S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com Pennsylvania Railroad Continuation Page 5 keywords = Pennsylvania Pennsy PRR railroad Horseshoe Muleshoe Curve Altoona Juniata Gallitzin Allegheny Alleghany Allegrippus Tunnel Hill Cresson Sang Hollow Lilly Hollidaysburg Duncansville Glenwhite Kittaning Burgoon Sugar Run Blair Gap Bennington New Portage Main Line Public Works Utilities model train Z HO scale track Berlinerwerke

Updated:   04 Apr 2016; 22:00 ET
(missing images restored 04 Sep 2003)
[Page created 28 Nov 2006; converted 01 Nov 2011;
    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]

URL:  http://sbiii.com/prr5.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/prr5.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher

note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.

S. Berliner, III's


Pennsylvania Railroad Page




"The Standard Railroad of the World"

PRR Keystone

NOTE:  07 Apr 99 - I gave up!  I had avoided a Pennsy page as long as I could but there comes a time when some things just can't be avoided.

Because of former page size limitations, these PRR pages are now continued from the main PRR Page, et seq.

NOTE:  HTML limited my pages to 30kB!  Thus, I was forced to add separate pages to fit the lengthy stories of the prototype and HO (1:87.1) Horseshoe Curve and Berlinerwerke; the Berlinerwerke-Z (Z-Scale - 1:220) story is on its own page.


On the main PRR Page:

The Infamous G½ (half GG1)
PRR Paint Color Codes (moved to PRR page 2 on12 Jan 03)
The HIPPO Boiler Question
The Only B4a Still Steaming (the only B4a at all?)
PRR Modeling (including Penn Line and Cary) {moved to Page 0 on 25 Nov 04}
PRR Links*
and just scroll away!

On the PRR Continuation Page 0:

THE SOUTH PENN RR (moved from this page 04 Feb 04)
BNSF Red Rock Sub in OK/TX (moved from this page to Cont. page 1 and then to Cont. page 0 on 04 Feb 04)
"Main Line" (moved from Cont. page 1 to Cont. page 0 on 04 Feb 04)
More on B4a #643.
PRR Modeling (including Penn Line and Cary) {moved from main page on 25 Nov 04}
Odd AF15½ (FA-1½) 5772 Tuscan Shell.

On the PRR Continuation Page 1:

PRR Marker Lights (moved from main PRR page 16 Jul 00)
Penn Roman Type Font
PRR Help and "Whatsis"

On PRR Continuation Page 2 page:

PRR Bibliography
PRR Semantics
PRR Paint Color Codes (moved from PRR main page on12 Jan 03)

On PRR Continuation Page 3 page:

PRR Class I1sa Decapod #4483, with
  Class 90F82 short-haul 8-wheel tender #4485 and
    Class 210F75A long-haul 16-wheel tender.
  {moved from main PRR page on 03 Feb 2003}
PRR Class I1sa Decapod Backhead Details.
Northumberland Yard Photos.

On PRR Continuation Page 4:

    Cary Locomotive Works (cont'd).
        Bowser Manufacturing, Incorporated.

On this PRR Continuation Page 5:

    Pennsy Pantographs
    Charlie Crofutt and #944
    PRR Bridge in D.C. (25 Feb 2012)
    John C. Wenrich - Artist (22 Mar 2014)
    PRR's Philadelphia Suburban Station   new (04 Apr 2016)

On the PRR Bibliography Page:

    Motive Power
        Staufer's "Pennsy Power" series
        Also on Motive Power
        Also, on specific classes of locomotives
    Overall History
    The Books of the two "Dons" (Ball and Wood)
    Horseshoe Curve
    Other Books Recommended

On the PRR Track Charts:

    Allegheny Div. - New Florence/Johnstown (MP 291) to
        Duncannon (near Harrisburg, MP 113) - 2 pages.

On the Horseshoe Curve page:

Prototype Horseshoe Curve Story
Berlinerwerke (HO) Saga

On the Continuation Page 1:

Dimensions of the Horseshoe Curve - with HO (1:87.1) Scale Equivalents -
    a mile-by-mile and even foot-by-foot guide to the Curve.

On the Continuation Page 2:


On the Continuation Page 3:

Dimensions of the Horseshoe Curve in N (1:160) and Z (1:220) Scales -
    also mile-by-mile and even foot-by-foot.

On the other RR pages:

S. Berliner, III's Railroad Page
S. Berliner, III's Model Railroad Page
S. Berliner, III's Model Railroad Continuation Page
S. Berliner, III's Z-Scale (1:220) Model Railroad Page,

PRR Keystone

For modelers, the BERLINERWERKE (HO) Story, the story of the HO pike and Horsehoe Curve.
The full prototype Horseshoe Curve story will appear shortly.
The Z-scale Berlinerwerke-Z Saga is on a separate page.

My own LIRR pages may be of interest, as well (the Pennsy owned the LIRR from 1904 to 1966, having bought it out to gain access to Sunnyside Yard for Pennsylvania Station, and see also the Steinway System).

LIRR Keystone

Visit these courtesy and official home pages:

Long Island Rail Road Historical Society

Long Island Sunrise - Trail Chapter
(National Railway Historical Society)

Sunrise Trail Division
(Northeastern Region)
(National Model Railroad Association)
(all new links)

* - If you are a Pennsy fan (how can anyone NOT be?), there are endless sites to surf, some of which are listed at PRR Links; however, for me, the première site must always be that of the

Pennsylvania Railroad
Technical & Historical Society

The PRRT&HS Philadelphia Chapter runs a fantastic PRR Discussion Forum.

[Fans of Pennsy relative NYNH&HRR will be pleased to hear that the New Haven Railroad Historical and Technical Association, Inc. (NHRHTA) now has "THE NHRHTA NEW HAVEN RAILROAD FORUM"

(their site is wholly framed, meaning no separate direct URL, so you must go to the right-hand frame
  and click on the link down near the bottom of the frame) .]

One site that really got me, however, is Rob Schoenberg's, on which he has a PRR station sign maker, which allows you to assemble a Pennsy-style station sign in color, letter by letter.  I'm trying to go Rob one better by adding a space, a hyphen, and an apostrophe.  He has since superimposed a keystone outline (ya gotta have a keystone to make it a REAL make-believe Pennsy station sign!).

Rob also has on his site most of the PRR Equipment Diagrams!  These are detailed below under PRR Links.

Also, for Pennsy fans with good imaginations (or strong stomachs), ya gotta see my Berlinerwerke Apocrypha page and its continuation page 2!

The rest of the links are at PRR Links.

Pennsy Pantographs

On the Pennsylvania Railroad Technical & Historical Society's Discussion Web, under the topic "Pantographs again", Bob Thomas wrote "Pantograph trolley arrangement drawings for the O1, L5 and GG1 show a rod passing from one side to the other just below the base longitudinal angle irons, under one of the pneumatic unlocking cylinders.  The rod extends beyond each base angle about 10 inches, and each end is bent at 90 degrees to form what appears to be a handle or indicator.  Nothing on the print shows how the rod interacts with the pantograph mechanism. - - - What is the purpose of the rod, and how is it linked to the pantograph itself?"  Bob then took photos of a Pennsy pantograph on a skid at the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg on 16 Nov 2006, where he was assisted by two courteous docents who led him to a partially-assembled O1 pantograph lying on the ground near the visitor parking lot where the purpose and mechanical details of the “mystery” handle and rod became obvious.

The center of the rod is bent into the shape of a crank from which a short connecting rod transfers handle rotation to a catch that holds the pantograph down against very strong spring pressure once it has been retracted.  The pantograph is raised by powerful springs when the catch is released from the cab, either by engine air or pressure from a small emergency hand pump, acting in a surprisingly small cylinder with a piston rod also connected to the release catch.  The release handle on the pan frame can override the air-operated connecting rod and was apparently provided to release the pantograph on a dead locomotive in case neither of the two normal sources of air were available.  However, it would have been an extremely risky procedure for, if a hostler kept his hand on or near the release handle just a little too long (and pantographs went up fast), he would be electrocuted when the trolley touched the wire, energizing the release handle along with the rest of the pantograph assembly!

To which Bob got a response from SEPTA's Chief Rail Transportation Officer, Richard J. Hanratty, "The bars being described are, in fact, manual release devices.  However, they are not designed to be released by hand.  Rather, they are to be engaged by the hook on the end of a pantograph pole.  When the hook is placed over the rod and then pulled down, the hold-down latch will be released and spring tension will raise the pantograph."

The site at the museum parking lot was not exactly neat and Bob did not feel authorized to move anything, hence there is a rather confused array of parts scattered around!

Here, then, posted as another service to the PRRT&HS, are Bob's photos:

Wide End View Release Crankshaft
(16 Nov 2006 photos by R. Thomas - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images, click on pictures for full-size images]

Wide End View || Release Crankshaft

Release Crank Release Latch & Cylinder Closeup
(16 Nov 2006 photos by R. Thomas - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images, click on pictures for full-size images]

Release Crank || Release Latch & Cylinder Closeup

Release Handle Air Cylinder and Spring Cam
(16 Nov 2006 photos by R. Thomas - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images, click on pictures for full-size images]

Release Handle || Air Cylinder and Spring Cam

Air Cylinder End Cover Air Cylinder with Scale
(16 Nov 2006 photos by R. Thomas - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images, click on pictures for full-size images]

Air Cylinder End Cover || Air Cylinder with Scale

Cylinder Air Pipe Insulator & Mounting
(16 Nov 2006 photos by R. Thomas - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images, click on pictures for full-size images]

Cylinder Air Pipe || Insulator & Mounting

Spring Cam & Connecting Rod End Upper Section Contactor Link
(16 Nov 2006 photos by R. Thomas - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images, click on pictures for full-size images]

Spring Cam & Connecting Rod End || Upper Section Contactor Link

If any further information follows, I will post it here.

H8b{?} #994 - I focus almost entirely on PRR equipment and facilities and precious little on personnel but this caught my fancy; the great-grandson of Pennsy engineer Charles H. Crofutt sent in these photos of his great-grandfather and crew and locomotive #994 at what may be the Juniata shops, ca. 1930:

PRR#944/Crofutt2 PRR#944/Crofutt4
(ca. 1930 photos courtesy D. Bishop - all rights reserved)
[Thumbnailed images - click on pictures for full-size images]

"Engine" #994 and Crew ca. 1930

Locomotive #994 was assigned to an H1 and later to an H8b, both 2-8-0's, for neither of which could I find any info.  Crofutt's loco was almost certainly the latter.  The "E" probably stands for "Engineer," "F" for "Fireman, "B" for "Brakeman", and "C" for "Conductor"; Crofutt, who was an engineer on the Williamsport Line of the Pennsy in the 20s and 30s, is the engineer in the photos.

The photos are undated but, from others in the family album, they were most likely taken in the mid-30s.  Crofutt's loco was supposedly an 0-6-0 Juniata switcher but this one is more likely to be the H8b.  Juniata could also just refer to the builder.

Can anyone please provide photos or more info. on this locomotive?

Aha!  On 04 Masr 2012, I heard from Robert Hess:   new (04 Mar 2012)

"# 994 was built as an H8b (saturated) in 4/1911, with Juniata Shops construction #2229.  A superheater was fitted in 12/1913 (with outside steam pipes now located above the cylinders but no snifter valves) and the locomotive was reclassified H8sb.  The locomotive was then converted to an H9s (unfortunately the rosters I have do give the date for this) with the cylinder diameter increased from 24 in. to 25 in. and snifter valves fitted on the outside steam pipes right above the cylinders.  The snifter valves were spring-loaded and closed when the throttle was opened; when the throttle was closed while running, the snifter valves opened to admit air into the cylinders.

As the snifter valves are clearly shown in the second photo, # 994 has been converted to an H9s. The first photo shows the locomotive has not yet received a power reverse.  The reach rod for reversing the locomotive (the rod with the curved slot) is right above the ashpan at the base of the firebox.  This rod was below the running board on locomotives which still had the original lever and quadrant reverser in the cab.  The locomotive would have received a power reverse later on.  This supports your statement that the photograph dates from the mid-1930s.  I don't know of any other photographs of #994, but here is a link to H9s #396 taken at Freeport, NY (on the LIRR) in 1935, also showing the snifer valve and reach rod for the lever reverser:


My sources are a 'PRR Numerical Roster' compiled by Gene Connelly and the 'PRR All-Time Roster' compiled by William D.Edson."

Thanks, Robert!

PRR Bridge in D.C. - Driving south towards New York Avenue N.E. on Bladensburgh Avenue N.E. (U. S. 1) in Washington, D.C., on 19 Feb 2012, I spotted this RR overpass bridge still bearing its old Pennsy lettering (25 Feb 2012):

[19 Feb 2012 image by and © 2012 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved]

Unfortunately, the cell phone didn't do this justice but you get the idea.

John C. Wenrich - Artist - John C. Wenrich, 1894-1970, was a Rochester, NY, artist who was a student at the Rochester Athenaeum and Mechanics Institute (now the Rochester institute of Technology - RIT).  He was best known for his architectural illustrations and renderings; RIT has a collection of his student work.  He later taught and worked at RIT and he did three incredible PRR pieces which turned up in England; the owner, Stuart Wilson, would like more information about both the artist and the pieces (images cropped by SB,III) (22 Mar 2014):

[image by and © 2014 S. Wilson - all rights reserved]
{Click on picture for larger image}

Wenrich PRR Picture Number 1, 1956
Generic L1

[image by and © 2014 S. Wilson - all rights reserved;
retouched slightly (glare) by SB,III]
{Click on picture for larger image}

Wenrich PRR Picture Number 2, 1956
I1S #4620

[image by and © 2014 S. Wilson - all rights reserved]
{Click on picture for larger image}

Wenrich PRR Picture Number 3, 1957
Famed E6S #460 - the "Lindbergh Engine"

The enlarged areas of the signatures are for your edification; RIT has autheticated the signatures as Wenrich's:

Wenrich1s Wenrich2s Wenrich3s
{Click on pictures for larger images}

Any assistance will be greatly appreciated.

Driving around downtown Philadelphia in heavy traffic (thus no pictures of my own), I was startled to see the old PRR Suburban Station still standing and still so identified:   new (04 Apr 2016)


Per Wikipedia, Suburban Station is an art deco office building and underground commuter rail station in Penn Center, at 16th Street and JFK Boulevard.  It was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad to replace the original Broad Street Station and opened on 28 Sep 1930.  One Penn Center served as the headquarters of the PRR from 1930 to 1957.

For tall tales of the Berlinerwerke and its equipment and such (much of which is PRR or PRR-ish,
visit the Berlinerwerke Apocrypha page, et seq.

BW Key

You will specially appreciate (or hate)
  the PRR Class Z6s Arctic 4-2-2,
  the PRR Class V Rocky 4-14-2,
  the PRR Genesis Engine (unlikely!), and
  the PRR Centipede Engine 4-D-D-4 (even more unlikely, but oh, 'tis true, 'tis true!).

You may wish to visit the Railroad Page, et seq.

frstpage.gif prevpage.gif
of this series of Pennsylvania Railroad pages.


  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.


See Copyright Notice on primary home page.

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