S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com MERCEDES Continuation Page 1 keywords = Mercedes Benz Daimler Chrysler DaimlerChrysler Gottleib Otto Karl car auto history S SS K L 300 500 540 770 Gr?sser Grosser

Updated:   18 Oct 2016; 00:00  ET
[Page created 09 Jan 2001; converted 12 Jul 2011;

    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
URL:  http://sbiii.com/merceds1.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/merceds1.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher



note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.


S. Berliner, III's

sbiii.com

Mercedes-Benz Continuation Page 1


INDEX

  On the Mercedes Main Page:
Mercedes miscellany (after index).
Didja Know Department.
    Differences between K, S, and SS Models.
In(en)quiries.

  On this Continuation Page 1:

S and SS Survivors - with IDs (moved to this page 09 Jan 01).
Other M-B Survivors of Note (to me).
1924 Type 24-100/140 Photos
Mercedes Benz Bibliography (moved to this page 09 Jan 01).   rev (02 May 2016)

  On the Mercedes Continuation Page 2:

Ex-Peck/Brodie/MMA/Boyer 1928 SS Tourer.
"K" vs. "K".
540K at Bill Frick's.
SSK at Bill Frick's
SS & SSK Color Brochure
24-100/140 Specifications

  On the Mercedes Continuation Page 3:

Works History of the Type 24-100/140 and K
Mercedes Model.
More In(en)quiries.

  On Mercedes Continuation Page 4:

Type 770K Grösser Mercedes.
Hitler's Mercedes-Benzes.


Mercedes and Chrysler inked their $3billion+ merger and DaimlerChrysler AG/Corporation began business on 17 Nov 98 and started trading combined shares on 18 Nov 98; two of my most favo(u)rite cars!

For DaimlerChrysler aquisitions, spinoffs, and other news, refer to the DaimlerChrysler page.

Adtranz, formed Jan 1996, merging rail transportation activities of ABB Ltd. and Daimler-Benz AG took DaimlerChrysler into the railroad business and the sale of the venture to Bombardier, announced 04 Aug 2000, apparently takes them right out again!


WORKS (factory) LINKS {added 05 Mar 2002} -

Daimler/Mercedes/Benz and

Mercedes-Benz History.


note-rt  I have restored this page and those that follow WITHOUT updating them; I hope to do that soon.   new (12 Jul 2011)


DISCLAIMER - my interest in Mercedes/Daimler-Benz, whil(e)(st) perhaps encompassing, is primarily in the S and SS series of the late 1920s and early 1930s; this is not intended to be a full-blown history or chronology of the Mercedes marque. - SB,III

I took many photos (including excruciatingly-detailed shots of engine compartments, with ID plates, and dashboards) of S and SS cars (and some K, 380K, 500K, 540K, and 770 cars) back in the '50s.  Some of these include famed cartoonist and driver, Charles Addams, in his S tourer out at the Bridgehampton (Long Island) track.

First, however, for your great edification, hier ist mein 1993 Matchbox Collectibles model of the 1932 Mercedes model LS box truck (4¼"/108mm long) decorated for the most-appropriate Berliner MORGENPOST (Morning Mail) newspaper:

BerlinerMorgenpostTruck
(19 Aug 02 photo by and © 2002 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)


S and SS SURVIVORS - with IDs

YEAR  MODEL  TYPE    BODY STYLE  BODY No.  CAR No.  ENGINE No.  PROVENANCE/DISPOSITION

1928  S      36/220  Tourer      35952     40637    71808       ex-Peter Ustinov, at Beaulieu
1928  SS     38-250  Tourer      -----  to follow   -----       ex-A. Boyer/Mus.of Modern Art (where?)

[more to follow as I uncover my records]

Well, I finally (30 Mar 01) located my 1950s files and there are great surprises in store; the files are a bit damp but are drying and I will add fantastic photos as soon as they dry and my cranky server upload allows.

[Repeated and revised from the main page:]  In early 1956, I had the incredible fortune to drive the 1928 SS tourer that was featured in the Museum of Modern Art (along with the famed Movado watch) as a supreme example of pure functional beauty.  It was quite an adventure and I've written it up and will add lots more info for M-B enthusiasts as I get the time and inclination.  The car was all burgundy with crimson piping and spokes and an off-white head (top) [my memory on some of this was 'way off!] and I finally found my bureau-top photo (missing since the last move) 07 Jan 01, and it's again missing, as is the post I made of it; instead, I located the original negatives and had prints and scans made:

1928SS56Boyer
Allston Boyer and his car in 1956.
[Photo ca. Feb 56 by and © 1956/2003 - S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved]
(Thumbnail image - click on photo for much larger image.)

(The missing Kodacolor print, marked that it was printed "Week Ending Mar. 3, 1956"
had changed sadly over the years; that body paint was a true, rich burgundy
and, if the crimson piping shows, I can't see it!)
{The negatives held up much better and prints made from them are fairly true to what I remember.}

Incidentally, that tubular factory front bumper is set wrong; the rearward sweep of the ends should be absolutely horizontal.

Here's me with the car:

28SS56SBIII
SB,III and Boyer's car in 1956.
[Photo ca. Feb 56 by and © 1956/2003 - S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved]
(Thumbnail iage - click on photo for much larger image.)

There are about a dozen more color photos scanned but not yet posted, plus about a dozen highly-detailed B&W shots yet to be scanned.

After those are done, there are about a dozen B&W photos of a magnificent SSK roadster sitting alongside Bill Frick's speed shop in Freeport (Long Island), New York, and two of a 540K at the curb in front.

Stay tuned; these and even more are coming soon!


1928 Mercedes-Benz Type S 36/250 tourer (formerly belonging to famed actor Peter Ustinov) at the National Motor Museum at Beaulieu in Oct 98:

[Body Number 35952, Chassis Number 40637, Engine Number 71808]

28SBeaulieuOct98
[Photos Oct 98 by and © 2000 - S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved]

Lighting and access were pretty awful and I tried both ambient and flash to little avail; this is what you get.

However, note also that this car, although documented as a 1928, has the older radiator shell with the two uncircled stars embossed on either side of the crease.

Ca. 14 Jul 01, on an auction site (Adamstown Antique Gallery), I found this beauty for sale:

33-380K
[Thumbnail image; click on photo for larger image.]

She was described (in 1999) thusly:  "Biggest sale of the day was this 1933 Mercedes-Benz 380 K with coachwork by Erdmann & Rossi, which sold for $962,500{!}.  The one-off supercharged Mercedes was recently shown at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance." {emphases mine}.

On that same Adamstown site, I ran across this set of views of an M-B 770K tourer model listed as "TIP CO. MERCEDES FOR A. HITLER {sic} W/ 3 FIGURES - $1600.00"!

nazi770k

No size/scale or date was given.

The Smithsonian Institution's Store Catalogue offered a fantastic summer discount on this gem and it burned a hole in my pocket; it's catalogued as a 1927 "630K" but is clearly a "K" dual-cowled sports tourer with (ostensibly) a 6.3l engine - I got a new set of close-up lenses in the same post and had to try them without setting up good lighting:

Kmodel4
(28 Aug 03 photos by and © 2003 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

The model measures 11" (28cm) overall and is advertised as being at 1:18 scale:

Kmodel1 Kmodel2 Kmodel3

The detail is simply staggering, the bi-fold hood tops and sides are double hinged, the front wheels turn with the steering wheel, the doors open, as does the trunk lid:

Kmodel5 Kmodel8

Kmodel6 Kmodel7

Kmodel9 Kmodela

Even the dash, wheel, shift, and brake, and pedals and the windshield are fully detailed!

Kmodel0
(28 Aug 03 photos by and © 2003 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

(I'll have to reshoot some of these.)

As noted on the first page, the K model differed from the succeeding S model primarily only in height, but WHAT a huge difference a few silly millimeters (millimetres) make!  Some 146mm (5¾"), if this K model is accurate!  Note also that the running board is about even with the wheel centers and that the frame box is very deep.  Even though the rear axle is underslung, as on the S/SS-series, the car is simply huge; a friend's K tourer was almost ungainly.  By simply lowering the S drastically, the very same car became one of the sexiest ever designed.

This is a good a place as any to illustrate the relative heights of the hood/bonnet side panels above the exhaust pipes on the K, S, and SS {SSK in this particular case} models (left-to-right):

K-S-SShoodheight
(14 Sep 03 photomontage by and © 2003 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

Here's a similar montage with a real K-engined 24/100/140 and a different SS:

K_S-SShoodheight
(24 Nov 03 photomontage by and © 2003 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Individual images credited elsewhere on these Mercedes pages.]

If you look at the comparison photos carefully, you can also make out the the pre-merger stars stamped on either side of the crease in the K and S radiator shells and the blue-and-white M-B badge centered on the crease on the SS.  You can also see how the hinge line matches the top of the front fender on the S and is higher on the SS.

Under the K model's right running board, if you look carefully under the right lighting, you can make out the Chinese manufacturer's name - "RICKO".

I took an even-closer shot of the radiator top to better show the accurately-modeled two pre-merger Mercedes stars stamped in the front of the shell and the indentation in the long star mounting shaft which represents the vertical slot that holds the Moto-Meter temperature gauge:

630Kmodeld
(08 Sep 03 photo by and © 2003 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

See also a real K, below.

The Smithsonian also offers similar 1:18 models of a 1936 500K and of the 1955 300S, but not by Ricko.


Other M-B Survivors of Note (to me).

Here is where I hoped to show the 320K{?} convertible I almost bought (the one that got away) and 380K and 540K and 770K and such.

For starters, a mutual friend put me on to neighbor and fellow Long Island Motor Parkway enthusiast Roy Jaffe's magnificent 1936 Mercedes- Benz 540K Special Cabriolet C:

28SBeaulieuOct98
(Photos courtesy, and by kind permission, of H. R. Jaffe - all rights reserved)

"She was custom built by Sindelfingen, the Daimler-Benz factory coachbuilder, for William A.M. Burden, a great, great, grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt.  Both Mr. Burden and Daimler-Benz authenticated the car with documentation and factory photographs."  Jaffe "purchased the car from the second owner in l963".  "The car was almost wholly intact, but missing one shock - the other was broken.  After reading Hemmings for 20 years, {he} finally found an ad for these extremely rare shocks."  The car was restored in 1993 and has received many awards since and has been featured in many magazine articles.

On 17/18 Sep 03, I finally turned up many of the old photos I took of Mercedes-Benz cars in the '50s and '60s; some of the photos and accompanying ancient files were damp and musty but you shouldn't smell those that follow.  Unfortunately, I did NOT find the really great, heavily-documented shots of the 1928 ex-D. Cameron Peck/ Sidney Brodie/Alston Boyer/Museum of Modern Art SS tourer I once drove (save one), nor of similar coverage of other S and SS cars.  I did, however, find the negs for those and others and have posted them to a Mercedes Continuation page 2.  Most of these photos have been cropped to save bandwidth (except where noted).  Provenance is given where and as known.

I also found my original copy of the Museum of Modern Art's catalog, "8 Automobiles - An exhibition concerned with the esthetics of motorcar design, at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, autumn 1951", featuring D. Cameron Peck's SS tourer as the first car* (which they mis-state as a 1930), but the catalog is covered by copyright.

[* - the others were: (2) a 1949 Cisitalia by Pinin, Farina, (3) a 1939 razor-edge Bentley by James Young, (4) a swoopy tear-drop 1939 Talbot by Figoni and Falaschi, (5) a 1951 Willys-Overland Jeep (NOT the WWII classic), (6) a 1937 Cord by Auburn-Cord-Duesenberg, (7) a 1948 MG TC, and (8) a 1941 Lincoln Continental.  Interesting; of eight cars, three had custom bodies and five had works bodies]

Let's start with that one photo of "my" SS tourer, a page taken from the July 1953 issue of the old TRUE Magazine, plus a pencil sketch I made from that fabulous Alexandre Georges color photo (shot when Sid Brodie owned the car) and a pen drawing I made on 04 Apr 1955:

28SSTRUE
(Image from the collection of S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

28SSsketch
(Ca. 1955 sketch by and © 2003 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

28SSdrawing
(04 Apr 1955 drawing by and © 1955/2003 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

Much as I love the works SS tourer, especially the Boyer/MMA car shown above, the lower S model pleases me even more as noted herein and elsewhere on these pages; just for the fun of it, I turned the Berlinerwerke Art Dep't. loose with an image processor and came up with an S version of the Boyer/MMA car (with the original sketch shown for comparison:

28SSsketch 28Ssketch
[Ca. 1955 SS sketch (left) by and © 2003 and
03 Aug 2008 so-gennant 'S' version by and © 2008
S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnailed right image for larger picture]

Ach, MEHR besser!

At the nostalgia running of antique cars at the Vanderbilt Cup race at Roosevelt Raceway on 19 Jun 1960, I took photos of three M-B cars in the paddock area, the 1923 Mercedes Indy racer, a huge-bumpered white SS tourer (which now seems to be a huge coupé) and a small '30s drophead coupé:

23MBIndyVC601

SSTourerVC603

SSTourerVC604

SSTourerVC605

320K?DHCVC602

320K?DHCVC606
(19 Jun 60 photos by and © 1960/2003 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

Those last two may well be of that 320K I'd turned down; it was in a private garage in Garden City (just west of Roosevelt Raceway) and had a removable hardtop in place at the time and a removable rag top which was hanging from the garage rafters in the extended position, replete with ribs, irons, and base!

That white SS tourer-cum-coupé is almost certainly NOT C. S. Schaub's 1928 Cadogan-bodied car (from Apex, North Carolina, back then) or one almost identical to it.  Here's Schaub's photo of his car, which he sent me on 08 Jun 1957, together with photos of his ex-Count Trossi 1931 SSK, later the Pebble Beach concours winner, and his ex-Nürnbergring/Brooklands GP SS (the latter taken in England):

CSS28SSTourer

CSSTrossiSSK

CSSGPSS
(C. S. Schaub photos from the collection (of S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

My old notes indicate that the Schaub tourer was destroyed in the terrible fire at Charlie Stich's shop (wherever THAT was).  I was informed on 13 Nov 03 that the huge-bumpered so-called tourer seems to be a coupé, although the lower cowl "swoop" seems the same, and that the "320K" is probably a 290 and that neither the 290 or the 320 used the suffix "K" for their short-chassis ("Kurz") versions.


Howard Kroplick owns and drives Bête Noir, the 1908 ALCo which won the 1909 and 1910 Vanderbilt Cup Races and ran in the first Indy 500 race.  He was given access to the Peter Helck collection which includes this photo of New York Governor Thomas Dewey and his wife Frances who were guests at Lowell Thomas' 1949 picnic for automotive collectors and other notables.  Among those invited were Alec Ulmann (see bibliography below) and Charles Stich.  Here are Governor Dewey and his wife in a huge Mercedes which I'll bet was owned by either Ulmann or Stich:   added (17 Oct 2016)

49DeweyMercedes
[NY Gov. and Mrs. Dewey in Mercedes at Lowell Thomas's 1949 picnic.]
(photo from P. Helck collection, courtesy of H. Kroplick - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnail for larger picture]

Might that be Ulmann or Stich at the left?


Returning from a Sep 1988 auto trip to Newfoundland and Labrador via Cleveland, I took this photo of a 540K in the the Crawford Auto-Aviation Museum of the Western Reserve Historical Society at Case Western Reserve University:

540KCrawford/WRHS/CWRU

Elsewhere I have some of the M-B works photos but I found a slew of old, damp, fading works prints, mostly penciled "Moffat" on the back, and so here they are, thumbnailed (click on them for larger images):

Moffat1

Moffat2

Moffat3

Moffat4

Moffat5

Moffat6

MoffatK
(Images from the collection (now) of S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images - click on the pictures for larger images.]

That last is a giant "24/100/140" model (NOT a "K", works caption notwithstanding), bodied by Saoutchik (NOT "Saontchik"); notice how, while the basic lines are similar to those of an S or SS, it is so very much higher.

Lastly, I ran across a photo of an undated copy of an article I wrote for the CCCA newsletter, ca. 1955, which I excerpt here:

ca.55CCCAarticle
(Ca. 1955 image from the collection (now) of S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed image - click on the picture for a larger image.]


1924 MERCEDES BENZ Type 24/100/140

Talk about a survivor!  Ca. 15 Apr 2004, I ran across photos of a model 24 once owned my former colleague, Ashley Sametz, who took and furnished these photos of his car ca. 20 Sep 1971, describing it as "a rare, one of a kind, find.  1924 Mercedes Benz, model 24-100/140 supercharged.  Aluminum body by Fleetwood.  Double cowl, double windshield, 4 door touring.  Engine rebuilt, body partially restored.":

24ASa 24ASb 24ASc

24ASd 24ASe 24ASf
(1971 photos by A. Sametz, from the collection of S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images - click on the pictures for larger images.]

This car is somewhat like the Smithsonian model except that it has a dual windscreen, full-height belt line, four full doors, artillery wheels, storage lockers in the kick plates, and no trunk or bumpers.  ODD!  It also lacks outside exhaust down pipes!

You can REALLY see the star stamped in the right front of the radiator shell in that last photo.  Also note the different placement of the dual windscreen on this car vs. that on the Saoutchik-bodied K in the Moffat/works photo above.

Ash also furnished a full specifications sheet, which has been transcribed on the succeeding page.

However, this car is NOT a K model; see Works History of the Type 24-100/140 and K on M-B continuation page 3.



MERCEDES BENZ BIBLIOGRAPHY

"Chronik der Mercedes-Benz Fahrzeuge und Motoren", Verlag Cantz 1956, Stuttgart-Bad Canbstatt (DBAG's own story in words and pictures, together with the official DB list of types of cars and their dates, HP, names, and cylinders).

Ca. 1960, a New York friend of my father, Alec Ulmann*, wrote a history booklet, "Mercedes - Pioneer of an Industry" about M-B, in 8½" x 11" format, ~¼" thick, with a deep red soft cover; my copy has not yet turned up.  The 1896 Daimler poster, "Bauprogamme im Jahre 1896" (1896 Product Catalog) may well have been on the front cover or as the frontispiece.   rev (17 Oct/23 Sep 2016)

[* - Ulmann, who died in 1986, was a pioneer of sports car road racing in North America and the founder of the Sebring 12-Hour Grand Prix of Endurance in Florida.  After visiting the 24 Hours of Le Mans in France in 1950, Mr. Ulmann was inspired to organize the first American endurance race, at Sebring on Dec. 31 of that year.  That race was six hours long, but the 12-hour format was originated at the second event, on March 15, 1952.  In 1959, Mr. Ulmann organized the first United States Grand Prix for Formula 1 cars, also at Sebring.  He was the first activities chairman of the Sports Car Club of America and later served as chief steward for the first races at Watkins Glen and Bridgehampton.  During World War II, he was president of Dowty Equipment Corporation, which manufactured landing gear for military aircraft.  In 1950, he acquired Allied International Corporation of New York City, an export distributor of aerospace components. - per NY TIMES obituary]   added (17 Oct 2016)

I found my picture of the cover (corrupted file); here's the top portion:   added (17 Oct 2016)

UlmannFrCoverX
[A. Ulmann M-B Book Cover (partial)]
(from the collection of S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[click on thumbnail for larger image.]

"The Complete Mercedes Story", The Thrilling Seventy-Year History of Daimler and Benz, W. Robert Nitske, The MacMillan Company, New York, 1955.   added (23 Sep 2016)

David ("Bunty") Scott-Moncrieff wrote a fabulous and definitive history ca. 1965-70, Three-Pointed Star, which, along with several other MB references, I have not yet unpacked.

"Mercedes - Where the name came from?", Daimler-Benz AG, 1986.

"SS Mercedes" (Salon), Road & Track, Oct 1953, pp. 17-20, with great Cheseborough photos of the Brodie tourer.

"Mercedes SSK", Road & Track, no date but ca.1953, pp. 24-25, 41 (with engine cross-section).

"A Shining Star", Sports Cars Illustrated, Nov 1955, pp. 51-54 (great photos of restoration of an SS drophead coupé, one of only three left at the time - sure looks like an S to me).

"Mercedes-Benz: The Supercharged 8-Cylinder Cars of the 1930's", Jan Melin, Motorbooks Intl (Short Disc), June 1985, ISBN-13: 978-9187036002/ISBN-10: 9187036002   added (01 May 2016)
    [whatever a "short disc" might be].

"Mercedes-Benz Guide", Karl Ludvigsen, Modern Sports Car Series, Sports Car Press, Ltd., 1959, LoC 59-14218.   added (23 Sep 2016)

"The Complete Mercedes Story" - a book with no author or provenance given, for sale on eBay/Amazon 23 Sep 2016.


Merc Bents logo Do you think Daimler Benz will ever forgive me for this spoof
on my Z-scale (1:220) model railroad?

    Ooops!  This isn't what's meant by Break a leg (Hals- und Beinbruch) !

Mercerized Bents, Inc.
  Fine Imported German Bridge Bents -
  Guaranteed to Hold a Lustrous Finish


Stay tuned!


[For those interested in the Chrysler side as well,
see my Chrysler page, et seq.
(with the Walter P. Chrysler story).]


Cyclops fans; see Cyclops on my Automotive pages!


LEGACY

  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

See Copyright Notice on primary home page.


Please visit the main Automotive Page, et seq.



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