying the Pennsylvania Turnpike from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania at a time when tolls could not keep up with Commission expenses and neighboring communities were complaining bitterly about noise and exhaust fumes.  While nothing came of this venture, Motive Power was planning on the possibility, which would have entailed reopening the old South Penn RR right-of-way and utilizing its old Allegheny tunnels.  To this end, they decided to bounce their need for better high-speed locomotion off good ol' George Ersatz.  Among their desires were to provide a cab-forward design for the tunnels and to use oil instead of coal (as in the Turbine II "Joe Magarac", above) and to use proven designs to the greatest degree possible.  With his deep understanding of PRR equipment and practices, George hit on the idea of converting a Baldwin T1 Duplex to oil-firing, greatly improving the anti-slip characteristics, and providing a comfortable, roomy cab for the crew on the specific understanding that any engineer who wanted to qualify on the new loco would have to take special training in Duplex running.  Turning detailing over to Ira, he specified a Shark cab and a semi-streamlined cowl but with open (unskirted) running gear to ease maintenance.  To keep the T1's balance, Motive Power wanted the firebox to the rear, so George devised a color video camera with a quartz lens shield to monitor firing in the firebox on a color TV screen at the fireman's station in the forward cab, thus avoiding splitting the crew, which had aways been the problem with camelbacks.  As an oil burner, the T3's firing controls could all be operated remotely from the cab and no ashpans were required.  Ira even came up with a novel remote sanding device so the flues could be cleaned without someone having to be at the backhead with a shovel.  The result, the T3 (T2 was reserved), named the "Altoona", was simply magnificent, a great steamer and runner, and immensely popular with the test and shakedown crews:

PRR T3 Cab-Forward Duplex
(15 Oct 04 BW photo by and © S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

Unfortunately, as we all well know, the Pennsylvania Turnpike continued as a motor road and nothing came of all this, but the locomotive was certainly one of the finest examples of the close three-way cooperation between the PRR, Baldwin, and the Berlinerwerke.

BW/Baldwin/PRR Class T4 Oil-Fired Cab-Forward Double Duplex

The Pennsy liked the modified T3 so much and found the changes improved steaming so greatly that, on George Ersatz's urging, they authorized the BW to take a scrapped T1 and graft it into the T3, keeping the road number but reclassifying the loco as a T4(26 Feb 2008):

PRR T4 Cab-Forward Double Duplex
(26 Feb 2006 BW photo by and © S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnailed image for larger picture.]

Utilizing the tender body above the second pair of engines to keep weight on the drivers and, with a set of steam-driven pumps at the rear (accessed through side doors), and applying the Ersatz System of Multiplex tenders, the regular tender supplied fuel and water to maintain weight, and thus traction, on the second pair of drivers.  As with so many clever Ersatz steam creations, rapid dieselization doomed the "Altoona II".


BW/Baldwin/Virginian 2-4-6-8-10-12 Multiplex

This is perhaps one of Ira Ersatz's earliest big engines and the obvious predecessor of the Pennsy Multiplex Wopsononock Class YNOT 2-4-6-8-10-12.  It never ceases to amaze me, the wealth of forgotten material in the BW files.  As far as arduous all-night research can uncover, Goerge met with Baldwin and VGN personnel to come up with a steam alternative to the strings of E-33s which would handle anything the VGN had on-line in case of a massive power outage.  Based on the incredible #802 2-10-10-2, with it's massive 118½" boiler and fitted with dual high-speed stokers, the #805 proved the equal of every train on which it was assigned, EXCEPT that it, of course, could exceed the drawbar strength of any coupler or draft gear made at the time.  Ira really went all-out on this one:

VGN Multiplex
(18 Oct 2004 BW photo by and © 2004 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed - click on the picture for a much larger (~388Kb) image!]

When the #805 was finally scrapped (as eventually it was bound to be), it's running gear made for a LOT of smaller units!

The BW staff worked long and hard to get all the drivers aligned just right for this classic builder's photo, jockeying that monster around, slipping driver sets with each engine until it was just right.  Notice the happy little guy (actually a full-grown man) leaning against the cylinder of the third engine with an oil can; he was looking so pleased with himself because he'd just finished oiling the rails under the last engine (the front one, of course) and he was going off shift and someone else would have to clean up the mess.

[Of all the many BW locos, this one may well be one of my all-time favorites - SB,III]


Improved BW/Baldwin/Virginian 2-4-6-8-10-12 Multiplex (31 Jan 2008)

Aha!  In a search through the BW's voluminous files for an unrelated loco, this photo of an improved BW/Baldwin/Virginian 2-4-6-8-10-12 Multiplex #805 turned up:

VGN Multiplex
(31 Jan 2008 BW photo by and © 2008 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed - click on the picture for a much larger (~557Kb) image!]

The #805 was so free-steaming that the Virginian and Ira Ersatz decided that it could benefit from some further refinements; you can readily note the elongated firebox and smokebox with a third stack.

[Note also that the happy little man returned for this shot as well.]


The BW files of George and Ira Ersatz's work are seemingly inexhaustible!


The ELEGARNT (Elegant Energy-Efficient Elephant-Garratt)

Now, THIS one has nothing whatsoever to do with the BW or the Ersatzs (other than the photo having come out of the amazing files of the BW archives).  It seems there was an energy shortage in India back in the early days after WWI and the Beyer-Peacock Super-Garratt concept (Patent #230,888, see the BW Apocrypha page 2) was pressed into service as a stop-gap expedient.  The idea was to use cheap and abundant local silage as fodder for an Indian elephant and to catch the resultant biomass and convert it to fuel for the Garratt firebox.  The biomass was run by conveyor under the boiler and firebox, where it was dried, then ground in a processor behind the cab, and finally fed to a tender over the rear engine, from whence it was drawn as needed by a screw conveyor back into the firebox.  The forward tender held the fodder, fed towards a rear hopper by a pneumatic press, and a copious amount of water, fed by the gravity of the situation into an open tank conveniently located under the elephant's trunk.

BW Elegarnt
(23 Jan 2005 BW photo by and © 2005 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

Steam running to the forward engine under the drop-center elephant carrier kept the beast's feet warm on chill nights and a pipe railing alongside the beast carried water between tenders and served as a safety restraint.  A nicely-appointed third seat was provided in the cab for the mahout.

Ira Ersatz was actually observed gnashing his teeth (quite a sight) when he first saw this gem (I have been given to understand that the great Rube Goldberg is reputed to have done likewise).  Elephant exchange stations, known as EEEEGEE (Elegant Energy-Efficient Elephant-Garratt Exchange Establishments), were located at each watering hole along the line, providing employment for hundreds of destitute locals.


12,000HP SD90MAC2!  Yes, Virginia, the BW HAS out-done Josh Moldover's CSXT AC100CBW and NSC CB100W-10 10,000HP locos.  Working with EMD (now Electro-Motive Diesel), the BW has announced these incredible brutes, the SD90MAC2:

BW/EMD SD90MAC2
16 Jun 2005 image by and © 2005 S. Berliner, III, after Kyle McKerrow's and David Thompson's drawings, and Wayne Beaver's modification of David Thompson's drawing, of the SD90MAC-H on Joshua Moldover's Railroad Paint Shop (and with Josh's AC100/CB100 diaphragm detail, modified) - all rights reserved
[Thumbnailed image - click on the picture for a larger image]


ALCo-GE-BW FPA-1  Working with ALCo and GE and utilizing proven components from the FA and the PA, the Berlinerwerke created an FPA-1 to compete with the F-M CPA20-5/CPA24-5 C--liners and EMD FL-9 (with their unique B-C wheel arrangement to carry big steam generators at the rear), for the Long Island Rail Road:

ALCo-GE-BW FPA-1
(10 Nov 2005 image by and © 2005 S. Berliner, III, after J. Moldover and J. Bélanger
on J. Moldover's "Railroad Paint Shop" - all rights reserved)

[After Joshua Moldover's and Jacques Bélanger's drawings
on Joshua Moldover's Railroad Paint Shop;

[You can expect to see a model of this soon; I no sooner finshed the drawing than I took apart an HO FA-1 (on an Athearn drive - wonder who made it) and an Athearn PA-1 and it looks like a fairly easy project (with some frame machining and body finagling) to kit-botch the two.]

[See also FPA-1 vs. PFA-1.]


BW-BLW-GE-WEC-PRR GG2 {supposedly lost and recreated here but found and revised on BW Apocrypha page 0}


See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga
    and Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha (for taller tales?).
    Also, see the fabled BW DDP45 and other EMD engines EMD may never have dreamed of!


Because the Apocrypha and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages, they are now presented in full on a separate Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index).


Have I ever told you that there are many Web sites and fora and chats and such that have very serious discussions about the relative merits of DDP-45, the Z6s, and these other loco locos vis-à-vis the Big Boy, etc.!  Doncha just love it!


You may wish to visit the Railroad Page, et seq.


Because the BW Apocrypha, RSR (Ruhnian State Railways) Apocrypha, and Guest Apocrypha indices exceeded the capacity of the individual pages and the main Apocrypha index, they are now presented in full on separate pages; the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Index (including the Guest Apocrypha Index) and the RSR Apocrypha Index.

[See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga.]


As always, you know you can count on the BW to find totally-unbelievable info.


note-rt.gif - Any attempt to inject an element of reason into this series of pages will be forcibly rejected!


{Stay tuned!}


More tales follow on the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha Continuation Page 7.

[See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga.]

I always wondered at the incredibly tight security at the Berlinerwerke during WWII; now it can be told!  See, for starters, the wild site of Sig Case, Rails to the Stars - Steam in Space, files from the National Aeronautics and Steam Administration and the tie-in to the Berlinerwerke V1 on Apocrypha Page 2.


See also the HO (1:87.1) Berlinerwerke saga or the Z (1:220) Berlinerwerke-Z saga
  and Berlinerwerke Guest Apocrypha (for taller tales?):
    NORTHEAST CORRIDOR FREIGHT ENGINES.
    LEWELLEN NORTHERN GARRATTS.
    CSXT AC100CBW and NSC CB100W-10 10,000 horsepower locos!
  Also, see the fabled BW DDP45 and other EMD engines EMD may never have dreamed of!


If you like this sort of nonsense, take a gander at Jim Wells' incredible Whitby Locomotive Works; Jim's overall Fantasonics "Model Railroad Magic Website" has become too complex for me to navigate.  Unfortunately, the AW NUTS Magazine, site of the A.W. N.U.T.S. Garden Railway Society is no longer available, nor are Lion Air (I'd be Lion if I didn't warn you to keep your tongue in your cheek on this one!) or D. Dickens' The Patiala State Monorail Tramway site (whooie - and it's for real)!

If you are air-minded (take that as you choose), you must see the Lion Air site!  I'd be Lion if I didn't warn you to keep your tongue in your cheek on this one!

Take your tongue out of your cheek and visit D. Dickens' The Patiala State Monorail Tramway site; whooie (and it's for real)!



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of this series of Berlinerwerke Apocrypha pages.


LEGACY

  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

See Copyright Notice on primary home page.



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