S. Berliner, III's sbiii.com Naval Weapons Station Earle RR Page keywords = rail road way navy Naval Weapons Station Earle Tinton Falls Pier Complex Wye Waterfront Mainside munition ammunition ammo explosive ordnance model train boxcar

Updated:   10 Apr 2018 ; 17:45  ET
[Page created 07 Aug 2015

    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
URL:  http://sbiii.com/rr-earle.html

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher

note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I have been scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.

S. Berliner, III's


Naval Weapons Station Earle RR Page


Continuation Page


NOTE:  Page size was limited by HTML to 30kB; thus, I was forced to add continuation pages to fit the lengthy Horseshoe Curve and Berlinerwerke sagas and relocate the Vest Pocket Railroads You Can Model.


On the main RR page:
  Link to ALCo Love Song (moved 16 Dec 1999 to it's own separate page)
  EMD Paean
  New York, Boston & Westchester Railroad
  Standard Gauge

On this NWS Earle RR page:   new.gif (07 Aug 2015)
  Naval Weapons Station Earle.
  History of NWS Earle.
    History (after Wikipedia).
    Facilities (after Wikipedia).
      Pier Complex (2.9-mile trestle and dock facility).
      Waterfront (land-based transfer station.
      Mainside (10,000 acres (40 km2) inland in Colts Neck, NJ.
    History (after USN CNIC).
  Munitions Storage - bunkers, revetments, and warehouses.   added.gif (14 Aug 2015)
  NWS Earle Railroad Shops.   added.gif (14 Aug 2015)
  NWS Earle Modeling Features.
    Pier Complex.
    Waterfront Yard
        with the Ohmsett Tank (23 Aug 2015).
    Mainside Yard.
  USGS Topo Maps.
  U. S. Navy Boxcars (15 Aug 2015).

On the Naval Weapons Station Concord RR page (27 Aug 2015):
  History of NWS Concord.
    History (after Wikipedia).
    Port Chicago Naval Magazine Disaster (after Wikipedia).
  Munitions Storage - bunkers, revetments, and warehouses.
  NWS Concord Modeling Features.
  USGS Topo Maps.
  U. S. Navy Boxcars.

On the Naval Weapons Station Yards RR page, other Naval Weapons Stations:   added (27 Aug 2015)
  NWS Seal Beach, which includes these detachments (all in California)
Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach, itself.
    Naval Weapons Station Fallbrook.
    Naval Weapons Station Norco.
    Naval Weapons Station San Diego.
        (as well as NWS Concord, below)
  Naval Weapons Station Charleston, in South Carolina.
  Naval Weapons Station Yorktown, in Virginia.

On some of my many other RR pages (truncated):

  ALCO-GE-IR Boxcabs, etc.
  S. Berliner, III's Pennsylvania Railroad Page,
  Brooklyn Eastern District Terminal Railroad
  EMD - Electro-Motive Division of GM - models, etc.,
  Railroads You can Model (such as NWS Earle),
  Schnable and other Giant RR Cars, et seq..
  Long Island Rail Road, et seq.
  PRR Horseshoe and Muleshoe Curves
    etc., etc., etc.

and its

[Railroads You Can Model]





Now, why would I devote a whole page to a Naval Weapons Station, especially in a railroad segment?  Well, it's got a railroad and a pier.  Then, why not put it on a rail-marine page?  Well, it caught my fancy and the more I looked into it, the more it appealed from many aspects in addition to railroad and rail-marine operations - ordnance, history, New York locale (I was born a NYer and remained such most of my life), related disasters (Black Tom, Picatinny Arsenal, SS El Estero, Halifax, Port Chicago, etc.), and on and on.  The NWS Earle story even touches on Big Cranes (as in derricks, not birds), as you will see.

Most of my rail-marine coverage has to do with car floating but that in no way detracts from NWS Earle, which is a dockage facility, as a rail-marine operation.

It also appeals as an interesting modeling possibility, especially as a shelf layout.  It basically consists of three primary components, "Mainside", a huge inland ammunition storage facilty, "Waterfront", a big transfer station, and it's associated 2.9-mile-long "Pier Complex", a 2-mile-long trestle and three docks where ammo ships tie up and are loaded.  All this is connected by a 15-mile dual-track railroad, with extensive yards at each end, and a parallel dedicated military highway (Normandy Road) alongside.

Naval Weapons Station Earle [after Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]:

  [Naval Weapons Stations (NWS) were formerly known as Naval Ammunition Depots (NAD).]   added (05 Apr 2018)

Naval Weapons Station Earle is a United States Navy base in New Jersey. Its distinguishing feature is a 2.9-mile pier in Sandy Hook Bay where ammunition can be loaded and unloaded from warships at a safe distance from heavily populated areas.  NWS Earle was established as it was in large part as a result of the disastrous New York City area explosions at Black Tom pier in WWI (30 Jul 1916) and Picatinny Arsenal on 10 Jul 1926.

The station is divided into two sections: Mainside, located in parts of Colts Neck Township, Howell Township, Wall Township, and Tinton Falls at 40°15'00"N 74°09'00"W; and the Waterfront area (which includes the Pier Complex), on Sandy Hook Bay, located in the Leonardo section of Middletown Township, at 40°24'30"N 74°04'30"W. The areas are connected by Normandy Road, a 15-mile (24 km) military road and parallel rail line.

  1 - History
  2 - Facilities


World War II operations demanded an ammunition depot near the greater New York metropolitan area but away from high-population sectors. Planning was hastened in early 1943 after the ammunition ship SS El Estero caught fire while moored in Bayonne, New Jersey. If the stowed and dockside explosives had detonated at once, in the manner of the great Halifax Explosion, the blast could have damaged parts of Bayonne and even Lower Manhattan. A board was established to locate a suitable site, and chose Sandy Hook Bay, which featured a safe, sheltered, and nearby port where ships could take on ammunition. Rail lines could bring in the ammunition from the west, where the majority of ammunition shipments originated. The rural area meant few local residents would be affected.

On August 2, 1943, construction began on Naval Ammunition Depot Earle, named after Rear Admiral Ralph Earle, the chief of the Bureau of Ordnance during World War I. The depot was commissioned on December 13, 1943, though work continued on the military road and railway connecting the mainside complex, the waterfront complex and the pier, which stretches 2.9 miles (4.7 km) into the Sandy Hook Bay and comprises 2.9 miles (4.7 km) of pier / trestle surface area.

Earle continued to develop after World War II, keeping pace with the changing needs of the navy. In 1974, the depot's name was changed to Naval Weapons Station Earle.

NWS Earle serves (or served*) as homeport for the ammunition auxiliaries USS Butte (AE-27)*, USS Suribachi (AE-21), USS Nitro (AE-23)*, USS Detroit (AOE-4)*, and USS Seattle (AOE-3)*.

    [* - stricken]


- - - * - - -

[Please note that on 04 Apr 2018 I was advised by D. L. McDonnell, who was born and raised in Colts Neck township (where most of the Mainside is located) that the political geography of what follows is 'way off; Mr. NcDonnell provided copious emedations which I will have to digest and add here when I get a round tuit.  Basically, the town and township boundaries noted herein and on the USGS Topo Maps below don't seem to jibe with reality or, at least, with current boundaries.]   new (04 Apr 2018)

- - - * - - -


uit. NWSEarleMainside

Mainside: The 10,000 acres (40 km2) in Colts Neck house most of Earle's departments and facilities. The Navy Munitions Command, Detachment Earle, performs the station's primary mission: storing and providing ammunition to the fleet. Military and civilian personnel operate the inland storage, renovation, transshipment and demilitarization facilities.


Waterfront: At the Waterfront Complex, the Navy Munitions Command provides ammunition for nearly every class of ship operated by the navy and United States Coast Guard as well as commercial vessels from other countries.


Pier Complex: The station's pier complex is one of the longest "finger piers" in the world. A two-mile (3 km) trestle connects to three finger piers. One mile from the shore the trestle branches off to Pier 1. At the junction of Piers 2, 3 and 4, a concrete platform supports a forklift/battery-recharging shop and the port operations building. This area is known as the "wye."  Here's the central pier outboard (north) of the "wye" under construction:

apologia - somehow, between 27 Aug 2015 and 04 Apr 2018, corrections and emendations intended to appear here got scrambled; I have attempted to sort out the mish-mash and hope what results is intelligible.   added (04 Apr 2018)


Strictly speaking, there are FIVE (5) piers - the old pier and it's western fork (now oaet of #, the new pier and its western and eastern forks.

On April 30 1946 the destroyer escort USS Solar (DE-221) exploded at Leonardo Pier 1, the ammunition pier, while unloading munitions; the story, with pictres is under Minitions Storage on the NWS RR Yards page as an example (bad) of just how critical munitions storahe and handing can be.


In this picture, you can see two Weeks Marine barge-mounted big cranes (just another of my many interests).

History [after USN CNIC (Commander, Navy Installations Command)]:

Red Funnels - the Earle administrative building in 1943 - perhaps an old passenger ferry(?):


Nope; Red Funnels was actually a bar on a nearby higway, "re-purposed".   added (10 Apr 2018)

Long before the opening hostilities of the Second World War, high-ranking officers of both the Army and the Navy realized it would eventually be necessary to establish a base for the loading of explosives somewhere in the Port of New York, focal point for all important rail lines of the Country.  By 1943 the need had become urgent.  The declaration of war had vastly increased shipments of explosives, the bulk of the loading falling upon Caven Point Army Depot in Jersey City NJ.  During both World Wars, Caven Point's proximity to key rail networks and the ports of New York and New Jersey made it invaluable for the marshalling of troops, munitions and materials heading for front lines in Europe.  However, because of its proximity to densely populated areas, and proximity to military facilities, Caven Point was considered an extreme hazard.  Studying the problem, the Army and the Navy reached the same conclusion: the south side of Sandy Hook Bay was the ideal strategic location.  Though sights were initially set on Port Monmouth, due to costs, a coastal site in the Leonardo section of Middletown was selected, along with a large unimproved area of Monmouth County 12 miles to the south.  Connecting the two areas would be an almost direct rail and road corridor now called Normandy Road.  Collectively, the facility provided the desired proximity to commercial rail facilities, New York City, New York Harbor, and the open-ocean; yet was remote to dense populations, bridges, tunnels, and shipping channels.  Initially estimated to cost $25M, a reduced $14M plan was approved by the Secretary of the Navy and, on August 2, 1943, construction began on what was to be Naval Ammunition Depot Earle, named in honor of Rear Admiral Ralph Earle, the Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance during the First World War.  NAD Earle was commissioned on December 13, 1943, by which time the War and Navy Departments had collaborated to expand the project to include facilities for Army ammunition.  Substantially complete by June 1, 1944, the cost for NAD Earle ultimately totaled $51.8M.  Quickly the focal point for ordnance shipping, NAD Earle loaded the majority of ammunition used by the Allies for the invasion of Normandy, an achievement for which Normandy Road is so named.  Earle continued to develop after World War II, keeping pace with the changing needs of the Navy and DoD during the Cold War.  In 1974, Earle's name was officially changed to Naval Weapons Station Earle.  In subsequent years, Earle proved its strategic worth as the DoD transshipment site for ordnance used in Operation Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

The Station's Pier complex is one of the longest "finger piers" in the world.  It is presently comprised of a two-mile long trestle which connects to three finger piers - Piers 2, 3 and 4.  One mile from the shore the trestle branches off to Pier 1, which is not currently used.  At the junction of Piers 2, 3 and 4 a concrete platform supports the port operations building and a few other structures.  This area is known as the "wye."

The original piers and trestle were constructed in the 1940's during World War II.  The "wye" was added in 1981, Pier 4 was completed in 1990, and a new main approach trestle was constructed in 1993.  Elevated loading platforms line both sides of each pier.

Since World War II, the pier complex has provided ammunition services to almost every class of vessel operated by the Navy and Coast Guard as well as commercially owned vessels from a multitude of nations.


The pierhead from the air (looking south-southwesterly):


Heading inland (southerly), there are many scenic details to note, enjoy, and even model, such as where the rights of way run between this reservoir and racetrack between Phalanx and West Shrewsbury:


Major crossings of the railroad and Normandy Road are depressed or elevated, including a double-track over double-track crossing and, especially, where the Garden State Parkway flies over the two rights-of-way.  Even inside the reservation, major crossings are grade-separated; most crossings are at grade, however (27 Aug 2015).

Mystery - Supposedly, the burned-out wreck of the grand old Hudson River Day Liner, the PS Alexander Hamilton,


was readily visible where she burned on the east side of the NWS Earle pier:

(image enhanced by SB,III}

but I sure can't find her; perhaps her hulk was removed when the piers were rebuilt.

Nope, I have been advised by an authoritative base source that she sits alongside Pier {#?} where she sank after burning in 1977

the PS Alexander Hamilton Is still There, just not afloat.7nbsp; She's currently sitting at the bottom of the bay beside our pier under approximately 15-20 feet of water.  She caught fire and sunk in 1977.  Her masts are now gne but you can still see the tops of what's left of her badly-deteriortaed paddle-wheel housings sticking up at low tide.   rec (10 Apr 2018)

This was confirmed by Rich Galliano of NJ Scuba Diving.

[Excerpt of 2007 NOAA Hydrographic Chart for Raritan Bay - altered by S. Berliner, III 28 Aug 2015]

The Alexander Hamilton was the last of the steam powered side-wheel river boats of the Hudson River Day Line.  Built in 1924, she ceased operations in 1971.  A well-meaning group pulled the Hamilton from the mud in 1977 and moved her to a temporary berth along the east side of the Navy pier, planning to restore her as a museum.  Unfortunately, at the new more-exposed location, the old vessel sank and was reduced to scrap by a sudden storm in November of that year.

Speaking of storms, Hurricane Sandy hit on 29 Oct 2102 and, among its less-severe effects, blew away the walkway connecting the end of Pier 2 to the piers (columns) intended for expansion northward; you can see the before and after here (at far left):   added (10 Apr 2018)

[Montage by S. Berliner, III 10 Apr 2018]

The only effect of any note was that local fishermen were sadly disappointed to lose a prime spot.

Now for a romantic view of the pier by twilight (or whatever), looking NW across Sandy Hook towards Keanesburg, with Raritan Bay beyond, and Leonardo at the far left:


Earle used Baldwin VO1000s as motive power for a long time:


Here's one of the replacements, EMD SW1200 #7, working the pier - note the white USN ammo boxcars:


The Navy even hosted a fan trip in 2000 (with an SP* escort all the way):

[* = Shore Patrol, NOT Southern Pacific!]


Since then, the Navy has taken delivery of some GenSet locos; this is a screenshot of the last USN 3GS18B-R Genset #65-00648 being hauled by CSX in CSAO SA31 through Red Bank on 05 Dec 2013:


Munitions Storage

One of the first rules of explosive ordnance storage is DISPERSE, DISPERSE, DISPERSE!  NWS Earle certainly obeys that rule - amply:


Let's take a look at how munitions are stored safely; the rail lines run south from the Pier Complex, through the Waterfront yard, and then branch out all over Mainside:


Zooming in on just the top center of that photo, you begin to see the incredible detail involved:


Long-term explosive munitions storage is in underground bunkers, with massive embankments around all four sides and a relatively thin roof so that, in case of an accident, any resultant explosion will be directed straight up.





The rail line runs right alongside a massive concrete facade, with buried bunkers at right angles.

Shorter-term explosives storage, and there seems to be a lot of that, is in white Navy 1½-door ammunition boxcars@ (USN #61-05822 here):



Looking more closely at the multitudinous stub spurs, you can see that each is surrounded on three sides by high embankments, known as revetments, and that no spurs point into the mouth of any other:


and then, looking right down into a spur, you can see just how deeply the spur burrows between the revetments:


Non-explosive munitions are stored in warehouses; our interest here is in those served by rail lines:




There is also a plethora of truck-served bunkers:


Homing in one site of truck-served bunkers solely because I like the name, "Hominy Hills":   added (15 Aug 2015)




Again, note the buried bunker with a concrete front wall, single this time, but here they also have berms opposite the entrance to block any blast through the entrance.

- - - * - - -

There is good reason for all this precaution.  NWS Concord had its (in)famous 1944 Port Chicago Naval Magazine disaster, which resulted in the death of 320 men and injury of several hundred-sailors and civilians, and then in 1946, three blasts ripped open the USS Solar, DDE-221, while unloading munitions pierside at Earle; seven sailors were killed and thirty dock workers were injured.  Solar was ripped wide open and a witness stated that the blast left "a half moon crater thru about 5' of concrete".  More on this latter disaster, with pictures, is on the Naval Weapons Stations Yards RR Page.   added (06 Apr 2018)

NWS Earle Railroad Shops -

All this railroad equipment has to be serviced and, sure enough, looking at the topographic maps (below), there are, unmistakeably, the shops, only half-a-mile due west of the Mainside yard:


So, going back to the satellite views, we find them:






Looking closely, we can identify, at the very least, white (and rusty) boxcars, two tank cars, what appears to be a white 44/45-tonner, a scale test car, or an extended vision caboose, an SW-1200, and two heavy-duty flatcars, plus spare wheelsets.

  [I wonder if those "two heavy-duty flatcars" aren't, in fact, just underframes from scrapped boxcars.]   new (05 Apr) 2018)

    [Note the misspelling, "Siapan Rd", which should read "Saipan Rd".]

NWS Earle Modeling Features -

For those with a serious interest in modeling the yards, here are composite satellite views of the Pier Complex and the yards at Waterfront and Mainside.

First an overview of the Pier Complex in Sandy Hook Bay, with Sandy Hook at right (east), and just the Pier Complex itself:

NWSPierComplexSat1 NWSPierComplexSat2

Next a composite satellite view of the entire Pier Complex (except for non-featured sections - i.e.: only sections with special trackwork or other major features are shown, NOT the entire 2.9 miles) (with north at the right):

(click on thumbnailed picture for full image and SCROLL away!)
{unfinished - to be completed}

Similarly, the Waterfront yard:

(click on thumbnailed picture for full image and SCROLL away!)
{unfinished - to be completed}

and the Mainside yard:

(click on thumbnailed picture for full image and SCROLL away!)

Just for an example, a rather neat shelf layout could incorporate minimal features such as the active piers and trestle, the old Pier #1, a bit of Waterfront yard, the water pool, a building or two or more, the "main" line, a highway underpass, a rail overpass, some bunkers and some spurs in revetments.  If you want to get fancy and have the room, go for a double-tracked "main" and even a hidden return loop.  To get REALLY wild, model the sunken, burned-out PS Alexander Hamilton!

(13 Aug 2015 image by and © 2015 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

I had an afterthought on 16 Aug 2015 - if you want more action and can't fit in a loop, substitute a "FIDDLE YARD" or some such:   added (16 Aug 2015)

(16 Aug 2015 image by and © 2015 S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)

If you can't spin it, lift it out with a train on it, reverse it end for end, and put back the other way 'round (or have more than one yard available and swap them - in a very small space, you could even have a stack of yards to alternate)!

I thought I'd discovered another yard at NWS Earle, about a mile SSE of the Mainside yard, complete with the requisite strings of white boxcars - well, in a way I did.  I'll call it "Shark Yard" because of its location at the Shark River (so-called) but it seems to lie alongside and outside the south-eastern boundary of the reservation (15 Aug 2015):


It appears to be on the main line of the Conrail line south from Fort Monmouth.

Incidentally, that big pool or tank at Waterfront turns out to be the Ohmsett research and training facility's 2.6 million-gallon saltwater tank (23 Aug 2015):


Run by the U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, it is used in studying the application of dispersants in response to oil spills.  Ohmsett is the 1974 National Oil Spill Response Test Facility.  ' Far from being a person's name, Ohmsett is an acronym for "Oil and Hazardous Materials Simulated Environmental Test Tank".  It is the only facility of its kind where full-scale oil spill response equipment testing, research, and training can be conducted in a marine environment with oil under controlled environmental conditions, with variables such as waves, temperature, and oil types able to be controlled.


The diagram can help you model this feature should you so wish.

USGS Topo Maps

- - - * - - -

[Please note that on 04 Apr 2018 I was advised by D. L. McDonnell, who was born and raised in Colts Neck township (where most of the Mainside is located) that the political geography of what precedes is 'way off; Mr. NcDonnell provided copious emedations which I will have to digest and add here when I get a round tuit.  Basically, the town and township boundaries noted herein and on the USGS Topo Maps below don't seem to jibe with reality or, at least, with current boundaries.]   new (04 Apr 2018)

- - - * - - -

United States Geological Survey Topographical Maps - these are a fabulous source of information about NWS Earle and define definitively {did I really write that?} the enormous extent of the base (10,000 acres), extending across and into (5) quadrants - (north to south):


    1.  Sandy Hook West (Pier Complex through Waterfront yard to NJ Route 35 in Middletown)
    2.  Marlboro (NJ Route 35 in Middletown to Swimming River Reservoir near Scobeyville) and
    3.      Long Branch West (Swimming River Reservoir near Scobeyville to junctions south of Mainside yard)
    4.  Farmingdale (south of Mainside yard to southwest boundary of NWS at Tinton Falls) and
    5.      Asbury Park (very small part of southeast corner of NWS)

(click on thumbnailed picture for full image and SCROLL away!)
{Topo maps excerpted and joined* by S. Berliner, III 13 Aug 2015 - all rights reserved]
{* - to within one pixel accuracy}

U. S. Navy Boxcars -

I show USN #61-05822 above:


This is USN 61-06646 (left); coupled to it was an unidentifiable car (right - 61-85858 or more likely 61-05858) and, in the same string, 61-04299(?), a different class:   rev (16 Aug 2015)

NWSEarleUSNAmmoBoxcar6106646 NWSEarleUSNAmmoBoxcar#?

(Three photos courtesy of O Gauge Railroading On-Line Forum)

These pix, taken in Apr 1992 at NWS Concord (in California where the conjoined San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers widen into Suisun Bay, site of the Port Chicago disaster of 17 Jul 1944) are of cars used only on the base, NOT in interchange service.

Thanks to the Railroad Prototype Modelers Forum via the Philadelphia Chapter of the NRHS, here are a string of white Navy boxcars up at CP River northwest of Philadelphia on the CSX Trenton Line on 20 Apr 2005:   added (15 Aug 2015)



Individual cars:

USN 61-06516 with 7 panel CRECO doors and riveted side panels:

USN 61-05240 with 5 panel CRECO doors and welded side panels:

USN 61-04790 with Youngstown doors and riveted side panels:

USN 61-05171 was a car that had derailed and also is missing its half door on this side:

USN 61-06516:
(Photos © 2005 John P. Almeida courtesy of RPMF/PC-NRHS - all rights reserved)

These cars were built to haul ammunition, purchased new in the 1950's, part of about 100 that had been recently reconditioned and repainted by a private contractor in Star, NC.  The car numbers 61-06516, 61-04790, 61-04793, 61-05169, 61-05178, 61-04789, 61-04933, 61-05174, 61-05240, 61-06909, 61-06906, 61-06520, 61-05191, 61-04871, 61-04726, and 61-05171.  Most of the cars are 34-tonners, with a 52½ ton load limit, 19½' wide and 14' high, with an inside length of 50½'. Cars 61-05178 and 61-06516 have an 88½ ton load limit.

The cars are all white with round red and yellow reflectors on the side panels in a staggered pattern, ten to a side, five on either side of the doors, starting from the end in R/Y/R/Y/R sequence with the red lower than the yellow, continuing on the ends with two red reflectors low and toward the corners and two yellow reflectors higher and closer to the center line.

There are two types of cars here; most have riveted side panels similar to cars built by Pressed Steel Corporation.  Cars 61-04726, 61-05240 and 61-06520 have welded side panels and are similar to PS-1 boxcars.  Pullman Standard built two lots for the Navy, USNX 8000 through 8879 in 1952 (DF loaders, later renumbered 28000-28879, then into the 61-0XXXX series), and USN 61-04221 through 61-04260 in 1954.  All cars have CRECO doors, either five or seven panels, with the exception of 61-04790, 61-04793, 61-05171, 61-05174 and 61-05191, which have Youngstown corrugated doors.

[I am indebted to the Railroad Prototype Modelers and the Philadelohia Chapter of the NRHS for this material.]


Stay tuned - there's lots more to follow!

[For my next act, we'll examine the Port Chicago Naval Magazine,
a.k.a. Naval Weapons Station Concord; another Railroad You Can Model.]


  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.


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