S. Berliner, III's Railroad Continuation Page 1 keywords = rail road way model train Z HO scale Ztrack Western Fruit Express WFEX Great Northern GN LIRR Long Island Baltimore Chesepeake Ohio B&O C&O steam diesel boxcab locomotive restoration Pennsylvania Pennsy PRR Kiesel Horseshoe Muleshoe Curve Berlinerwerke Vest Pocket Degnon Brooklyn Eastern District Terminal BEDT Marion River Carry Adirondack Raquette Lake New York Boston Westchester Atlantic Cross Harbor Dock LFM "

Updated:   11 Sep 2017; ,  22:55 ET
[Page created 28 Apr 2005
    original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]
URL:  http://sbiii.com/rr1.html
[was at "home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/rr1.html"]

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology
Rail, Auto, Air, Ordnance, and Model Enthusiast
Light-weight Linguist, Lay Minister, and Putative Philosopher

note - The vast bulk of my massive Web presence (over 485 pages) had been hosted by AT&T's WorldNet service since 30 May 1996; they dropped WorldNet effective 31 Mar 2010 and I am scrambling to transfer everything.  Everything's saved but all the links have to be changed, mostly by hand.  See my sbiii.com Transfer Page for any updates on this tedious process.

S. Berliner, III's


Railroad Continuation Page 1

NOTE:  Page size was limited by HTML to 30kB; thus, I was forced to add this continuation page and continuation pages to fit the lengthy Horseshoe Curve and Berlinerwerke sagas and relocate the Vest Pocket Railroads You Can Model.

NOTE:  In addition, I was also forced to move Long Island Rail Road and related Long Island railroad information onto separate LIRR continuation pages.


On the preceding page:
  Link to ALCo Love Song (moved 16 Dec 99 to it's own separate page)
  EMD Paean
  Standard Gauge

On this Railroad Continuation Page (1):
  TRAIN SHED CYCLOPEDIA (the publication - moved from main RR page on 28 Apr 05).
    Index to Train Shed Cyclopedias - Volumes 1 through 50   new (29 Mar 2017)
1941 Loco Prices (moved from main RR page 28 Apr 05).
  Superior Diesel Engines (and Ingalls/GM&O #1900)
  NYC Pacemaker Wreck of 02 Apr 1955 (25 Feb 2014).
  EMD FL-9 Third Rail Pick-Ups.
  L. F. M. Disc Drivers (02 Mar 2011).

On Railroad page 2:
  RR Miscellany, including:
    A and B vs. F (and 1 and 2) Ends.
    Southern Railroad.
    B&O and C&O.
    Bering Strait Tunnel.
  New York, Boston & Westchester Railroad
    (moved from main RR page 09 Oct 2001)

On Railroad page 3:
  (Material moved from Railroad Page 2 on 21 Apr 00)
        including a Staten Island Trackless Trolley!
  Articulateds (and Duplexiii).
  Degrees of Curvature.
  RR Questions (Help)

On Railroad Continuation Page (4):
  Anhalter Bahnhof - world's largest trainshed.
  Trolleys (about nomenclature) {moved from BHRA page on 10 Feb 2005}.

On other pages:

ALCO-GE-IR Boxcabs,
ALCO-GE-IR Survivor Boxcabs continuation page, with roster, and
ALCO-GE-IR Survivor Boxcabs continuation page, with notes,
ALCO-GE-IR CNJ #1000 Survivor Boxcab (the first production unit sold),
ALCO-GE-IR Boxcabs Continuation Page, including LIRR #401,
  the world's first production diesel road switcher, and
Ingersoll-Rand Boxcabs, with a 1929 I-R boxcab brochure,
  and I-R and GE Instruction Sheets for a 1929 600HP, 100-ton unit.
Other Boxcabs, with a boxcabs bibliography.
S. Berliner, III's Pennsylvania Railroad Page,
    and PRR Modeling (Penn Line/Cary/Bowser)
Berlinerwerke Saga (HO-Scale, included with Horseshoe Curve information)
    and continuation pages with prototype and HO/N/S scale dimensions,
      satellite photo, pictures, description of the Horseshoe Curve
Brooklyn Eastern District Terminal Railroad
EMD - Electro-Motive Division of GM - models, etc.,
    including EMD engines EMD may never have dreamed of,
    such as the great DDP45!

Railroads You can Model,
    Marion River Carry Railroad* (now on its own page).
    Vest Pocket Railroads You Can Model:
  Degnon Terminal Railroad, plus
      Murrer's Sidings,
      Kearney Sidings, and
      Blissville/Laurel Hill (and Maspeth and Fresh Pond).
    Vest Pocket Railroads You Can Model - continued
  Atlas Terminal RR

Schnable and other Giant RR Cars.
Schnable Cars Continuation Page.
The Whyte System of Classification (4-4-0, 4-6-2, B-B, etc.).
  plus Z-Scale (1:220) Model Railroading.
      Half-Z Scale - 1:440 Tiny Trains!
Long Island Rail Road
LIRR Continuation Page 3:
 Victorian Stations Still Standing on the LIRR
      (with dimensions).
Long Island Railroads
    Long Island Railroads (old and new flags)
        [with a link to the NYCRR (Hell Gate)], and
  LIRR Bibliography.

Long Island Rail Road Historical Society Home Page.

Brooklyn Historic Railway Association and the legendary LIRR Atlantic Avenue Tunnel.

PRR Horseshoe and Muleshoe Curves
    minor write up here; on separate page with Berlinerwerke Saga
Schnable heavy duty freight cars (with photos!)

RR Miscellany, including:
    B&O and C&O.

Railroad Eagles - my/Dave Morrison's page about the Penn Station and Grand Central Terminal eagles.

Z-Scale (1:220) Model Railroading.
    Z-Scale Page 3 with
    Half-Z Scale - 1:440 Tiny Trains and even 1:900 Tiniest Trains!

HOW TO BOOT A STEAM LOCOMOTIVE or How to hostle without really tiring -
    (Firing up a cold oil burner).

Give Credit Where Credit is Due Department

See the preceding page.

I am not a fan of Dreyfuss styling (nor even of most Loewey designs, Sharks excepted) but this Larry Grossman 32" x 24" poster came in on the cover of Historic Railfan's catalog (08 Feb 06), which was badly mangled, showing "a trio of bullet-nosed J3a Hudsons - - - by a coal station in Schenectady, New York", and I just HAD to repair it as as much as I could and show it here:

{L. Grossman image from Historic Rail - all rights reserved)

(the publication)

and moved here from the main RR page on 28 Apr 05.

On this site, especially in the BOXCABS section, I make extensive reference to, and borrow liberally from, a publication of the mid-1970s put out by by Newton K. Gregg, Publisher, of Novato, California.  In particular, volumes No. 15 of January 1974, covering "HEAVY TRACTION 1922-1941", No. 20 of June 1974, covering "DIESEL ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES 1925-1938", and No. 43 of March 1976, covering "DIESEL & OIL ELECTRICS from Westinghouse (1930) and Ingersoll-Rand (1936)" have been fabulous sources.  As I state elsewhere, the material extracted from these volumes is not of my origin but is from TRAIN SHED CYCLOPEDIA, for which Gregg did not claim copyright; nevertheless I give full credit and provenance in each instance.  However, be advised that Karen Stephans, owner of Stephans Railroad History of Talbott, Tennessee, a dealer in RR books, etc., has purchased all stock and rights to the TRAIN SHED CYCLOPEDIA effective 09 July 2004 (or earlier).  Click here for a listing of available old issues and new reprints.   rev (23 Aug 2012 and 18 Mar 2017)

I met Karen at the NMRA National Train Show in Seattle 09-11 Jul 2004 and she had a very large selection of TRAIN SHED CYCLOPEDIAs on display but if anyone has issues not available through Stephans, please consider contacting Karen re reproduction so we can all benefit.

Please note that many of these photos are builder's or owner's photos and rather arty and so I have taken the liberty of cropping many to minimize the memory used; this is a history of technology, not of the art of photography.

It's not easy to find a full listing of all Train Shed Cyclopedias published; the following is my best shot:

Index to Train Shed Cyclopedias - Volumes 1 through 50   new (29 Mar 2017)

[after Golden Gate Live Steamers, edited]

No. 1:  LOCOMOTIVES from the 1922 Locomotive Cyclopedia; 104 Pages
    General Description: Names of Parts; Freight Lcomotives starting with 0-6-0's through 2-8-8-8-2's;
    Passenger Cars starting with 4-4-0's through 4-8-2's.

No. 2:  SWITCHING & FREIGHT LOCOMOTIVES from the 1930 Locomotive Cyclopedia; 86 Pages
    Names of Parts; Freight Lcomotives starting with 0-6-0 Throught 2-8-8-8-2's

No. 3:  BOX, STOCK & REFRIGERATOR CARS from the 1932 Car Builders' Cyclopedia; 80 Pages
    Box, Automobile box, Ventilated box, Poultry and Stock, Refrigerator General and Refrigerator Milk Cars

    Qualifications; Pay and Conditions of Service; Duties; Extra Trains; Luggage Trains; Repairing Road; Accidents; Fogs;
    Descending Inclines, Ascending Inclines, Extra Inclines; Tunnels, Junctions; Reports; Duties in Sheds; Piloting.

No. 5:  GONDOLAS and HOPPERS from the 1940 Car Builders' Cyclopedia; 88 Pages
    Gondolas: Class GB, GA, GH, GS; Hopper Cars: Class HM, HT, HE, HG, MWB, HMA, HD, LO

No. 6:  PASSENGER LOCOMOTIVES from the 1930 Locomotive Cyclopedia; 77 Pages
    Whyte's Classifications System; Recent Locomotive Construction Orders; Passenger Locomotives from 4-4-0's through 4-8-2's;
    3 cylinder Locomotives from 4-8-2's through 4-12-2's; High-pressure water tube boiler Locomotives;
    Tank and Narrow Gauge Locomotives

    Watchman's Shanties, Section Tool Houses, Section Houses, Dwelling Houses for Employees, Sleeping Quarters,
    Reading Rooms and Club Houses for Employees; Snow sheds and Protection Sheds for Mountain Slides, Signal Towers,
    Car Sheds and Car Cleaning Yards, Ash-pits, Ice Houses, Sand Houses.

No. 8:  PASSENGER CARS from the 1931 Car Builders' Cyclopedia; 88 Pages
    A.R.A. Classifications of Passenger Train Cars, Suburban Coaches, Thru-line Coaches, De Luxe and Combination Coaches,
    Car Sheds and Car Cleaning Yards,Night Coaches; Floor Plans, Chair Cars, Interiors of Lounges, Baggage-Buffets,
    Limited Trains, Dining and Cafe cars, Sleeping Cars, Business and Pirvate Cars, Baggage and Express Cars, Postal Cars

No. 9:  WAR AND STANDARD LOCOMOTIVES AND CARS (1919) from the 1919 Locomotive Dictionary and Cyclopedia,
        and the 1919 Car Builders' Dictionary and Cyclopedia; 88 Pages
    US Standard Locomotives -0-6-0 through 2-8-8-2; Details, Tonnage Charts; Weights Diagrams and Clearance Diagrams.
    War Service Locomotives from 0-4-0 Saddle Tanks up to 2-10-0 American built for use overseas.
    Box, Refrigerator, Gondola, Flat, Tank, Dump and Push Cars, Gun Transports, Gun Mounts, Armored Cars,
    American built for use overseas. Hospital Trains and Cars. USRA Standard Cars; Box, Hopper, Gondola,
    Tank and Flat Cars, Baggage Cars, Refrigerator Cars, Car Trucks and Postal Car Details

No. 10:  RAIL MOTOR CARS OF THE 1930'S from the 1931 and 1937 Car Builders' Cyclopedias; 88 Pages
    Rail Motor Cars: Gas-Mechanical and Trailers, Gas-Electric, Distillated-Electric, Oil-Electric and Trailer;
    Power Plants; Steam Cars, Storage Battery Cars, Electric Cars, Electric Equipment.
    Motor Trains, such as "Zephyrs", "Cities", "Super Chiefs" and others.

No. 11:  CABOOSE CARS 1879-1943 from the Car Builder's Dictionaries and Cyclopedias for the years
    1879, 1888, 1898, 1903, 1906, 1912, 1916, 1919, 1922, 1925, 1928, 1931, 1937, 1940, 1943; 64 Pages
    Every Caboose Car listed in any Car Builders' dictionary or Cyclopedia from 1879 - 1943 {some inevitable duplications}.

No. 12:  TANK CARS from the Car Builders' Cyclopedias for the years:
        1922, 1925, 1928, 1931, 1937, 1940, 1943; 80 Pages
    List of Parts; Photos and Darawings of just about every type of Tank Car, including Refrigerated Milk,     Special containers, Wine Cars, 1, 2 and 3-Dome cars, and 6-compartment 6-Dome Cars.

    Oil Storage Houses, Oil Mixing houses, Water Stations and Coaling Stations for Locomotives

No. 14:  4-8-4's AND OTHER HEAVY PASSENGER LOCOMOTIVES from the Locomotive Cyclopedias for the years
        1927, 1930, 1938 and 1941; 70 Pages
    Three-Cylinder Locomotive Explanations; Three-Cylinder Locomotives from 4-8-2's through 4-12-2's.
    All 4-8-4's shown in years covered; 4-4-4-4's; High Pressure compound Locomotives; 6-4-4-6 non-articulated

No. 15:  HEAVY TRACTION from the Locomotive Cyclopedias for the years
        1922, 1925, 1927, 1930, 1938 and 1943; 88 Pages
    Name of Parts; Heavy Electric Locomotives and Mechanical Details, Electrical Details

No. 16:  FAMOUS PASSENGER TRAINS from the 1943 Car Builders' Cyclopedia; 72 Pages
    Trains, Coaches and Combination Cars, Observation Club Cafe Parlor Cars, Dining Cars, Pullman Sleeping Cars,
    Business Cars, Baggage and Express Cars, Mail or Postal Cars.

No. 17:  BOX, STOCK AND FLAT CARS from the 1943 Car Builders' Cyclopedia; 72 Pages
    Box, Automobile, Ventilator Box, Stock and Poultry, Flat Cars
    including Well-hole and Depressed Center, Underframe details; 72 Pages

No. 18:  LOCOMOTIVES selected from the 1916 Locomotive Dictionary; 88 Pages
    Whyte's Locomotive Classifications, Complete Locomotive Section starting with 0-4-0's through 2-8-8-8-2's;
    Rack and Fireless, Shay Geared and Gasoline; Names of Parts

    Engine Houses, Freight Houses and Platforms, Platform Sheds and Shelters.

No. 20:  DIESEL ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES from the Locomotive Cyclopedias for the years 1925, 1927, 1930 and 1938
    Oil-Electrics; European Diesels; Hydraulic Transmissions; Gasoline and Gas-Electric Rail Cars; Steam Rail Cars;
    Diesel-Electric Switchers; Combination Locomotives; Electric Battery and Diesel Switching Locomotives.
    Includes first American Diesel-Electrics.

No. 21:  PASSENGER CARS from the 1943 Car Builders' Cyclopedia; 80 Pages
    Coaches, Grill Coaches, Chair Cars, Lounge, Dining, Sleeping, Business, Troop Sleepers,
    Baggage, Express, Horse Express and Mail Cars.

No. 22:  STEAM LOCOMOTIVES from the 1938 Locomotive Cyclopedia (Part 1); 80 Pages
    Names of Parts; Switching Locomotives from 0-6-0's through 4-8-8-2's Heavy Articulated;
    Passenger Locomotives from 4-4-0's through 4-6-4's.

No. 23:  STEAM LOCOMOTIVES AND TENDERS from the 1938 Locomotive Cyclopedia (Part 2); 80 Pages
    Passenger Locomotives 4-8-2's through 4-8-4's; Three-Cylinder 4-10-2's through 4-12-2's;
    Tank Locomotives; Narrow Gauge Locomotives, High Pressure Compound Type Locomotives.
    Tenders: General Drawings, Tanks, Frames, Water Scoops, Trucks.

    Combination Depot, Flag Depots and Locomotive Passenger Depots

No. 25:  ELECTRIC MOTOR CARS from the Car Builders' Dictionaries and Cyclopedias for the years:
        1888, 1898, 1903, 1906, 1912, 1916, 1919, 1922, 1925, 1928 and all relevant
        illustrations from Modern Locomotives 1901; 80 Pages.  Street Cars; Cable,
    Electric and Horse; Coaches; Electric Car Bodies; Electrical Machinery; Trucks; Motor Car Details

No. 26:  RAILWAY SERVICE CARS from the Car Bulders' Dictionaries and Cyclopedias for the years;
        1928, 1931, 1937, 1940 and 1943
    Classification of Maintenance of Way; Equipment Cars, Wreaking Equipment; Locomotive Cranes, Pile drives,
    Steam Shovels, Rail Saws, Spreader-Ditchers, Ballast Equipment, Dump Cars, Inspection and Section Cars,
    Snow Plows and Flangers, Clearance Cars, Test Weight Cars, Bunk Cars, Supply Cars, Instruction Air Brake Cars,
    Dynamometer Cars and Dump Cars

No. 27:  SIGNALS AND SIGNAL SYMBOLS from the 1911 Railway Signal Dictionary; 32 Pages
    Standard Symbols for Operating, Disc Signals, Insulating Rail Joints, Bridges, Crossings, Train Stops,
    Switches, Relays, Indicators and Locks, Circuit Controllers operated by Levers, Circuit controllers operated
    by Signals, Batter and Electrical. Signal Indications: Semaphores, Blocks and Interlocking. Ground Post Signals,
    Bracket Post Signals, British Signals, Block Signals, Highway Crossing Signals, Interlocking Signals, Accessories

No. 28:  CARS, SCALES AND GATES from the 1909 Buda Catalog; 160 Pages
    Motor Velocipedes, Section Motor Cars, Inspection Motor Cars, Bridge Gang Motor Cars, Track Laying Cars,
    Tie Cars, Bolster Car. Repair Part lists and scaleable photographs of the Repair parts themselves.
    Hand Velocipedes: repair parts and photos; Railroad Scales; Track, Depot, Coaling Station, Tipple Waggon and Stock
    Dump; some with lists of parts and photos of parts. Pneumatic Gates, Lever Gates, Crank Gates, Fence Gates,
    Swinging Gates, Electric Gates and some special Gates.  Many with parts lists and scalable drawings of parts

No. 29:  FREIGHT CARS, 1892, by William Voss; 80 Pages
    Freight Car Bodies, Draw Bars, Floors and Framing, Sheathing and Roofs,
    Doors, Stock Car Bodies, Flat Cars, Coal Cars, Ore and Refrigerator Cars, Standard Arch-Bar Trucks,
    Swing Motion Trucks, Steel and Wood Construction, Freight Car Brakes, Power Brakes

No. 30:  RAIL MOTOR CARS, 1919-1928, from the Car Builders' Dictionaries and Cyclopedias for the years
        1919, 1922, 1925 and 1928; 64 Pages
    Motor Cars powered by Steam, Electricity, Gasoline, Electricity, Gasoline, Oil-Electric.
    All the little known Manufacturers represented from Stanley through Mack, McKeen, White, Bowen;
    as well as the better known Manufacturers, such as Brill, A.C. & F., and others.
    Four-page table from the 1925 Car Builders' showing specifications
    for well over 100 different units supplied to many Railroads.

No. 31:  LOCOMOTIVES (Part 1) from the 1927 Locomotive Cyclopedia of American Practice. 80 Pages
    Drawings showing location of parts of Locomotives and lists of parts.
    All the Freight Locomotives from the 0-6-0's through the big 2-8-8-8-2's Articulateds built for the Erie
    by Baldwin.  Passenger Locomotives starting with the 4-4-0's and almost completing the 4-8-2's.

No. 32:  LOCOMOTIVES, TENDERS AND TRUCKS (Part 2) from the 1927 Locomotive Cyclopedia. 80 Pages
    Locomotives: 4-8-2's, 3 cylinders, High-pressure Water tube Boilers; Tank and Narrow Gauge.
    Engine Trucks: 2 wheel leading, 4 wheel leading; 2 wheel trailing, 4 wheel trailing.
    Tender Trucks: 4 wheel, 6 wheel. Locomotive Tenders: General Designs;
    Tanks and Tank Details; Underframes; Coal Pushers.

    A Reference Book for Railroad Managers, Superintendents, Master Mechanics, Engineers, Architects,
    and Students.  Big Terminal Passenger Depots, by Walter G. Berg.  Reprinted from the Original.

No. 34:  SHAYS AND OTHER GEARED LOCOMOTIVES from the 1901 Modern Locomotives,
        Shay Catalogs of 1919 and 1921, Shay Bulletin 3-S,
        and Locomotive Dictionaries and Cyclopedias from the years:
        1901, 1906, 1919, 1922, 1927, 1930, 1938 and 1941; 64 pages
    Mostly Shays, but some Heislers, 1 Rack Locomotive and assorted General Steam Locomotives;
    mostly from the Shay catalogs themselves.  Includes every Geared Locomotive ever shown
    in the Locomotive Cyclopedias from 1901 through 1941.

No. 35:  FRIEGHT CARS (Part 1) from the 1919 Car Builders' Dictionary; 80 Pages
    Box, Automobile, Hopper, Ore Hopper, Gondola, Dump and Flat Cars.

No. 36:  FRIEGHT CARS (Part 2) from the 1919 Car Builders' Dictionary; 80 Pages
    Tank, Stock, Poultry, Horse, Heater and Refrigerator, Speical, Caboose, Miscellaneous, Logging, Mine,
    Snow Flangers and Plows, Ballast Spreaders, Cranes, Pile Drivers, Steam Shovels and a few Gondolas,
    Hoppers, Tanks, etc., from advertising pages. Material Loading Diagrams: 16 pages on loading
    of materials showing actual diagrams for loading of various materials in Box, Flat and Gondola Cars.

No. 37:  INDUSTRIAL AND FOREIGN LOCOMOTIVES from the 1930 Locomotive Cyclopedia; 72 Pages
    Industrial Locomotives: Steam, Fireless-Steam, Compressed Air, Geared-Steam, Rack-Steam,
    Electric and Storage Battery, Gasoline and Oil. Service Equipment: Snow Plows and Flangers,
    Dynamometer Cars. Foreign Steam Locomotives: Light Tank, Mexico, Central America, Cuba, South
    America, Africa, Asia; Articulated-European built; High-Pressure Water Tube, Pulverized Coal, Turbine

    Contents and Lists of Illustrations for all six Parts. End of Terminal Passenger Depots.

No. 39:  PASSENGER CARS, 1892, by William Voss; 80 Pages
    Passenger Car Varieties, Dimensions and Floor Frames, Platforms and Couplers, Superstructure and Framing,
    Superstructures Interiors; Passenger Car Trucks.  By Walter G. Berg.
    Full Details Pullman Palace Car Company Standard Sleeping Car; Full Details Wagner's Latest Palace Car;
    Detailed Pennsylvania Railroad's Pasenger Car and Standard Passenger Car Truck; detailed New York Central
    and Harlem River Railroad Passenger Car; detailed Boston & Albany Standard Passenger Car.

No. 40:  LOCOMOTIVE CABS AND FITTINGS (Part 1) from the 1927 Locomotive Cyclopedia; 40 Pages
    Photographs and drawings of the Locomotive Cabs showing layout of controls and general construction.
    Construction details including Roofing, Seats, Handrails and even Running Boards.
    Safety valves - Steam and Air Gauges, Speed and Cut-Off Indicators; Water Gauges; Valves and Cocks;
    Water Columns; Low Water Alarms; Blow-off Valves; Turrets; Heating Valves

No. 41:  LOCOMOTIVE CABS AND FITTINGS (Part 2) from the 1927 Locomotive Cyclopedia; 40 Pages
    Cab Fittings; Train Heating; Whistles; Bells and Bell Ringers; Lighting Equipment; Lamps;
    Piping (and flexible connections); Locomotive Tinware and Tool Equipment.

No. 42:  PASSENGER CARS from the 1919 Car Builder's Dictionary; 32 Pages
    Baggage Cars; Postal Cars; Express Cars and combinations thereof; Coaches; Parlor and Observation Cars;
    Chair and Parlor; Dining Cars; Sleeping and Special Cars; Floor Plans.

No. 43:  DIESEL & OIL ELECTRICS from Westinghouse (1930) and Ingersoll-Rand (1936); 64 Pages
    Single & double Power Plant Oil Electric Locomotives

No. 44:  LOCOS from BALDWIN LOGGING LOCO CAT 1913 & LOCOMOTIVE STOKER CAT 1919; 128 Pages.  Operating Duplex
    Stoker and Street Stoker fired locomotives; Baldwin Logging Locomotives; Double-Ender Locomotives

No. 45:  LOCOS OF THE 40'S & 50'S (Steam) Part 1 from the 1941 LOC CYC and RAILWAY MECHANICAL ENGINEER
    C&O 2-8-4 Locomotives; High Speed and High Horsepower Output Characterize Modern Motive Power;
    C&O 2-6-6-6 Locomotives

    Wine Drop-End Locks for Gondola Cars; Enterprise gondola Cars; Hart Selective Car;
    Enterprise Hopper Cars; Wine Cast Body Bolster; Cross bearers; Hopper Frames; 70-ton Hopper Car

No. 47:  LOCOS OF THE 40's & 50's (Steam) Part 2 from the 1941 LOC CYC and RAILWAY MECHANICAL ENGINEER  64 pages.
    Articles on the 2-8-8-4s of the Southern Pacific and the Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range, and the
    B&O, the 4-6-6-4s of the Union Pacific, the Delaware & Hudson, and Western Maryland, and the UP's
    4-8-8-4 articulated locomotives. Packed with black and white photos and detailed schematic diagrams.

    Wine Cast Body Bolster; Cross bearers; Hopper Frames; 70-ton Hopper Car; Wine Drop Door Locks for
    Hopper Cars; Wine Cast Steel Hopper Frame; A.C.F Freight Cars; Bettendorf-Built Freight Cars;
    Freight Cars; Representatives of Mount Vernon Construction; All-Steel Freight Equipment;
    Freight Cars and Details Made by Pullman; Lettering and Marking of Cars

No. 49:  LOCOS OF THE 40'S & 50'S (Steam) Part 3 from the 1941 LOC CYC and RAILWAY MECHANICAL ENGINEER
    Fourteen-Wheel Tenders; P.R.R Q-2 Locomotives; Western Maryland Shay; Locomotives Built in Canada;
    Erie 4-6-2 Locomotives; Alton Locomotives Modernized; Hudson Type Locomotives on the New York Central;
    4-6-4 Type Locomotives Built by Baldwin; Freight-Passenger Locomotives; C&O 4-6-4 Passenger Locomotives

No. 50:  LOCOS OF THE 40'S & 50'S (Steam) Part 4 from the 1941 LOC CYC and RAILWAY MECHANICAL ENGINEER
    C&O 4-6-4 Passenger Locomotives (con't); N.&W. Automatic Switcher; New York Central 4-8-2 Type Locomotives;
    New York Central All-Round Road Locomotive (4-8-2); 4-8-4 Type Locomotive Built by Baldwin


(source - Marks' Mechanical Engineers' Handbook, Fourth Edition, 1941)
{moved from main RR page on 28 Apr 05)

                WEIGHT in lbs.     COST of          COST/LB.

TYPE             (loco only)    Loco & Tender     (loco only)

4-8-4 (passenger)  476,000        $151,000              31.8

2-10-4             520,000         133,000              25.6

0-8-0              279,000          73,000              26.2

4-6-6-4            625,000         181,650              29.0

2-8-4              436,500         122,900              27.9

4-8-4 (freight)    468,000         138,000              29.4

4-6-4              409,000         142,000              34.6

Diesel-electric streamliner

   locomotive, two 1,800 hp units

       semi-permanently connected $378,000;

   same, single 1,800 hp unit      190,000;

Diesel-electric switcher, 600 hp,   70,000.
The handbook states that there were 795 electric locomotives in use in the U. S. at the end of 1938, of which 36% were for passenger service and 40% for freight.  The handbook further states that there were 250 oil-electric locomotives in use in 1938, of which 225 were switchers.  No prices were given for electrics or for rail motorcars.  You might compare these to current MP15AC or reworked FL9 costs.

Superior Diesel Engines (and Ingalls/GM&O #1900)

Will Davis, who has a major site about locomotives, especially diesels, was quite lucky to acquire a brochure, Bulletin No. 4707, "Superior LOCOMOTIVE DIESELS / ENGINE MODELS 40 and 65", published ca. 1947 by the Superior Engine Division of National Supply Company in Springfield, Ohio.  It is about the Superior Models 40 and 65 diesel engines for application in diesel-electric locomotives and features the odd turret-cab, one-off Ingalls Shipbuilding Company Model 4-S locomotive, which became Gulf, Mobile & Ohio (GM&O) #1900 in mid-1946.  Here is the cover of the brochure:

{Photo courtesy of W. B. Davis - all rights reserved)

Superior never made it into U. S. production diesel loco engines, although they did power many export locos, especially Whitcombs.  They also repowered a number of engines, including these two boxcabs, American Aggregates #638 and Chiriqui Land #6:

AmerAggreg6 ChiriquiLand638
{Photos courtesy of W. B. Davis - all rights reserved)

American Aggregates #638 is rather odd looking because it was originally built as an interurban freight motor, owned by the Cincinnati & Lake Erie.  It was sold to American Aggregates, which converted it from external (trolley wire) power to internal diesel-electric power (American Aggregates made many other such conversions but this is the only one known to have been equipped with a Superior engine.

Chiriqui Land Company #6 was a small General Electric boxcab originally powered by a Winton / EMC 201 series diesel engine; by inclusion in this brochure, one can logically presume it was later repowered with a Superior engine.

Will has several pages on the Superior brochure, Superior Diesels for Locomotive Service.  There you can find never-before published photos of Ingalls GM&O #1900, showing that it had a clerestory roof behind the cab to accomodate the tall Superior engine and a passenger car vestibule and steps at the rear.


In halcyon days, NYC's Pacemaker ran between New York City and Chicago along the Hudson River, the "Waterlevel Route", and was pulled at times by EMD E-8 #4067, as ballyhooed in this NYC John Gould calendar art:   added (18 Mar 2017) and rev (11 Sep 2017)

{Gould calendar image courtesy of W. Koch - all rights reserved)

Wayne Koch sent along the actual caption of that picture from a later New York Central Historical Society calendar:   added (11 Sep 2017)

"MOHAWK VALLEY scene is depicted on the Central's 1954 calendar, which is being
 distributed widely among shippers and other customers of the railroad. Reproduced here is
 artist John Gould's calendar painting of trains passing as youngsters watch from hill."

  [The trains are meeting, not passing - SB,III (a.k.a. The Master Nitpicker)!]

#4067 was the the trailing unit on a trip in 1955 when things didn't go quite as idyllically as shown.

Here are hitherto(like that word?)-unpublished photos of the wreck of the NYC's Pacemaker around Rensselaer, New York (south of Troy and across the Hudson from Albany) on 02 Apr 1955 (I originally couldn't find a Web record of the wreck, with the exact date - but see below):   rev (12 Jan 2011)

NYCPacemakerWreck1 NYCPacemaker NYCPacemakerWreck3
{02 Apr 1955 Photos by and © S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnailed images for larger pictures.]

I was cruising around Poestenkill or thereabouts with some of my buddies from RPI when we heard of the wreck on the radio and spun around and dashed for the river.  A huge boulder had popped out of the hillside, landed smack on the northbound track, and was clobbered by the westbound Pacemaker, the lead engine of which vaulted into the river on its right side, drowning the engineer.  The trailing unit (NOT a B unit as I originally thought - they were back-to-back A-units) was crushed and the head-end car (baggage, as I recall) had its nose pushed in.   rev (11 Jan 2011)

[The above photos above show looking down on the trailing unit by moonlight and work at night.]

I had climbed a tree and got the big hook rerailing the trailing unit at night, illuminated only by its own {the hook's} lights.  The next morning, bright and early, I got the trailing unit and the baggage car before a bull chased me off:

NYCPacemakerWreck4 NYCPacemakerWreck5
{03 Apr 1955 Photos by and © S. Berliner, III - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnailed images for larger pictures.]

These were taken with an old bellows Voightlander so must be on large format 120 or 127 film.

I was too green and too techie to realize at the time that the newspaper would have paid me for the photos.

I'll have to go dredge up the envelope with the original prints and negatives.  Most of my old photos are dated and annotated.  Not exactly current railnews, but perhaps of interest to rail historians.  It was covered in the local papers the next day.  Does anyone have more info. on this wreck?

WOW!  I no sooner converted this page than along comes MNR desk engineer Wayne Koch on 11 Jan 2011 with the news that John Scala's Weekend Chief Publishing's 2011 New York Central Calendar has a color photo of the wreck's lead unit, NYC E8 #4044, in the Hudson on the rear cover, titled "E8-in-Hudson" and stating that at "approximately 6:02 pm on April 2, 1955, a 14 car train was proceeding southbound@ at Schodack Landing, N. Y. when it encountered a rock slide.  Traveling at 77 mph the lead unit derailed and separated from the train and came to rest in the Hudson River.  The engineer was killed and many others injured. {etc.}".  The photo is credited to the Len Kilian collection and John was kind enough to give me permission to post a crop of it here:   new (11 Jan 2011) and rev (12 Jan 2011)

(crop of photo of 1955 photo from Len Kilian Collection,
© and courtesy of John Scala, Weekend Chief Publishing - all rights reserved)
[Temporary posting - larger image to follow soon {that's what I wrote on 11 Jan 2011!}.]

Here, from John Scala, is the actual caption text:

(photo of 1955 NYC Calendar Back Cover Text courtesy of John Scala,
Weekend Chief Publishing - all rights reserved)

Three years later, John Scala's gone, and Wayne disgorged the actual calendar and it's back cover (25 Feb 2014):

{1955 Photo from Len Kilian collection, from 2011 NYC Calendar Back Cover - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnail for larger picture.]

Thanks, Wayne!

That back cover picture is dated "Apr 2" but had to have been taken the next day, 03 Apr 1955, when the sun came up and #4044 had not yet been removed from the river.  One of those kids, especially the one winding his camera, could easily have been ME (right place, right time, but it wasn't - I was blond)!

@ - Houston, we have a problem here; John says this info. was taken from the FRA website on railroad accidents yet I clearly remember that the train was actually running westbound, thus making it northbound at the site, but the lead loco vaulted over the boulder and ended up in the drink facing south.   rev (12 Jan 2011)

Internet postings by one Tony Correll on 17 Apr 2007 and others reveal that the train was Train #1, that it was traveling at the ruling speed, and that the trailing unit, pictured in my old photos above, was #4067.   new (11/12 Jan 2011)

This question of which way the train was heading intrigued me sufficiently that I asked Ken Kinlock of the New York Central Home Page about it; he kindly responded:   new (13 Jan 2011)

"Train 2 was the Eastbound Pacemaker due into Harmon at 7:47am.

 Train 1 was the Westbound Pacemaker, leaving GCT at 3:40pm and getting to Albany at 5:40pm (stops at Harmon and Poughkeepsie).
 That fits your timeframe."

He also sent this link to the 30 Apr 1950 Form 1001 timetable covering those schedules, http://www.canadasouthern.com/caso/ptt/images/tt-0450.pdf, a marked excerpt of pages 14 and 15 of which I show here:

(excerpt from 30 Apr 1950 Form 1001 courtesy of K. Kinlock - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnailed picture for larger image.]

Wonder who's right - me or the FRA?

EMD FL-9 Third Rail Pick-Ups - to detail some LIRR models I'm working on, including an FL-9 and some apocryphal ones, I wanted color pix of the mounted third rail pick-up equipment.  Most of the extant FL-9s have the gear removed and those few that still have the beams in place have no shoes left.  To the rescue came Wayne Koch, rail photo source par excellence, with this old postcard view of Penn Central FL-9 #5033 at Harmon, replete with full pick-up gear:

{Postcard from W. Koch collection - all rights reserved)
[Click on thumbnailed image for larger picture.]

Wayne would dearly love to know who those guys might be.

Some time after this was posted in 2008, he heard from Jennfier Gordineer that they are her grandfather, Henry E. Christopher (right, in window), and Craig Mayer's father Kenny Mayer (in the doorway) in this 1976-77 post card taken at Harmon.   added (11 Sep 2017)

To save you eyestrain, here are the rear and front trucks cropped out and enlarged:

PC_FL-9#5033RearTruck PC_FL-9#5033FrontTruck
{Cropped from postcard from W. Koch collection - all rights reserved)

Thanks, Wayne!

L. F. M. Disc Drivers

Broadway Limited released its HO modernized AT&SF 2-10-2 ca. Jan 2011 and noted it has an "LFM disc main driver".  General Steel Castings's Boxpok ("box-spoke") and Scullin Steel Co.'s welded Scullin driving wheel centers are well known to me and to most steam fanciers but what might LFM be?  Well, I couldn't find much so out came my trusty 1941 Locomotive Cyclopedia reprint and there it is, on page 7-591, L. F. M, a service mark of the imaginatively-named Locomotive Finished Materials Co. of Atchison, Kansas.  One guess who their primary customer might have been.  Where the Boxpok was cast and had small, round openings and longer rounded tapered openings without rims around the holes, the Scullin was welded and had four round holes without rims in a simple dished disc.  A very popular variation on the Boxpok was the Baldwin Locomotive Co.'s version, which often had a radial rib or two between the holes.  One of many problems with ordinary spoked wheels was that the spokes tended to crack, especially at the hub and even more so where the spoke met the main driver's crank pin boss.  One attempt to correct this was the "webbed" spoke design but, beginning in the mid '40s, defective main drivers were often changed out with General Steel Castings's "Boxpok" or L. F. M.'s "Universal" disc wheel centers because of their greater durability.  L. F. M.'s cast centers had very large "rounded triangular" openings with slight rims.  New steam locomotives usually had any of the three designs, Boxpok (or Baldwin Boxpok), Scullin, or Universal.  Here are, top, l.-to-r., plain spoked, web-spoked, and plain and webbed spoked*, and bottom, l.-to-r., Boxpok, Baldwin, Scullin, and L.F.M. Universal drivers:   new (02 Mar 2011)

SpokedDrivers WebSpokedDrivers Plain&WebSpokedDrivers*

BoxpokDiscDrivers BaldwinDiscDrivers ScullinDiscDrivers LFMUniversalDiscDrivers

* - At the very least, the Pennsy used some webbed-spoke main drivers on their last K4 Pacifics (shown at top right).

Isn't it interesting how different roads and builders treated/decorated their main and side rods?   new (25 Feb 2014)

Steam lovers, see my Science and Technology page!  Ah, the power of steam!

There is an incredible simulation program by Charlie Dockstadter on steam valve gear available on the Alaska Live Steamers VALVE GEAR ON THE COMPUTER page.

You may wish to visit the Railroad Continuation Page, et seq.

of this series of Railroad pages.


  What happens to all this when I DIE or (heaven forfend!) lose interest?  See LEGACY.


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