S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com ORDNANCE Continuation Page 5 keywords = ordnance arsenal Watertown Watervliet Detroit Rock Island Aberdeen Proving Ground Jarrett Churchill Yuma tank armor track history self-propelled artillery gun cannon rifle caliber calibre recoil HARP Maryland airplane bomb shell cartidge casing ammunition ammo FLZ Franz Langenhan Zella Mehlis Kropatschek Werndl Steyr Gras Lebel Colt Woodsman Comet Authenticast

Updated:  06 Mar 2017; 22:50  ET
[Page created 17 Jan 2017;

[original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
URL:  http://sbiii.com/ordnanc5.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/ordnance.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher



note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.


S. Berliner, III's

sbiii.com

ORDNANCE Continuation Page 4

OrdBomb


INDEX (truncated):

On the main Ordnance page:
  Unindexed ORDNANCE APOCRYPHA.

On the Ordnance Atomic Cannon Page:
  ATOMIC CANNON

On the Ordnance Continuation Page 0:
  ORDNANCE APOCRYPHA

(combined here from the Main Page and Continuation Pages 1 and 2 on 18 Dec 2006).

On the Ordnance Continuation Page 1:
  MORE ORDNANCE APOCRYPHA (Moved from Ordnance Page 2 on 12 Feb 2002).

On the Continuation Page 2:
  RAILROAD GUNS.
  SMALL ARMS.

On the Continuation Page 3:
  CALIBER (Calibre).
  Anzio Annie.
  SMALL ARMS.
  Ordnance BIBLIOGRAPHY
  Russian Armor.
  HELP!

On the Continuation Page 4:
  MISFIRES, HANGFIRES, and JAMS
  Drake Gun/Cannon
  Coastal Defense Guns at Fort Casey
  M274 Mechanical Mule (31 Oct 2008)
  M2-M3-M4 MEDIUM TANK SUSPENSIONS (01 Mar 2015)
  M3 Medium Tank - Lee vs. Grant (01 Mar 2015)
  M2-M3-M5 LIGHT TANK SUSPENSIONS (05 Jan 2017)

On this Ordnance Continuation Page 5:
  Arsenals (to follow)
  The Incredible M½ Ultralight Tank. new.gif (06 Mar 2017)

Ordnance Models Page:
  {unindexed}

Comet Metal Products Authenticast Models Page.


ARSENALS -

[Watertown Arsenal, Watervliet Arsenal, Detroit Arsenal, Rock Island Arsenal, Redstone Arsenal, Picatinny Arsenal, Pine Bluff Arsenal, Benicia Arsenal (deactivated in 1963; closed in 1964), U. S. Arsenal Charleston (1825-79), Washington Arsenal, D. C., Augusta Arsenal, Me., Allegheny Arsenal, U. S. Army Arsenal at Indianapolis (1865-1903), Fayetteville Arsenal, Liberty Arsenal, Mount Vernon Arsenal, Rocky Mountain Arsenal, St. Louis Arsenal, etc.]

{to follow}

Kiev Arsenal, Woolwich Arsenal (closed 2016), Osaka Army Arsenal, l'Arsenal, Paris (16th-19th C.)

Germany (private) - Krupp, MAN, Borsig, Krauss-Maffei, Krupp, MAN, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche, Rheinmetall, Thyssen. etc.

Hubei/Hanyang/Jianshe Arsenal (1889 Hubei in Hanyang, 1914, renamed Hanyang Arsenal, 1939 moved to Chongqing.

and so on and so forth.


The Incredible M½ Ultralight Tank - new.gif (06 Mar 2017)

Back in 1907, the British Army came up with its very first track-laying vehicle, known as the "Little Caterpillar":

1907LittleCatThen 1907LittleCatNow
1907 British Army Hornsby "Little Caterpillar" Tractor
[Click on thumbnails for larger images]

Built by R. Hornsby and Sons, Ltd., in Grantham, based on a 1904 commercial tractor, this was a new one on me!  I kinda like it, though.  Even better, she survives in running condition and you can see old newsreels of her running at War History Online - Tank Chats #23!

When WWII was about to break wide open, some genius in the the U. S. Army's Ordnance Department remembered the Little Cat and thought it would make a great basis for an ultralight tank.  The M2-series of light tanks semed a more promising starting point but, funds being so very tight, they approached Marmon-Herrington, a prolific source of experimental AFV designs; M-H wanted nothing to do with the idea so they went to the noted locomotive team at the Berlinerwerke.  The BW's front man, George Ersatz, looked at the latest M2 light, the M2A4, which had been in production at AC&F since May 1940 with the (for those days) powerful M5 37mm gun and saw promise there.  He took the design to his brother, Ira Ersatz, who quickly came up with a prototype which the Ordnance Department liked.  An order for one test vehicle followed immediately; it was given to the BW without bidding because the war had broken out in Europe and all AFV work was already on an emergency footing.  The Ersatz tank was completed in record time and sent to Aberdeen for exhaustive testing but, as so often happened with Ersatz proposals, no production orders resulted.  Other than being incredibly cramped inside (as expected), the two main problems stated were that the little tank tended to rock back and forth on starting and stopping and sat all the way back on its heels when the main gun was fired (she even swung back when the machine guns were fired!).  Here she is out back at the Automotive Section of Development and Proof Services at APG after road testing:

1907LittleCat
1940 Berlinerwerke M½ Ultralight Tank

I wonder if Ft. Lee has the lil' beast tucked away?  I don't remember ever seeing her at the old APG Ordnance Museum (Col. Jarrett, wherever you are, will you ever forgive me?).

Oh, wow!  Diligent searching in the Berlinerwerke files uncovered a faded four-view drawing:

MHalfDwg
1940 Berlinerwerke M½ Ultralight Tank Drawing

As it says on the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha pages, you know you can count on the BW to find totally-unbelievable info.



The ORDNANCE page had to be split; this page is a continuation of the main ORDNANCE page, Ordnance Continuation Page 1, Ordnance Continuation Page 2, Ordnance Continuation Page 3, and Ordnance Continuation Page 4.


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