S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com Pennsylvania Railroad Continuation Page 4 keywords = Pennsylvania Pennsy PRR railroad Horseshoe Muleshoe Curve Altoona Juniata Gallitzin Allegheny Alleghany Allegrippus Tunnelhill Cresson Sang Hollow Lilly Hollidaysburg Duncansville Glenwhite Kittaning Burgoon Sugar Run Blair Gap Bennington New Portage Main Line Public Works Utilities model train Z HO scale track Berlinerwerke Cary Stromberg

Updated:   01 Nov 2011, 19:30  ET
(missing images restored 04 Sep 2003)
[Page created 09 May 2005; converted 01 Nov 2011;
    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]

URL:  http://sbiii.com/prr4.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/prr4.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher

note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.

S. Berliner, III's


Pennsylvania Railroad Page




"The Standard Railroad of the World"

PRR Keystone

NOTE:  07 Apr 99 - I gave up!  I had avoided a Pennsy page as long as I could but there comes a time when some things just can't be avoided.

Because of former page size limitations, this page is now continued on PRR Continuation Page 5, et seq.

This is more of an INDEX page than anything else, although I may well add tidbits for Pennsy fans here and there.

NOTE:  HTML limited my pages to 30kB!  Thus, I was forced to add separate pages to fit the lengthy stories of the prototype and HO (1:87.1) Horseshoe Curve and Berlinerwerke; the Berlinerwerke-Z (Z-Scale - 1:220) story is on its own page.


On the main PRR Page:

The Infamous G½ (half GG1)
PRR Paint Color Codes (moved to PRR page 2 on12 Jan 03)
The HIPPO Boiler Question
The Only B4a Still Steaming (the only B4a at all?)
PRR Modeling (including Penn Line and Cary) {moved to Page 0 on 25 Nov 04}
PRR Links*
and just scroll away!

On the PRR Continuation Page 0:

THE SOUTH PENN RR (moved from this page 04 Feb 04)
BNSF Red Rock Sub in OK/TX (moved from this page to Cont. page 1 and then to Cont. page 0 on 04 Feb 04)
"Main Line" (moved from Cont. page 1 to Cont. page 0 on 04 Feb 04)
More on B4a #643.
PRR Modeling (including Penn Line and Cary) {moved from main page on 25 Nov 04}
Odd AF15½ (FA-1½) 5772 Tuscan Shell.

On the PRR Continuation Page 1:

PRR Marker Lights (moved from main PRR page 16 Jul 00)
Penn Roman Type Font
PRR Help and "Whatsis"

On PRR Continuation Page 2 page:

PRR Bibliography
PRR Semantics
PRR Paint Color Codes (moved from PRR main page on12 Jan 03)

On PRR Continuation Page 3 page:

PRR Class I1sa Decapod #4483, with
  Class 90F82 short-haul 8-wheel tender #4485 and
    Class 210F75A long-haul 16-wheel tender.
  {moved from main PRR page on 03 Feb 2003}
PRR Class I1sa Decapod Backhead Details.
Northumberland Yard Photos.

On this PRR Continuation Page 4:

    Cary Locomotive Works (cont'd).
        Bowser Manufacturing, Incorporated.

On PRR Continuation Page 5:

    Pennsy Pantographs
    Charlie Crofutt and #944

On the PRR Bibliography Page:

    Motive Power
        Staufer's "Pennsy Power" series
        Also on Motive Power
        Also, on specific classes of locomotives
    Overall History
    The Books of the two "Dons" (Ball and Wood)
    Horseshoe Curve
    Other Books Recommended

On the PRR Track Charts:

    Allegheny Div. - New Florence/Johnstown (MP 291) to
        Duncannon (near Harrisburg, MP 113) - 2 pages.

On the Horseshoe Curve page:

Prototype Horseshoe Curve Story
Berlinerwerke (HO) Saga

On the Continuation Page 1:

Dimensions of the Horseshoe Curve - with HO (1:87.1) Scale Equivalents -
    a mile-by-mile and even foot-by-foot guide to the Curve.

On the Continuation Page 2:


On the Continuation Page 3:

Dimensions of the Horseshoe Curve in N (1:160) and Z (1:220) Scales -
    also mile-by-mile and even foot-by-foot.

On the other RR pages:

S. Berliner, III's Railroad Page
S. Berliner, III's Model Railroad Page
S. Berliner, III's Model Railroad Continuation Page
S. Berliner, III's Z-Scale (1:220) Model Railroad Page,

PRR Keystone

For modelers, the BERLINERWERKE (HO) Story, the story of the HO pike and Horsehoe Curve.
The full prototype Horseshoe Curve story will appear shortly.
The Z-scale Berlinerwerke-Z Saga is on a separate page.

My own LIRR pages may be of interest, as well (the Pennsy owned the LIRR from 1904 to 1966, having bought it out to gain access to Sunnyside Yard for Pennsylvania Station, and see also the Steinway System).

LIRR Keystone

Visit these courtesy and official home pages:

Long Island Rail Road Historical Society

Long Island Sunrise - Trail Chapter
(National Railway Historical Society)

Sunrise Trail Division
(Northeastern Region)
(National Model Railroad Association)
(all new links)

* - If you are a Pennsy fan (how can anyone NOT be?), there are endless sites to surf, some of which are listed at PRR Links; however, for me, the première site must always be that of the

Pennsylvania Railroad
Technical & Historical Society

The PRRT&HS Philadelphia Chapter runs a fantastic PRR Discussion Forum.

[Fans of Pennsy relative NYNH&HRR will be pleased to hear that the New Haven Railroad Historical and Technical Association, Inc. (NHRHTA) now has "THE NHRHTA NEW HAVEN RAILROAD FORUM"

(their site is wholly framed, meaning no separate direct URL, so you must go to the right-hand frame
  and click on the link down near the bottom of the frame) .]

One site that really got me, however, is Rob Schoenberg's, on which he has a PRR station sign maker, which allows you to assemble a Pennsy-style station sign in color, letter by letter.  I'm trying to go Rob one better by adding a space, a hyphen, and an apostrophe.  He has since superimposed a keystone outline (ya gotta have a keystone to make it a REAL make-believe Pennsy station sign!).

Rob also has on his site most of the PRR Equipment Diagrams!  These are detailed below under PRR Links.

Also, for Pennsy fans with good imaginations (or strong stomachs), ya gotta see my Berlinerwerke Apocrypha page and its continuation page 2!

The rest of the links are at PRR Links.

B60A End-Loading Baggage Cars - This is posted as a service to the PRRT&HS; "diesell48" had a photo of a PRR B60A end-loading baggage car and I offered to scan and post it if he sent it to me, so here it, #6262, is:

B60<small>A</small> Baggage Car
(12 Sep 2005 scan of photo from "diesell48" - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed image, click on picture for very-much-larger (1Mb) image]

The hand-writing below the image indicates that car numbers "6151, 6157-6158, 6261-6263, 7312, 7315, 7318, 7319, 7322" were assigned to this class, for 11 cars.  "diesell48" was responding to a thread on the Modeling Forum about "PRR B60 baggage cars"; he'd like to know about the travels of the battery box and possibly some other underbody appliances from one version to the next and hopes that someone out there in Pennsyland can use the number (6262) to tell us just what variant this is.

The funny thing (for me) is that my copy of the Oct 2005 issue of RMC came in the same post and there, on page 114, is Bethlehem Car Works' HO model of the very same car!

Cary Locomotive Works

    (continued from pre-Bowser on PRR page 0)

Elsewhere on these pages, especially under PRR Modeling on PRR continuation page 0, I give some background about Cary Locomotive Works, now absorbed into Bowser (see below).  Bowser's history relates that, because of health problems, Don and Dolores Stromberg decided to offer their business for sale and the Englishes felt it would fit right in with their production.  All the small parts, bodies and boilers (except the N1) are available.

Here's a bit more Cary nostalgia for you Pennsy modelers and Cary fans; scrounging around in my cellar for something unrelated, I ran across this box for my long-since kit-botched N1 boiler (part of my secret project that has been languishing lo these many moons):


(09 May 2005 photos by and © 2005 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

The faded postmark appears to be "FEB 9, 78".  Note that Don used the incorrect hyphen in the model number, "N-1" instead of "N1", as Bowser does to this day.

Bowser Manufacturing, Incorporated, and Lew English

Oh, this is simply inexcusable!  In further featuring the old Cary line (above), I realized that in all these years I gave no specifics about Bowser!  Once upon a time (on 01 May 1961, to be exact), Lew (Lewis K.) and Shirlee English had the bad judgement to purchase Bowser Manufacturing and they've been stuck with us model RR nuts ever since!  Bowser had been founded in 1946 in Redlands, California, by Bill Bowser, and was then acquired by Don Acheson around 1955.  Lew and Shirlee moved Bowser from Redlands to their basement in Muncy, Pennsylvania, but there were no Pennsy locos in the line; however, the Penn Line Company, which first advertised in Jun 1947, was sold at bankruptcy and Lew and Shirlee purchased the tooling and inventory for their E6, H9, I1, K4, L1, and T1.  With the whole English family working part-time on them, they were still unable to get them all ready at once and so, in 1965, decided to work full time on Bowser and moved to Montoursville, Pennsylvania, near Williamsport.  Then Felix Bass offered them the Pennsylvania Scale Models line of trolleys and they snapped it up.  When Pittman advised they wanted out of the hobby motor business and offered Bowser the tooling for their line of electric motors, the Englishes jumped at the chance to make the popular and powerful DC-71 motor (and others).  Next, they acquired Selley Finishing Touches and the tooling for some of the Varney steam locomotives and the Penn Line GG1 (and much of the Aero Train).

The PRR M1 and M1a were introduced late in 1986.  The E6, G5, H9, I1, K4, and L1 were all converted from lead to zinc.  The PRR A5 was introduced in Feb 1992.  In Jun 1985, they purchased Cal Scale from John Anderson and Harry Parker of Fresno, California, and moved it to Montoursville.  Bowser is in full production with this line of lost-wax brass castings and are adding diesel detailing parts to the Cal Scale line.  Then, in 1987, they adapted their mechanism kit to the Bachmann/Lionel PRR K4.  In May 1988, Cary Locomotive Works came aboard (see above).

In 1990, Bowser purchased Menzies from the D.J. Baker Co and then, in 1991, purchased Arbor Models.  In Feb 1992, they finished the dummy Aero Train and bought the Delaware Valley Car Company (N scale freight cars) in Jul 1999.  Bowser Manufacturing acquired Stewart Hobbies in Oct 2004 from Steve Stewart, one of the founders.

Bowser's Internet web site features an on-line search of over 80,000 Bowser part numbers and the capability to show nearly all the parts they sell and has an inventory of well over a thousand photographs, drawings, documents and images.

Bowser sells plastic models and retail through their full-line hobby shop, English`s Model Railroad Supply, in the same facility.  Bowser's full company history from 1946 to the present can be seen on their Website.

The preceding history was liberally extracted from Bowser's own history.

Bad news for steam buffs - it would appear from the Bowser catalog that they have dropped all steam locomotive production!   added (01 Nov 2011)

Railroaders Memorial Museum

Altoona, Pennsylvania, 10 Jul 2005

On my way home from a drive to Texas and Ohio, I stopped at the Railroaders Memorial Museum in Altoona on 10 Jul 2005, and took a mess (literally) of photos under a broiling sun while wearing sunglasses over my regular thick lenses and using my ancient Olympus XA 35mm pocket camera (NOT an SLR!).  The photos ended up a bad combination of extreme brightness and deep shadow AND were ill-framed, but here's the lot; I have cropped away unneeded space and enhanced them to try to show as much detail as possible, but balancing the sunlight and shadow is well nigh impossible -

First, I had to get more film and the drugstore that was open on a Sunday and carried film (that's getting hard to come by) was directly opposite the Altoona transfer table; naturally, I misframed and caught the Cyclone fencing:

Altoona Transfer Table
(10 Jul 2005 photos by and © 2005 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images, click on pictures for larger images]

Then, at the parking lot, there was this old scale test car:

Scale Test Car

I toured the museum building first and spotted this old tender parked at the northwest corner (from the stairwell):

Old Caboose

Once outside in the yard, I wandered around (these are NOT in any particular time sequence); there was a nice Industrial Brownhoist crane, decorated for Conrail, with a nifty old boom car (this is a montage of two pictures):

CR Crane

I had to brighten the picture so much to show any details of the black crane that here is the picture of the boom car by itself, unaltered:

Boom Car

They have a really-tiny Brookville industrial switcher and there was massive GG1 #4913 just beyond and the temptation to compare the two was irresistible:

Ind'l Sw. and GG1 #4913

#4913 is suffering from too much exposure:

GG1 #4913

Lastly, I took a whole slew of photos of the PRR's gigantic #470245 Class FD2 Depressed-Center Flat Car, the 123' 3" long Queen Mary (Altoona, Apr 52); I have her in HO brass and love her and her four huge 4F5T1 trucks salvaged from J1 tenders, arranged under two span bolsters to give her a conservative 250-ton capacity.  First, from the second floor of the museum:

FD2 - 05

Whadda monster!  Unfortunately, her vast deck had been converted to a stage, with steel tube arches over it:

FD2 - 03

FD2 - 06

FD2 - 13

Her immensity dwindles a bit when viewed from off her quarter:

FD2 - 12

End on, it's difficult to sense her enormous length:

FD2 - 11
(10 Jul 2005 photos by and © 2005 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images, click on pictures for larger images]

There's a great shot of the Queen Mary when new on pp. 14-15 of the PRRT&HS Summer 1996 issue of THE KEYSTONE and two in color on page 35 (as green PC #766163, 1976) and in Pennsy Tuscan (1973) on page 36 in Henry Maywald's Classic Freight Cars - the Series, Vol. 6, Loaded Flats and Gondolas.

More to follow.

For tall tales of the Berlinerwerke and its equipment and such (much of which is PRR or PRR-ish,
visit the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha page, et seq.

BW Key

You will specially appreciate (or hate)
  the PRR Class Z6s Arctic 4-2-2,
  the PRR Class V Rocky 4-14-2,
  the PRR Genesis Engine (unlikely!), and
  the PRR Centipede Engine 4-D-D-4 (even more unlikely, but oh, 'tis true, 'tis true!).

Because of former page size limitations, this page is now continued on PRR Continuation Page 5, et seq.

S. Berliner, III

You may wish to visit the Railroad Page, et seq.

frstpage.gif prevpage.gif nextpage.gif
of this series of Pennsylvania Railroad pages.


  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.


See Copyright Notice on primary home page.

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