S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com LONG ISLAND Continuation Page 1 keywords = Long Island Nassau Suffolk Queens Brooklyn Paumanok Walt Whitman Hempstead Oyster Bay North South Fork Sound Glen Cove Head Sea Cliff Muttontown Babylon Islip Huntington Smithtown Brookhaven East Hampton Riverhead Southold Shelter Island Southampton aviation cradle Dudgeon Ultrasonic Rockaway Indian Native American Culluloo Telawana Rock Hall Lords Lord's Woods Brenda Frazier Shipwreck Kelly Suydam House

Updated:   26 Oct 2019; 15:20 ET
[Page created 08 Nov 2000; converted 03 Oct 2011;

(Some lost images restored 24 and 30 Oct and 12 Nov 2003)
    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
URL:  http://sbiii.com/longis-1.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/longis-1.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher

note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.

{Many images lost; see Problem}

S. Berliner, III's


Long Island
Continuation Page 1

note-rt - I moved from Long Island to Massachusetts in July 2010
and these pages may not be kept current.

Page Index

Partially truncated - see fully-linked index on main LI page, ff.

On the main Long Island page:

Long Island Studies Institute.
Long Island's Original Inhabitants (Native Americans/Indians).
Walt Whitman.

On the Long Island Continuation Page 0 (material moved 17 Mar 04):<>

Long Island (and related) Links
Long Island's Original Inhabitants (Native Americans/Indians).
    (Moved from the main LI page on 17 Mar 2004)
Culluloo Telawana (last of the Rockaway Indians).
    (Moved from the main LI page on 17 Mar 2004)
Inisfada - St. Ignatius Retreat House.
    (Moved from LI continuation page 1 on 17 Mar 2004)   rev (26 Oct 2019)
Gould Gatehouse.
Bella Vista Auto Enthusiasts Hangout.
Glen Head.
Nassau Brick Works.

On this Long Island Continuation Page 1:<>

1906 Hyde Map of Long Island.
Long Island's Original East End.
Rock Hall.
Lord's Woods.
Inisfada - St. Ignatius Retreat House.
    (Moved from this page to LI continuation page 0 on 17 Mar 2004)   rev (26 Oct 2019)
Long Island Questions.

On the Long Island Continuation Page 2:

Suydam Homestead (Suydam House and Barn Museum).
Oyster Bay - village, town, ship, station
Sea Cliff.
Great Paths - Indian Trails to Highways,

On the Long Island Continuation Page 3:

Long Island Automotive Manufacturing.

This page was separated out from my main Long Island page
and neither is restricted to just the history of Long Island.

[See the disclaimer on the History page and AUTHORITY on my Home Page.]


A great place to live, to explore
(and to go broke)!

[It's upscale and expensive and getting more so every day.
What will happen to all those affluent middlemen and .com-ers
and their flashy showpiece homes when the bubble breaks?]

DIRECTIONAL NOTE: - Long Island actually aligns west-southwest by east-northeast but locals use "north" to mean compass north-northwest, etc.

Long Island, called Paumanok by the local Algonkian Native Americans (13 "tribes" of them), is shaped like a whale running east to west, with the twin forks as the tail flukes facing east towards England, which is why it was nicknamed the Sunrise Homeland by developers between the wars:

LI Outline Map
(Map by and 2000 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

Manhattan is to the far left (west) across the East River (actually only a tidal estuary) and New York City, which encompasses Manhattan, Staten Island, and the Bronx, also includes Brooklyn [the lower left (southwest) corner of Long Island and Queens [the upper left (northwest) corner of the Island. Connecticut is to the top (north) across Long Island Sound, with Rhode Island to its east, diagonally upper-right (northwest). Peconic Bay is between the forks and the Atlantic Ocean is at the bottom (south), beyond the Great South Bay, enclosed by the long string of barrier beaches - Coney Island at the far left (west), Rockaway Beach, Atlantic Beach, Long Beach Jones Beach, Fire Island, the Hamptons, and finally Montauk Point itself at the far right (east). The north fork ends at Orient Point, with Plum Island just offshore and Gardiners Island between the points

Speaking of Manhattan, directly across the East River is Long Island City, where the Steinway piano factory on Queens Plaza was originally the home and factory of the American Mercedes (ca. 1914), as well as of the American Rolls-Royce for a short while thereafter. .

1906 Hyde Map of Long Island


For a huge set of segments of the 1906 E. Belcher Hyde map of Long Island, done by Albert Volk, "Map Engraver" of Philadelphia, click on:


So far, I have not found a link to these on NEWSDAY's LI History site; to access the other segments, substitute the numbers 1 through 38 (!) in place of the 1 ("X"), i.e.:


There is a staggering amount of turn-of-the-20th-century (pre-WWI) LI information, such as all the LIRR junctions, and LIRR Pres. Austin Corbin's estate on map 15, just SSE of Deer Park.  The resolution is not quite good enough to read all property owners's names but many are quite legible, such as William K. Vanderbilt, Jr.'s property (Deepdale) at Lakeville.

It takes quite a while to download and save all 38 maps, mostly in the 200-250Mb range (several were ~300-400 and 2, 5, and 8 are ~500-550), but they are a treasure!  The right hand (east) margin is at Stony Brook/Sayville.Cherry Grove (maps 16-18).  What appears to be a second sheet continues eastward from maps 19-21.  The scale of miles is repeated occasionally.  Riverhead is on map 26.  Maps 25-27 are the end of that sheet, Roanoke-Centerville/Quogue, and another sheet runs east to Orient on map 32 and Amagansett on map 33.  34 has Plum and most of Gardiner's Islands, 35 runs "Hither" and yon, and 37 FINALLY gets us out to Montauk!

[38 appears to be an exact duplicate of 28 {???}.]

Whew!  9.74Mb total!!!  But well worth the trouble.  What a rich find.  I will be adding an index here to the corners and major features of the map segments. .

Long Island's Original East End

Long Island's Original East End,
and its connection to New England (Courtesy of an E-correspondent)

This is the story of the Island of Martha's Vineyard and the 300+year old tradition that followed Martha's Island through three name changes, two states, and a typographical error in a legislative bill.

On November 1, 1683, when the first General Assembly of Freeholders established the first 12 counties of New York and created the office of Sheriff in each county,Martha's Vineyard was known as Martin's Vineyard and was in Dukes County in New York. The other original counties were Albany, Cornwall, Dutchess, Kings, New York, Orange, Queens, Richmond, Suffolk, Ulster and Westchester.

The effect of these laws was to combine the separate jurisdiction of the Vineyard and the Island of Nantucket and to add another office or two to the civil list, which was promptly filled by Matthew Mayhew, of Martin's Vineyard, who seemed to feel that nothing was too small for his attention from chief magistrate down to register of deeds. Prior to this, Nantucket had been conducting its own affairs under a local autonomy subject to a certain suzerainty of the Mayhew proprietary government.

Martin's Vineyard becomes Mathew's Vineyard at or before a meeting of Dukes County officials meeting at Nantucket on September 21, 1686, to discuss the establishment and timing of when the Court would meet on each of the main islands of the county.

On October 7, 1691, by the Charter of William and Mary, Dukes as well as Cornwall County leave New York and become counties in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.  However, with the passage to Massachusetts, the good people of Nantucket, after several tries, were finally successful in their attempt to separate from the grip of the Mayhews on what is now (and forevermore) Martha's Vineyard.  On May 28, 1695, the General Court (Assembly) of Massachusetts allowed Nantucket to secede from Dukes County, but the enacting legislation permanently changed the name of Dukes to "Dukes County" by inadvertently putting the word "County" after Dukes in the bill.

Cornwall County became part of Maine when Maine seceded from Massachusetts in 1820.  Cornwall County included Pemaquid and its dependencies, comprising what is now a considerable part of the coast of Maine.

Rock Hall

This is an old pre-revolutionary (ca. 1767) Georgian house, at 199 Broadway (south side) in Lawrence, immediately east of the Lawrence Middle School (the former High School) and about a half mile west of the Queens border (Far Rockaway), that has been fully restored and furnished.  I used {1947-51) to sit at the western edge of the stock pond alongside the barn (all of which are now gone), with a friend during high school lunch hours, singing {sic} folk songs.  All that's left is the house itself, shown here looking south on 04 Nov 00; a southerly extension of Lawrence Middle School is to the west (right) and expensive ticky-tacky to the east (left), taking up the farmlands that formerly surrounded the house:


Rock Hall was built by (very) wealthy Antiguan plantation (and slave) owner Josiah Martin, who had been frightened off that island by slave insurrections.  He was an Engish gentleman and an ardent Royalist and so suffered here, as well, as did his son, Dr. Samuel Martin (RCPS, Edinburgh), who inherited the house and its 600 acre farm after his father's death at 79 in 1778.  The house languished and most of its furnishings were sold off; finally Thomas G. Hewlett, a friend of the Martins, bought the house and 125 acres in 1824 to prevent its further decay and his family and descendants, who added a service wing ca. 1881, lived there until 1948.  Rather than let the house go commercially, the Hewletts gave the house and the small remaining parcel of land to the Town of Hempstead as a museum and the Town has maintained it as such ever since and has recently refurbished it with the assistance of SPLIA (the Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities), which also has a Web page about the Hall.  On 08 Nov 2000, I went back for an up-to-the-minute tour (very well worth the time) and took more photos - here are the state historical marker, the main gate from Broadway, looking south, and the Town sign:


Walking around to the back, here are the SW corner and the S face (which, in fact, is actually the front of the house) and used to command a view of the Atlantic Ocean over the barrier beach (now Atlantic Beach) across Reynolds Channel:


It took some doing but I finally located the "official" Town of Hempstead Rock Hall Website, with an impressive Calendar of Events.

Lord's Woods

Lord's Woods, named after the first white owner (not Jahweh), occupied about a two-mile stretch along the area now carrying Peninsula Boulevard west-southwest to east-northeast, through Woodmere and Hewlett due east of JFK and north of the bays; it was dense original growth with giant trees stretching to the skies and rather marshy.  Naturally, it was all torn down for ticky-tacky housing in the '50s, after the Boulevard was cut through the middle; "they tore down Paradise - and put up a parking lot"!  I played there as a pre-teen, especially biking a dirt path down the center, and my sister went to a girls day camp there, Peninsula Girls (PG, which they called "Pigs' Garbage").  The original old Lord house still existed some 10 to 20 years ago but I couldn't find it on 04 Nov 00.  I found my copy of Robert Arbib's lovely book, "The Lord's Woods - The passing of an American woodland", 1971, W. W. Norton & Company, New York, SBN {sic} 393 08639 9, LoC 73-139373, with an endpaper map, a good history, and one of the most evocative ecological pictures of an American paradise I've ever read.  In my copy of the book, I found a forgotten letter from the previous homeowner, who bought the house in 1961, dated 20 Jun 1989 (happily with their family name), parents of a young draftsman working for me at the time.  I found the former owner and was advised where to find the house (I'd only been a house away on 04 Nov 00!).  I'll excerpt pertinent information from the letter soon; suffice it to say that Lord was an early muckety-muck with the Borden Milk Company, and the house was part of a very large estate with four houses (I wonder if the Lee Mansion, recently demolished, was one of them), built ca. 1814, was owned by Harold Minsky in the late '20s-'30s, and was drastically reduced in size (two wings removed) when the property was broken up.  On 07 Nov 2000, I went back and there it was, not exactly as I remembered, but recognizable; here it is from the NW (the only clear view of it):


Then, here it is from the NNE twice, ducking branches, and from the rear (S, to the N), again twice, from Bryant Street to the south, ducking branches:


Being in the area on 26 Aug 2007, I took these two substitute pictures with a cell phone - looking NW and N:

LordNW LordNW (26 Aug 2007 pictures by and © 2007 S. Berliner, III - All Rights Reserved)

The house has been heavily modified, apparently without much regard for historicity, and is at 855 Briar Place, on the south side, one house in from Longacre Avenue, between Bryant and Dickens Streets in Woodmere, only one block west of Woodmere Boulevard, half way between Peninsula Boulevard and West Broadway.

Arbib's book mentions Ben Berliner (no relation) as a tireless champion of the Lord's Woods; he is not William's brother alluded to as the Yale medical dean noted on my Long Island Berliners list but almost certainly the B.C. Berliner, a doctor who lived on East Rockaway Road in Hewlett or East Rockaway ca. 1950.

It has, malheureusement, no photos, but the endpapers are a delightful map, "The Lord's Woods - A reconstruction of their state about 1930", by Arbib and Richard Edes Harrison.

" 'Whose wood these are I think I know - - - .' "

"Whose wood these are I do not know."

"I was nine years old that June afternoon so many years ago when
  we first discovered the Lord's Woods, and the world was unspoiled
  and filled with mysteries."

I was eleven [although we'd spent summers in the area, I was not allowed that far until we moved down full-time and I could ride over (and through) on my big bike]; my sister went to a summer day camp, deep in the Lord's Woods, named Peninsula Girls (PG), but we all called it Pigs Garbage!

As of 05 Mar 2002, the Nassau County Library System's ALIS (Automated Library Information System) shows that nine Nassau County libraries still have thirteen copies available for loan or reference.

One of the many surviving "Gold Coast" mansions was that of Nicholas and Genevieve Garvan Brady in North Hills (Manhasset), Inisfada, meaning "Long Island" in Gaelic.  Through an error, coverage of this place was retained and partially-updated on this LONG ISLAND Continuation Page 1.  All coverage was moved to, and is now updated further on:

LONG ISLAND Continuation Page 0 at Inisfada - St. Ignatius Retreat House.

Please click on this above link to go there.

Oyster Bay - village, town, ship, and station - moved to Continuation page 2 on 29 Apr 02.  See the Long Island Rail Road pages 5, 7, and 8 for detailed coverage of the Oyster Bay LIRR station under Victorian Stations Still Standing on Long Island, notably also East Williston and Sea Cliff.

Sea Cliff - moved to Continuation page 2 on 29 Apr 02.

Long Island Questions

Raimund Corssen is (or was) the name of the BMW dealer in Oyster Bay (I finally remembered that and verified it) but what was the name of the old Grand Prix race car driver who became a restaurateur on Route 25A in Centerport just south of the harbor?  The place was the Bella Vista (later the Casa del Mare and now The Silver Swan), at 441 East Main Street, and so much information has flowed in on it that I moved it to its own coverage on LI page 0.

How about that Lee Mansion question, noted in the Lord House description, above?

WHAZZIT? - is this just a root cellar?:


That's a pretty fancy entrance for a root cellar!  This odd structure sits just under the crest of a north-south escarpment on the west side of Route 107, Cedar Swamp Road, just south of Glen Cove and just north of, and across 107 from, the west end of Chicken Valley Road, directly opposite Pheasant Lane.  It could be a WWII bomb shelter or Korean vintage fallout shelter, but I'd have situated those deep under the crest, not up near it.  It could be a tunnel from the Underground Railroad, for escaping slaves, but it's rather overdone and too obvious for that.  Far too visible for a bootlegger's entrance to, or mobster's exit from, a nearby mansion.  So, I repeat; wazzit?

Picking this up from the HELPER section on my LIRR Historical Society Page:

On the subject of "what is it?", Dave Morrison sent in this photo of a wall tile from the Long Beach Station and wonders about its design (I show it inverted to make my point):

Long Beach Sta. Tile
(Photo (inverted) by and courtesy of D. Morrison - all rights reserved)

I maintain that it shows two heraldic lions (no, NOT sea lions), rampant, flanking Neptune's trident.  Does anyone have a better idea or, even better yet, any actual documentation as to the significance?


I added a few details relating to black Americans, Long Island, and Unitarianism on my Unitarian page.

See the Long Island Motor Parkway page, et seq.

A Motor Parkway Panel has been convened to keep the LIMP alive in minds and museums.

Speaking of L. I. roads, how about that fascinating Skunk's Misery Road in Lattingtown?

Skunk's Misery Road signs at West End Avenue and at 10th Street in Glen Cove
and at Overlook Road in Lattingtown:

Skunk's Misery at West End Skunk's Misery at 10th St. Skunk's Misery at Overlook
(Pictures by and © 1999 S. Berliner, III - All Rights Reserved)
[Thumbnail images; click on pictures for large images.]

It's Lattingtown Road on the south side in Glen Cove and
Skunk's Misery on the north side in Lattingtown.

When Specialties, Inc., moved from Skunk's Misery Road to Syosset,
they supposedly petitioned the Postal Service to maintain their unique address.

Long Island Chopper - H34 to fly again - the Marines have landed in Jamesport and want to take off in their own Vietnam Sikorsky H34 Dog - take a look!

Also anent roads, the rise of the automobile is what gave impetus to the burgeoning highway system; see LI page 2 for more on LI Automotive manufacturing.

See also the Fairchild Aerial Survey page.


  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.


See Copyright Notice on primary home page.

Please visit the main Automotive Page, et seq.

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